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 EN COURS 

Geometric aspects in pathwise stochastic analysis and related topics (GPSART)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2021,

"Recent years have seen an explosion of applications of geometric and pathwise ideas in probability theory, with motivations from fields as diverse as quantitative finance, statistics, filtering, control theory and statistical physics. Much can be traced back to Bismut, Malliavin (1970s) on the one-hand and then Doss, Sussman (1970s), Foellmer (1980s) on the other hand, with substantial new input ...
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 2

 EN COURS 

The European network for observing our changing planet (ERA-PLANET)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2016, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2021,

In the last decade a significant number of projects and programmes in different domains of environmental monitoring and Earth observation have generated a substantial amount of data and knowledge on different aspects related to environmental quality and sustainability. Big data generated by in-situ or satellite platforms are being collected and archived with a plethora of systems and instruments m ...
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 38

 EN COURS 
Experimentation in mesocosms is arguably the single most powerful approach to obtain a mechanistic quantitative understanding of ecosystem-level impacts of stressors in complex systems, especially when embedded in long-term observations, theoretical models and experiments conducted at other scales. AQUACOSM builds on an established European network of mesocosm research infrastructures (RI), the FP ...
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 23

 EN COURS 
Background According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), sturgeons are the most threatened fish species worldwide. Of the five surviving sturgeon species in the Danube basin, the IUCN Red List categorises four as “critically endangered” and one as “vulnerable”. Population trends for all five are decreasing. Within the EU, ...
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 9

 EN COURS 
Environmental perturbations to lakes and reservoirs occur largely as episodic climatic events. These range from relatively short mixing events to storms and heat waves. While the driving events occur along a continuum of frequency and magnitude, however, their effect is generally longer lasting than the events themselves. In addition, the more extreme weather events are now becoming increasingly ...
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 8

 EN COURS 
Regulators and industries are challenged by the difficulty to analyse and predict the impact of nonlinear environmental processes on short-term and long-term responses of ecosystems to environmental change. Until very recently, the development of most conventional monitoring, forecasting and prediction tools has been based on the assumption of stationary environmental systems. In the context of gl ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 
Intracellular aggregation of the human amyloid protein alpha-synuclein is causally involved in Parkinson’s disease, a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder. The goal of this project is to combine low-resolution, fluorescence-imaging methods with high-resolution in-cell NMR and EPR spectroscopy techniques to derive macroscopic and microscopic insights into alpha-synuclein aggregate structures dir ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Fishfriendly Innovative Technologies for Hydropower (FIThydro)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2016, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2020,

FIThydro addresses the decision support in commissioning and operating hydropower plants (HPP) by use of existing and innovative technologies. It concentrates on mitigation measures and strategies to develop cost-efficient environmental solutions and on strategies to avoid individual fish damage and enhancing population developments. Therefore HPPS all over Europe are involved as test sites. The f ...
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 26

 TERMINÉ 

Activation Mechanism of a Glutamate Receptor (gluactive)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2015, Date de fin: 30 juin 2020,

Glutamate receptors are amongst the most important signalling molecules in the brain. Activation of receptors by the neurotransmitter glutamate is required for nervous system function, underlying cognition, learning, memory and sensation. Despite advances in the study of their structural biology and physiology, how glutamate receptor complexes are activated remains unclear. With this proposal, we ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Angular studies of photoelectrons in innovative research environments (ASPIRE)

Date du début: 1 mars 2016, Date de fin: 29 févr. 2020,

In the ASPIRE project, whose academic and industrial beneficiaries are world leading in their complementary fields of expertise, the overarching research goal is the measurement of photoelectron angular distributions (PADs) in the “molecular frame” (MF) of systems of biological relevance. These MF-PADs can be interpreted as electron diffraction patterns, achieved by “illuminating the molecule from ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 
LASERLAB-EUROPE is the European consortium of major national laser research infrastructures, covering advanced laser science and applications in most domains of research and technology, with particular emphasis on areas with high industrial and social impact, such as bio- and nanophotonics, material analyses, biology and medicine. Recently the field of advanced lasers has experienced remarkable ad ...
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 26

 TERMINÉ 

Deciphering PI3K biology in health and disease (Phd)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2015, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2019,

The Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is at the core of multiple fundamental biological processes controlling metabolism, protein synthesis, cell growth, survival, and migration. This inevitably leads to the involvement of the PI3K signalling pathway in a number of different diseases, ranging from inflammation and diabetes to cancer, with PI3K pathway alterations present in almost 80% of hu ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Mathematics and Materials Science for Steel Production and Manufacturing (MIMESIS)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2019,

The five partners EFD (Norway), SSAB, Outokumpu, and University of Oulu (Finland), and WIAS (Germany) propose an EID programme on Mathematics and Materials Science for Steel Production and Manufacturing, where eight PhD projects are jointly carried out, providing a unique interdisciplinary and inter-sectorial training opportunity. The research is focussed on three major topics - induction heating, ...
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 4

 TERMINÉ 

Infrastructure for NMR, EM and X-rays for translational research (iNEXT)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2019,

