Roman Tomb

il y a 9 mois

Vlad Gogoncea

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The archaeological site Cavoul Roman listed on the List of Historical Monuments in Galaţi County at the 14th position with the indicative: GL-I-s-B-02973 is located in the city of Galati. Cavoul roman is one of the spectacular funerary discoveries in the region. Unfortunately, this monument was also severely affected by the public works carried out in the 70s in the city on the Danube. Cavoul roman from Galati was part of a funerary landscape situated on the upper terrace in the northern area of the confluence of the Siret with the Danube, to the east of the castellum and the roman camp at Tirighina-Barboşi. The construction is of rectangular shape on the outside, and inside the room is trapezoidal. Inside, the construction was not paved, but a thin and discontinuous layer of sand and lime paste (resulting from interior finishing work) was identified over the yellow ground. The walls were made of non-planed stone - Dobrogea eggplant shale bound with lime mortar mixed with a little crushed brick. Outside the walls of the cavity were in direct connection with the loess. We start from the premise that a funeral arrangement with such an evolved plan, including decorative painting, had the role of a family grave.Its devastation, probably from the ancient period, and the destruction from the moment of discovery, is an impediment to clarifying the number of dead men and bones.  The inventory presents objects common to the Roman civilization and the Sarmatians.This type of Hypogean tomb is undoubtedly Roman, but the armpit reinforcements and the pearl indicate a sarmatic ethnicity of some of the deceased. It would not be the first such discovery, since not far from the Barboşi area, in Şendreni, a sarmatic tombstone that was dated in the first half of the third century was investigated.This tomb belonged to a woman after inventory. In the inventory of the tomb were found ceramic pots of Roman origin.A first dating item, in the absence of coins, is the type of stamp visible on many of the bricks (CLFMY) found among the vaults / vaults. This element is, however, a terminus ante quem non because the bricks and tiles used in the construction of the vault were discovered whole or broken, which leads to the hypothesis that they originate from the demolition of a previous building in Barbosi, a construction built up by the seamen from Classis Flavia Moesica.

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