Community Based Beekeeping as an enterprise development for biodiversity conservation and livelihood

il y a 7 mois

murambo beekeeping association

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Name of the lead applicant

        Murambo Beekeeping Association

Title of action

Community Based  Beekeeping as an enterprise development  for biodiversity conservation  and livelihood.

The location of action

        Kabale-Rubanda District South Western  Kigezi Region

Duration of action

       3 years

 The action

 

;     Description of the action

;  Description (max 8 pages

Provide a description of the proposed action, including all the information requested below, referring to the overall objective(s)/impact and specific objective(s)/outcome, possible intermediary outcomes, outputs described in the concept note:

                                                  ABSTRACT

.Murambo Beekeeping Association , Is the a platform association for both groups and individuals ,assists Bee farmers in Africa Uganda who have engaged in beekeeping in order to improve their livelihood. Beekeeping contributes to better nutrition and higher income for rural families and to the conservation of the natural environment. Bees are essential for pollination of most wild plants and trees. Most fruit and vegetables depend on bees and agricultural yields improve through good pollination. Beekeeping preserves nature, agriculture, sustains livelihoods and provides food security.

 

Beekeeping offers a great potential for development and is comparatively less demanding in terms of investment, labour and time. The importance of beekeeping as an income-generating activity is due to the fact that many people use honey as food, medicine and for sale. Also, beekeeping is advocated to improve human welfare by alleviating poverty through increased household income that is invested in other economic undertakings such as paying for social services - education, health, transport and housing. Beekeeping gives local people economic incentive for the retention of natural habitats, and is an ideal activity in any pastures and forest conservation programme.
This project will be implemented in the remote villages of Rubanda district around Mafuga forest  , Bwindi National park and others areas in kigezi region in order to eradicate poverty in the rural areas of Rubanda district . The area is very remote ,hilly area and it has some of the lowest income in the country

.

. Forests, being areas with no direct agricultural activity, provide a source of organic nectar. Without the pollinating activities of bees, over 100, 000 species of plants would have become extinct The beekeepers harvest honey and beeswax and other bee products for their own consumption and for sale. They both organize beekeeping training for men, women and youngsters. MBKA also has a training programme for AIDS orphans, who gain knowledge and skills in beekeeping which gives them income to go to school and better perspectives for the future.
MBKA as a mediator for its partners to raise funds for the training programs and other necessary facilities in honey processing.

 

The action’s overall objective is to contribute to the inclusive and low-carbon economic transformation of communities in the areas of Rubanda communities to generating sustainable economic growth, increased employment, reduced poverty, improved nutrition, and the sustainable management of their environment. The specific objective is to improve the institutional framework for sustainable environmental and economic management  through capacity building of local Authority  to the local communities.

To improve production, processing and marketing of beekeeping farming.

To strengthen institutional development capacity building on agri-business and entrepreneurial skills.

These objectives will be achieved through the implementation of activities under three

Expected results:
-Reduced cutting down of trees.
-Control of bush fires which destroy forest.
-Increase of income from honey processing.
-Increased hectares of forested land .
-Controlled erosion.

Distributing modern Bee hives and more

 Output 1: Increased skills and knowledge of Local Authorities to enhance their institutional framework and policy development to support the sustainable environmental and economic management of kabale and rubanda.

Output 2: Increased skills and knowledge for community led natural resource management in Rubanda communities.

Output 3: Enhanced skills and knowledge of Local Authorities to support employment and livelihood opportunities in the honey production.

i. State how the action will improve the situation of the target groups and final beneficiaries and the technical and management capacities of target groups and/or any local co-applicants and affiliated entity(ies)

 

This action has been designed to promote inclusive, Beekeeping sustainable development led by Local Authorities (LAs) in the Lake Bunyonyi catchment in South-West Uganda. Lake Bunyonyi is a high-value natural resource for the predominantly rural populations of Kabale and Rubanda district LAs, which govern the lake and its wider catchment. The lake is also an area of outstanding natural beauty and biodiversity, with significant potential to generate tourism revenue for the communities living around it. Poverty and mounting population pressures have driven significant degradation of natural resources in the lake basin, resulting in declining water availability and soil fertility, and posing a long-term threat to the income and food security of poor rural households.