Structural biology provides insight into the molecular architecture of cells up to atomic resolution, revealing the biological mechanisms that are fundamental to life. It is thus key to many innovations in chemistry, biotechnology and medicine such as engineered enzymes, new potent drugs, innovative vaccines and novel biomaterials.iNEXT (infrastructure for NMR, EM and X-rays for Translational rese ...
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 23

 TERMINÉ 

Coordinated Research Infrastructures Building Enduring Life-science services (CORBEL)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2019,

The social and economic challenges of ageing populations and chronic disease can only be met by translation of biomedical discoveries to new, innovative and cost effective treatments. The ESFRI Biological and Medical Research Infrastructures (BMS RI) underpin every step in this process; effectively joining scientific capabilities and shared services will transform the understanding of biological m ...
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 39

 TERMINÉ 
Marine (blue) biotechnology is the key to unlocking the huge economic potential of the unique biodiversity of marine organisms. This potential remains largely underexploited due to lack of connectivity between research services, practical and cultural difficulties in connecting science with industry, and high fragmentation of regional research, development and innovation (RDI) policies. To overcom ...
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 27

 TERMINÉ 
PHABLABS 4.0 aims to integrate photonics in a durable way into the rapidly expanding ecosystem of European Fab Labs and Makerslabs, resulting in a larger and better skilled photonics workforce with superior innovation capacity to achieve a lasting, positive impact on the next revolution in digitization. Combining the forces of top experts from 13 European photonics institutes and STEM-oriented org ...
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 13

 TERMINÉ 
The dynamic modulation of semiconductor structures using vibrations provides a powerful tool for the control of the materials properties required for novel functionalities. Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) with GHz-frequencies and micrometre-size wavelength can be generated using piezoelectric transducers fabricated with standard integrated circuit technology. Their small propagation velocity and hig ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 
Supramolecular assemblies – formed by the self-assembly of hundreds of protein subunits – are part of bacterial nanomachines involved in key cellular processes. Important examples in pathogenic bacteria are pili and type 3 secretion systems (T3SS) that mediate adhesion to host cells and injection of virulence proteins. Structure determination at atomic resolution of such assemblies by standard tec ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
The interaction of matter with light is one of the most fundamental processes occurring in nature with countless scientific and technological applications. In recent years, the continuing development of intense, ultrashort, coherent light sources from the mid-infrared (mid-IR) to the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) spectral range has opened new possibilities for the investigation of this interaction in ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

A Collective Awareness Platform for Promoting Dark Skies in Europe (STARS4ALL)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2016, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2018,

WHY: 2015 has been named by the United Nations as the International Year of Light (light2015.org). Light has had many obvious benefits for human mankind, but it also poses some relevant threats: the everyday-increasing excess of light thrown by humans to the sky seriously threatens to remove forever one of humanity’s natural wonders, the view of our universe. More importantly, it has also an adver ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 

Short Period Superlattices for Rational (In,Ga)N (SPRInG)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2015, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2018,

... (InN/GaN) alloy as established for other III-V compounds is envisioned as the base for such devices. This objective will be achieved by a bilateral collaboration and the concerted action between Forschungsverbund Berlin (FVB) as academic institution, and TopGaN sp.z.o.o. (TopGaN) as non-academic partner. Besides, the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (HU) and the Institute of High- Pressure Physics ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
The mid-infrared (mid-IR) wavelength range is an emerging and important new topic for frontier research. Its general importance relates to a multitude of mid-IR industrial and biomedical sensor applications. Chemical finger prints of most complex molecules such as those found in food, tissue or catalytic compounds all have vibrational spectra in the mid-IR, thus identifiable through mid-IR spectro ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 
AQUACROSS aims to support EU efforts to enhance the resilience and stop the loss of biodiversity of aquatic ecosystems as well as to ensure the ongoing and future provision of aquatic ecosystem services. It focuses on advancing the knowledge base and application of the ecosystem-based management concept for aquatic ecosystems by developing cost effective measures and integrated management practice ...
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 16

 TERMINÉ 

Multidimensional Spectroscopy at the Attosecond frontier (MIDAS)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2013, Date de fin: 31 août 2018,

The invention of multidimensional spectroscopy was a major leap in nuclear magnetic resonance. Comparable schemes in the optical regime have led to significant advances in our understanding of ultrafast dynamics in complex molecular systems. Currently, these multidimensional approaches are the most powerful and complete measurement schemes for resolving molecular dynamics on femtosecond time scale ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Managing Aquatic ecosystems and water Resources under multiple Stress (MARS)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2014, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2018,

"MARS will support managers and policy makers in the practical implementation of the WFD, of related legislation and of the Blueprint to Safeguard Europe’s Water Resources by conducting new research and synthesising existing knowledge concerning effects and management of multiple stressors in surface water and groundwater bodies; by advising the 3rd RMBP cycle and the revision of the WFD; and by d ...
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 25

 TERMINÉ 
Europe has invoked the SET-Plan to design and implement an energy technology policy for Europe to accelerate the development and deployment of cost-effective renewable energy systems, including photovoltaics. With lower cost of solar electricity, PV could significantly contribute to the achievements of the 20-20-20 objectives.The Joint Program on PV of the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA-P ...
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 37