This action aims to address multiple environmental and economic challenges faced by the rural population in Rubanda district and Kabale and bring sustainable benefits to the target groups and final beneficiaries described below.

The action will target 1,000 individual members of rural communities living in the Rubanda and around the wetlands of which 60% will be selected from the following sub-groups:

 

Women and Girls: Among coverage of wetlands and availability of financial products to support wetland farming.

BACKGROUND

MBKA strives to reduce poverty, with a strong focus on marginalized communities, by creating an environment in which sustainable and dignified livelihoods is attainable to the largest population. The Women Bee Keeping initiative MBKA strives to reduce poverty, with a strong focus on marginalized communities, by creating an environment in which sustainable and dignified livelihoods is attainable to the largest population Women in rural Kabale, Rubanda, Kisoro, kanungu Districts, on the fringes of Bwindi National Park and other hilly areas are the poorest and most isolated in Uganda. Due to rugged hilly conditions access to the areas can prove very difficult. The consequences are, limited access to education, health facilities and lack of gainful employment opportunities.

The economy of these areas is mainly based on subsistence agriculture organized at the village level. However, even subsistence farming is difficult because cultivable lands are scattered, landholding is fragmented and markets are distant. Unemployment in these areas is very high and enterprise culture is hindered by the lack of storage facilities and other marketing services which force farmers to sell their production at once or let the produce go to waste.

with improved livelihoods while promoting women advancement within their community. Supporting the Honeybee Production project is a relevant strategy to provide the residents of the kabale

Women account for less than 5% of honey producers in kabala ; Yet honey production has the potential to significantly improve the fortunes of bee keepers. On average ownership of five bee hives ,translates to US$ 371 a year, a huge amount of revenue in our economy. Total honey production is purchased on the local market. Lack of storage facilities, processing equipments,market information and poor access prevent beekeepers from potentially reaching more profitable down country markets. Bee keepers are also not aware of the income supplement they could generate through the exploitation of the four major honey by-products: beeswax, pollen, royal jelly, and propolis.

This project will scale up the achievements of a previous project carried supported by Bees Abroad which introduced honeybee keeping and honey production as an income-generating activity in 2017. Provided trainings and inputs to local beekeepers. Developed linkages to market for the local production

This project will focus on successfully creating such linkages with markets. By addressing local women issues, beekeepers or newcomers, providing inputs and trainings, and focusing on the production of by-products, the Honeybee Project will allow these women to increase their income and to become more integrated in decision-making process within their community.

 

 

The project will be based in kabale District but will cover areas in kigezi region,  as well. We will work in Murambo, Mafuga forest ,Bubare,Rubanda along Bwindi Forest and Echuya forest to benefit Batwa women

This project will create local support women groups that will mobilize and organize communities residing in these villages of kigezi region

By the end of 2020:

- 80 Women will be trained

- 80 Households will be supported

- 200 Honey bee hives and inputs will be provided

- 80 Women will be producing honey

- 30 percent Income will be increased through sale of honey

- 4 Honey Bee Associations of women will be formed

- 80 Women producers will be linked with the market

 

 

Youth: This project employs a definition of youth as those aged between 18 and 27 years[1]. An estimated 78% of Ugandan youth are unemployed, and this figure is increasing, particularly in rural areas where livelihood options outside of subsistence agriculture are extremely limited. Lacking access to and control over land, and often demonstrating a declining interest in engaging in agriculture, youths’ rural-to-urban migration is increasing as young people seek better livelihood opportunities beyond their communities.

Batwa: Kabale and Rubanda are home to some of Uganda’s last surviving Batwa communities, who are highly marginalized and vulnerable to poverty and food insecurity. Through the creation of the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (BINP) in the early 1990s, the Batwa were evicted from the high forest they lived in and depended on for their livelihoods. The process of resettlement largely failed to compensate these communities for the land they had lost, and an estimated 90% remain landless. Today, Batwa communities experience some of the highest levels of poverty in Uganda, and face discrimination and social exclusion, which severely restricts their access to jobs.

Rural households in all areas targeted by the project (including individual members of the groups described above) will benefit from a 25% increase in disposable income, improved food security, resilience and nutrition as a result of livelihood diversification and adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices; 500 new jobs created in sustainable livelihood sectors including horticulture, beekeeping, mushroom production, small livestock and sustainable energy and potential jobs in tourism. Community-led NRM activities will support more equitable access to resources in the catchment as well as leading to improved water availability, soil fertility and tree cover.

Village Natural Resource Management Committees

The action will establish 12 Village Natural Resource Committees (VNRMCs) as community-level institutions mandated to cascade knowledge about policies and bylaws relating to the sustainable use of the natural resources in the bwindi national park to members of their wider ; Members of VNRMCs are drawn from a range of social groups, ensuring that the voices of those who depend on natural resources, including traditionally marginalized groups such as women, youth and Batwa communities are heard in the process of developing an integrated management plan for the Lake

 Identify and describe in detail each activity (or work package) to be undertaken to produce results, justifying the choice of activities and specifying the role of each co-applicant(s) and affiliated entity(ies) (and associates or contractors or recipients of financial support where applicable) in the activities. Do not repeat the action plan to be provided in section , but demonstrate coherence and consistency of project design. In particular, list any publications proposed.

The activities outlined below have been identified and agreed through a collaborative planning process between all the implementing partners. This process built on extensive consultation with the co-applicants and other stakeholders, conducted by MBKA in May and September 2021.

Inception and preparation activities

 

01 Recruit and train project staff

At the start of the project, MBKA will recruit a Project Manager who will be responsible for overall project coordination, oversight, monitoring and reporting, and will be based in Kabale. The Project Manager will be supported by one full-time Project Coordinator (responsible for coordinating activity implementation directly supervising the two project officers and reporting to Shu about project progress and performance) and two full-time Project Officers (responsible for activity implementation)

02 Inception meeting

This meeting will be conducted with all implementing partners to confirm the roles and responsibilities of project-dedicated and supporting staff, and their active participation to achieve the action’s expected outcomes effectively. Through this meeting the project team will develop a detailed implementation plan with clear milestones for the first year of the project and agree monitoring, evaluation and reporting timelines and procedures.

 

03 Baseline survey

MBFS will conduct a comprehensive contextual analysis, livelihood zoning exercise, gender analysis and baseline survey of a sample of households in the project’s target location to collect data on initial levels of each of the indicators specified in the project log frame (Annex C). The methodology of the baseline survey is in line with the MBKA monitoring and evaluation framework which is outlined in detail in section

04 Community sensitisation

Murambo Beekeepers will work with  Kabale and Rubanda district Local Authorities to develop and implement a community sensitisation strategy to raise awareness of the project among rural communities in the project’s target locations. A series of meetings at sub-county and village level will be conducted to bring together relevant local government technical staff and community members, and to enable the effective targeting, selection and engagement of participants for project activities from poor and vulnerable groups including women, youth and the Batwa community.

 

05 Develop Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Plan

The project’s Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Plan (MELP) will be developed by the project team, with support from MBKA Uganda’s Monitoring Evaluation and Learning Coordinator. The MELP will outline how the results of the intervention will be tracked and assessed throughout the project lifetime, how monitoring data will be analysed, and how the results of data collection will be disseminated to key stakeholders including beneficiaries, internally among staff members for program improvement and externally to promote replication of project successes elsewhere.