 TERMINÉ 
"The objective of INAPRO is to mobilise industry, member states and stakeholders to promote a new and innovative technical and technological approach right up to an Aquaponic system which allows a nearly emission free sustainable production and contributes remarkably to global food security for the 21st century. Considering that traditional Aquaponic systems, combining aquaculture and hydroponics, ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 
"INTERFACES is a supra-disciplinary training and research network that aims (1) to develop conceptual process understanding of the role of ecohydrological interfaces (i.e. system boundaries) for the transport and transformation of fluxes of heat, energy and water and interlinked biogeochemical cycles (C, N, O) at micro- to landscape-scale; and (2) to create the next generation of supra-disciplinar ...
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 13

 TERMINÉ 
Individual variations in body size and in behavioural types within a population have, each separately and in isolation, been shown to strongly determine the dynamics and stability of populations and their responses to perturbations and environmental change. However, both aspects of individual trait variation are fundamentally joined by their influence on individual life history traits which ultima ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
The research activities planned will be devoted to development, test and characterization of novel thin-disk structures based on epitaxially grown monoclinic double tungstate crystals for use in high average /peak power all-solid-state laser systems operating in the important 2-µm spectral range. Laser gain will rely on the Holmium (Ho) trivalent ion which is potentially very suitable for high ene ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

The role of autophagy in presynaptic protein turnover (SYNPT)

Date du début: 1 mai 2015, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2017,

Neuronal communication primarily occurs at synapses. Recent studies have suggested a key role for protein synthesis and degradation in the regulation of synaptic structure, function and plasticity by changing the abundance of select synaptic proteins in a spatially confined manner. Remodeling of the synaptic proteome is accomplished by, for example, regulated degradation via the ubiquitin proteaso ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
The Terahertz range (300 GHz – 3 THz) of the electromagnetic spectrum is largely unused for the lack of solid-state Terahertz electronic components. Exciting applications can be found in many areas including Communications, Navigation, Security, Material Engineering, and Medical and Life Sciences, owing to the character of Terahertz electromagnetic radiation. Examples of applications are high-band ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Analysis of Multiscale Systems Driven by Functionals (ANAMULTISCALE)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2011, Date de fin: 31 mars 2017,

Many complex phenomena in the sciences are described by nonlinear partial differential equations, the solutions of which exhibit oscillations and concentration effects on multiple temporal or spatial scales. Our aim is to use methods from applied analysis to contribute to the understanding of the interplay of effects on different scales. The central question is to determine those quantities on the ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Ion homeostasis and volume regulation of cells and organelles (CYTOVOLION)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2012, Date de fin: 31 mars 2017,

"The regulation of ion concentrations in the cytoplasm and in the lumen of intracellular vesicles provides suitable environments for biochemical reactions, gradients for signal transduction, and generates osmotic gradients for the regulation of the volume of cells and intracellular organelles. Changes in the ion homeostasis and volume of cells and organelles may in turn influence processes like ce ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Entropy formulation of evolutionary phase transitions (ENTROPHASE)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2011, Date de fin: 31 mars 2017,

The ground-breaking nature of the project relies on the possibility of opening new horizonswith a novel mathematical formulation of physical problems.The project aim is indeed to obtain relevant mathematical results in order toget further insight into new models for phase transitions and thecorresponding evolution PDE systems. The new approach presented here turnsout to be particularly helpful wi ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 
Fluctuation-induced interactions are typically forces arising from classical and quantum fluctuations. Paradigmatic examples are the Casimir effect and the van der Waals force. They are connected with a panoply of phenomena of great importance in different areas of physics. The exact knowledge of these interactions is rapidly becoming very important not only for fundamental purposes but also for t ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"DEEPEN will develop an integrated open source multiscale simulation environment, targeted at problems common to future nanoscale electronic and photonic devices. New device simulators require an atomic-scale description of selected critical regions of a transistor or LED to capture details otherwise inaccessible. They must also resolve the considerable uncertainty in many critical parameters requ ...
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 6

 TERMINÉ 

Elliptic Pdes and Symmetry of Interfaces and Layers for Odd Nonlinearities (EPSILON)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2012, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2016,

The scope of this project is to perform an analytical study of the geometric properties of the interafaces arising in the scalar Ginzburg-Landau-Allen-Cahn equation, with particular attention to possible 1D symmetries.Also, we would like to analyze the cases in which the operator is singular, degenrate, subelliptic or fractional and to obtain results for PDEs in manifold and in inverse overdetermi ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 

GaN powered Ka-band high-efficiency multi-beam transceivers for SATellites (GANSAT)

Date du début: 23 sept. 2013, Date de fin: 1 oct. 2016,

GANSAT – GaN powered Ka-band high-efficiency multi-beam transceivers for SATellitesGaN technologies appear to be a key element for the space industry. Their use in the power amplification stage of satellites will represent a significant progress versus actual designs and benefit to broadcast systems. In addition, the good noise feature opens the door to high performing low noise amplifiers and loc ...
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 7