 

06 Launch Workshop

Impact of beekeeping on forest conservation,

preservation of ecosystems and poverty reduction

Value of bees for nature                

Bees are important pollinators and many ecosystems depend on the pollination of bees for their existence and for increasing their genetic diversity(cross -pollination). A decline in bee colonies and bee species could therefore threaten the survival of plant species that depend on the pollination by bees. Some types of plants depend uniquely on their pollination by bees (F AO, 2007). Research by ecologists indicatesthatover100,000 species of plants would become extinct in the absence of the pollinating functions of bees. Invariably, the absence of these plants would dramatically alter the ability of the Mau Forest ecosystem to function optimally. The Bwindi  community which loves honey and depends on the Mau Forest for honey production would have lost this potential for producing honey (Mau-Mandela, 2010).The ecological value of the pollination service of bees in forest communities, however, is often unknown. Honey  hunting, for example, is an activity that is widely practiced in some forest areas in developing countries where bees are abundant, but is a direct threat for the bees. The activity consists of plundering wild bee colonies. The honey hunter uses fire to chase the bees a wand often kill bee colony by burning it to enable him harvest honey from wild bee colonies. This is not only a direct threat for the bee but also for the forest as this type of fire is sometimes reported as the

origin of forest fires and wild bush fires, destroying large parts of forests, and habitats for be and other pollinators.

A project launch workshop will be held in Kabale at the end of the inception period to bring together key project stakeholders from local and regional government ministries, the private sector, CSOs and research organizations to raise awareness of the project’s objectives and expected outcomes and to launch the Multi-Stakeholder Platform to be established under Output 1.

 Conduct training for rural communities on off-farm livelihood activities

 

Supporting rural communities to diversify their sources of income into livelihood activities that are compatible with the conservation will  create jobs and contribute to reducing pressure on the lake resources. Based on the results of the market assessment to be conducted at the start of the project, the action will promote livelihood diversification into a selection of activities identified as having high sustainability, feasibility and market potential in the target location. A total of 500 individuals, the majority drawn from traditionally marginalized groups (youth, women and Batwa), will be targeted through their existing producer organisations, income.

 

Participants will be supported to access the inputs they need to build their sustainable enterprises through existing market-based providers such as honey and mushroom cooperatives and horticulture off-takers, and the project will support groups to access financing to invest in growing their businesses through Saving With A Productive Purpose (SWAPP) groups, microfinance institutions and central government grants, for example from the Youth Livelihood and Women’s Empowerment Funds.

5 Train communities on Saving With A Productive Purpose

Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLAs) are important community-based institutions, which give rural households access credit to meet their basic needs and help develop social capital. MBKA takes the VSLA savings model a step further by promoting the saving with a Productive Purpose (SWAPP) methodology. The training will help groups mobilise financial resources within themselves, inculcate the culture of objective-based saving for investment, financial discipline and strengthen group cohesion. This will prepare the groups for resource mobilisation from external sources such as microfinance institutions. The action will establish SWAPP VSLAs for all enterprise groups engaged in both agricultural and off-farm livelihood activities under activities and 20 saving groups will be trained and mentored 50 times per year in year 1 and year 3 by MBKA on SWAPP methodology. The methodology includes establishing specific savings goals for productive investments such as equipment, seeds, stock, livestock and tools and adapting credit disbursement schedules to ensure loans for these productive investments will be made available at critical points in the production cycle.

6 Develop branding, standards and marketing strategy for Lake Bunyonyi as an eco-tourism destination

 

Recognizing the high potential of tourism (and specifically eco-tourism) around Lake Bunyonyi to bring about economic transformation within the catchment through increased employment opportunities, the action will undertake a market research and branding exercise in collaboration with businesses operating in the tourist sector around the lake and the Ugandan tourist board with a view to creating a shared brand and marketing strategy for Lake Bunyonyi as an eco-tourist destination. This activity will draw on the successes of similar branding efforts for the nearby Bwindi and Mugahinga impenetrable forest conservation areas as eco-tourist destinations.

Establish Honey Processing Enterprise

To provide on-going support to emerging small enterprises throughout and beyond the project lifetime ,Murambo Beekeeping Association will support the establishment of Honey processing plant Enterprise  as part of the Kabale and Rubanda district LA operations. These Honey processing will take the form of LA-led group information sessions and 1:1 referral sessions to provide follow-up business skills training, connect entrepreneurs to mentors, disseminate market information, facilitate market linkages and access to existing government-supported grants focused on honey production enterprises. It is envisaged that the enterprise beekeepers will form part of the LAs operations beyond the project timeframe and that their increased capacity will enable them to attract annual budget allocations to support this.

;  Methodology  

i. The methods of implementation and rationale for such methodology

 

The proposed methods of implementation for this action are informed by the combined experience of MBFS and the co-applicants over several years, both in Uganda and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa. The main approaches that will be used and the rationale for employing them are outlined

The Functional Landscape Approach

The project’s objective of ‘striking a balance’ between environmental protection and supporting inclusive economic development is underpinned by the Functional Landscape Approach (FLA), which provides both a framework for understanding the multiple functions of natural resources, and a recommended set of activities to support sustainable community-led NRM. Developed by Wetland Action in collaboration with MBKA, the FLA seeks to identify environmentally-sensitive strategies for safeguarding essential ecosystem functions at the same time as improving livelihoods in  Forests and wetland areas.

The FLA takes a holistic understanding of beekeeping natural resources such as forests  and wetlands, and the environmental, social, cultural and economic services they provide to rural people. A key element of the approach prioritises the participation of communities who depend on ecosystem services in developing and implementing policies to govern the use of natural resources. The rationale for this methodology seeks to address weaknesses identified in previous approaches to NRM which prioritised conservation at expense of social need and focused on top-down management plans, resulting in a lack of investment from the rural communities who depend on natural resources for their livelihood.

The action will implement FLA-recommended activities including: participatory research and land use planning with multiple stakeholders, wetland zoning to limit unsustainable cultivation patterns and protect areas of natural vegetation, promoting afforestation, agroforestry and conservation agriculture within the wider catchment, and monitoring the use of irrigation technology. Through the creation of VNRMCs the action will seek to embed this methodology within local institutions to ensure the sustainability of its results.

Enterprise development

Supporting agri-enterprise is a key pillar of Murambo Bee Farmers organisational strategy, as a means to developing more resilient smallholder livelihoods and diversifying the income streams and employment opportunities available to poor rural communities. This action employs a series of market-based approaches to supporting inclusive and sustainable development. These approaches form an essential element of the action’s sustainability strategy, which seeks to support the emergence of a thriving green economy in the mafuga forest, and embed the new enterprises supported by the project within existing markets in the region.

 

The main means proposed for the implementation of the action

 

The main means required for the implementation of this action are listed in Annex B (budget). These are: two motorcycles, three laptop computers, three workstations, two printers, one filing cabinet. These inputs are required to support the coordination and implementation of project activities.

 

viii. The attitudes of all stakeholders towards the action in general and the activities in particular

 

The design of this action was developed through an extensive consultative process which involved stakeholders from local district government, national government agencies CSOs including SHU , business owners and research institutions. The attitudes of all stakeholders towards the action are positive, and each has confirmed their willingness to carry out the roles and responsibilities assigned to them for implementation.

 

ix. The planned activities in order to ensure the visibility of the action and the funding

 

At the start of the project, MBKA  will develop a project communication strategy in line with Funders Visibility Guidelines. Project documents, offices, learning sites and assets will be branded with, MBKA and co-applicant logos, MBKA and co-applicant websites will be used to disseminate relevant project information and will mention  support; and in every public meeting, training and dissemination of promotional materials and learning materials,  support will be mandatorily acknowledged.

 

 

 

 

;  Indicative action plan for implementing the action (max 4 pages)

 

Year 2021

 

Half year 2021 (months 1-6)

Half year 2021(months 7-12)

 

Activity

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Implementing body

A. Project Preparation

01 Recruit and train project staff

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

02 Procurement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHU, RWEPP

03 Inception meeting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

04 Baseline Survey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHU

05 Community Sensitization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

06 Develop M&E Plan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

07 Launch Workshop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

B. Project Execution

Output 1: Increased skills and knowledge of local authorities to enhance their institutional framework and policy development to support the sustainable environmental and economic management of lake Bunyonyi basin

Set up multi-stakeholder platform for coordination of NRM & conservation activities in Lake Bunyonyi basin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

Build the capacity of LA and CSO staff on the Functional Landscape Approach

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHU

Conduct exchange visit on FLA/ NRM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Develop an integrated Management Plan for Lake Bunyonyi basin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

Launch integrated Management Plan for Lake Bunyonyi basin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

Build the capacity of LA and CSO staff in FLA, governance, finance & resource mobilization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHU

Strengthen institutional capacities for monitoring and surveillance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Output 2: Increased skills and knowledge for community led natural resource management on the Lake Bunyonyi basin

;  Establish VNRMCs to plan and implement conservation activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KDLG, RDLG, RWEPP

;  Support VNMRCS to develop community level bylaws, plans and policies for NRM in their sub-catchments with higher-level Local Authorities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

;  Support community nurseries to grow agro-forestry and fruit tree seedlings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KDLG, RDLG, RWEPP

;  Provide training in FLA to VNRMCs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KDLG, RDLG, RWEPP

;  Conduct ToT for Farmer Field School facilitators

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHU

;  Establish 20 Farmer Field Schools for climate smart agriculture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RWEPP, KDLG, RDLG

Output 3: Increased employment and livelihood opportunities through green economy

;  Market Assessment for sustainable energy, tourism and crafts, mushroom, honey and horticulture value chains

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KDLG, RDLG, REWPP

;  Build the capacity of LA and CSO staff to support green enterprise development

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

;  Training for rural communities on off-farm livelihood activities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KDLG, RDLG, REWPP

;  Train sustainable energy agents on production, installation, maintenance and marketing of sustainable energy products

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KDLG, RDLG, RWEPP

;  Training on Saving with a productive purpose (SWAPP)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MBKA

;  Set up a business forum for the local green economy, with quarterly meetings

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RWEPP KDLG, RDLG

;  Develop branding, standards and marketing strategy for Lake Bunyonyi basin as an eco-tourism destination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KDLG, RDLG, RWEPP

;  Establish Green Enterprise Clinics

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

C. Project Monitoring

08. Ongoing Monitoring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

09. Quarterly review meeting (PSC)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All partners

 

For the following years:

2021

2021

 

Activity

Half year 2021

Half year 2021

Half year 2021

Half year 2021

Implementing body

up multi-stakeholder platform for coordinating NRM & conservation activities in Lake Bunyonyi basin

 

 

 

 

All partners

Conduct exchange visit on FLA/NRM

 

 

 

 

 

Develop an integrated management plan for Lake Bunyonyi basin

 

 

 

 

All partners

Launch of integrated Management Plan for Lake Bunyonyi

 

 

 

 

MBKA

Build the capacity of LA and CSO staff in FLA, governance, finance & resource mobilisation

 

 

 

 

MBKA

Strengthen Institutional capacities for monitoring and surveillance

 

 

 

 

MBKA

Establish VNRMCs to plan and implement conservation activities

 

 

 

 

RWEPP, KDLG, RDLG

Support VNMRCS to develop community level bylaws, plans and policies for NRM in their sub-catchments with higher-level Local Authorities

 

 

 

 

RWEPP, KDLG, RDLG

Support community nurseries to grow agro-forestry and fruit tree seedlings

 

 

 

 

RWEPP, KDLG, RDLG

Provide training in FLA to VNRMCs

 

 

 

 

RWEPP, KDLG, RDLG

Establish 20 Farmer Field Schools for soil and water conservation

 

 

 

 

REWPP, KDLG, RDLG

Build the capacity of LA and CSO staff to support green enterprise development

 

 

 

 

SHU

Training for rural communities on off-farm livelihood activities

 

 

 

 

AICM, KDLG, RDLG

Train sustainable energy agents on production, installation, maintenance and marketing of solar energy products and fuel-efficient stoves

 

 

 

 

RWEPP, SHU

Conduct training on Savings with a productive purpose (SWAPP)

 

 

 

 

SHU, KDLG, RDLG

Set-up a business forum for the local green economy with quarterly meetings

 

 

 

 

All partners

Develop branding/standards and marketing strategy for Lake Bunyonyi basinas an eco-tourism destination

 

 

 

 

All partners

Establish Green Enterprise Clinics

 

 

 

 

RDLG/KDLG RWEPP

08. Routine monitoring

 

 

 

 

All partners

09. Quarterly review meetings

 

 

 

 

All partners

10. Midterm review

 

 

 

 

All partners

11. Final evaluation

 

 

 

 

MBKA

 

i. Describe the expected impact of the action with quantified data where possible at technical, economic, social and policy levels

 

Technical

This action will build the technical capacity of all of its target groups and co-applicants to contribute to the development of an inclusive green economy in the Lake Bunyonyi basin. As a result of the action, Kabale and Rubanda district LAs will have improved technical capacity to engage with multiple stakeholders to coordinate sustainable management of the lake, wetlands and other natural resources in the basin, engage with communities to enable this, and to support the development of green economic activities. SHU  will benefit from improved capacity to coordinate, deliver training and support to rural communities on sustainable livelihood activities and NRM and 12 VNRMCs will gain technical capacity to raise awareness, monitor and implement ;At the household level, 500 individuals will gain new skills, knowledge and links to markets to build sustainable rural enterprises in a diversified range of agricultural value chains and other high-income-potential activities such as solar energy products or craft production, and a further 500 will gain skills in soil and water conservation practices for agriculture.

 

Economic

Through the creation of 500 new green jobs the action seeks to diversify the income streams of 500 households in the Lake Bunyonyi basin. In addition, by supporting a further 500 households to improve their farming practices the action aims to increase the average disposable income and improve the resilience of a total of 1,000 rural households by 25%, and ensure 80% of these have sufficient food for 12 months a year. The impacts of these achievements are expected to benefit an additional 3,500 members of the target households.

 

Social

In addition to increasing household incomes and food security, the action will seek to improve dietary diversity among 80% of target households through mainstreaming nutrition awareness into agricultural and enterprise skills training activities. At an environmental level, the action is aiming to engage 12 village communities in adopting sustainable NRM practices, support a 25% increase in the area of land within the Lake Bunyonyi basin under sustainable NRM systems, and a 10% improvement in water quality.

 

Policy

The action will contribute to the creation of a multi-stakeholder platform established to oversee the development of an integrated management plan for Lake Bunyonyi, and the creation or revision of a number of functional bylaws for governing natural resources in the lake basin. By prioritising community and private sector participation in the development of policies and legislation, the action expects to promote increased levels of compliance with national polices and guidelines and contribute to conservation of the environment.

 

ii. Describe a dissemination plan and the possibilities for replication and extension of the action outcomes (multiplier effects), clearly indicating any dissemination channel

 

GSHA and its partners in this action are committed to building on lessons learnt through this project, and replicating and extending best practice in future programmes in Uganda and across Africa. SHU will disseminate learning and promote replication and extension of best practice through a number of channels:

 

Annual stakeholder review

This review will involve key stakeholders in the development of a sustainable management plan for Lake Bunyonyi and the emergence of a green economy. Project staff, Stretch Hands Uganda (MBKA) and LA staff representatives and local and international NGOs will also be invited. Annual updates will be shared with key stakeholders to showcase successes and challenges and will inform project planning for the following year.

 

Workshops/meetings

Information on lessons learnt and evidence of project challenges and successes will also be shared through regular meetings and workshops. This information will be shared in hard copy reports to the district local governments, and participating training institutions. Links to the documents will also be displayed on MBKA and partner websites for interested parties to access.

 

Project Reports:

MBKA and partners will produce quarterly and annual progress reports, which will be shared with the EU and participating district local governments in hard and soft copy.

 

iii. Provide a detailed risk analysis and contingency plan

 

Risk category

Risk

Probability

Severity / Impact

Economic

 

  1. High inflation and currency variability which may increase cost of project delivery.

High

Moderate

  1. Extreme fluctuation in commodity prices due to over/undersupply of particular commodities in the market.

Medium

Moderate

  1. Some enterprises along the Lake Bunyonyi basin declining to participate in the MSP and continue to pollute/degrade the lake.

Low

Moderate

Economic Risk Contingency Plan

  1. Expensive capital items will be procured early in the project cycle to avoid impact of inflation/currency variability.
  2. Market intelligence through routine local community level, national and international commodity price monitoring.
  3. GSHA will work engage with Local authorities at the national, district, sub-county and village levels to sensitize the communities and businesses along the lake on the urgency of the need to effectively manage the lake basin for sustained benefits.

Environmental

Extreme weather variability leading to flooding, mudslides and or drought.

High

High

Environmental Risk Contingency Plan

  1. Climate Smart Agriculture practices will be promoted in project area to mitigate impact.
  2. Indigenous knowledge will be used to identify flood/mudslide prone locations through participatory landscape mapping.
  3. Link to available early warning systems such as FEWSNET and the National Meteorological Authority.
  4. Link beneficiaries to agro-insurance and government insurance subsidy scheme to transfer risks to crop failure.

Political

  1. Mistrust of government among communities as a result of the move to amend the constitutional age-limit for presidency.

High

High

  1. Political interference from politicians including mobilising communities against project initiatives.

Low

High

  1. Local governments being constrained by central government decisions.

Medium

Moderate

  1. Disagreements among project stakeholders.

Medium

Moderate

Political Risk Contingency Plan

  1. GSHA will work with both politicians and technocrats at both local and central government levels and will approach communities as partners in delivering the project. With this project, gains and failures will be appreciated as collective responsibility.
  2. GSHA will not participate, promote or condone any form of politicking through the entire project cycle and will demonstrate the highest possible level of transparency and equality in working with the community.
  3. GSHA and her partners will engage with local and central governments right from project inception to build consensus and collective responsibility throughout the various decision levels.
  4. GSHA will as much as possible involve all key stakeholders in contributing to decisions that affect them in the project and will ensure effective flow of communication.

Social

Female voice, choice and control over own income and or assets may be negatively affected by social cultural norms.

Moderate

Low

Social Risk Contingency Plan

  1. The action will employ a GTA and the FLM, gender awareness and education will be conducted in the community and female and youth participation will be encouraged through deliberate actions such as setting group leadership quotas.





 

 

iv. Describe the main preconditions and assumptions during and after the implementation phase

 

The main preconditions to and assumptions for successful implementation of the project and the sustainability of its results beyond the funding period have been identified by GSHA in collaboration with the partners. These include: a stable macro and micro economic environment and favourable political and social situation for implementing NRM activities, support from central government to LAs, willingness of stakeholders including communities, businesses and national agencies to agencies to engage with LAs, and willingness of smallholder farmers to adopt new technologies and put into practice the techniques and practices they learn through capacity building and livelihood diversification activities.

 

v. Explain how the action will be made sustainable after completion

 

The sustainability strategy for this action has been developed through a participatory process of analysing the opportunities for and risks to the sustainability of the project’s results. This was conducted in collaboration with all implementation partners in September 2017. The following approaches and activities will be implemented to ensure the action’s financial, institutional, policy level and environmental sustainability.

 

  1. Financial sustainability

The action will undertake a number of activities to support the financial sustainability of the institutions, services and enterprises that the project will put in place. At the household level, increased incomes from livelihood diversification activities, combined with the establishment of SWAPP groups and Green Enterprise   will enable individuals supported by the project to save and invest in continuing and growing their enterprises. For each promoted off-farm livelihood activity, beneficiaries will be linked to existing private sector providers within the target region to ensure continued access to inputs, markets, training and technical support beyond the project lifetime. Supporting the development of rural businesses, in particular through Green Enterprise Honey processing Plant will help those with high potential to access the financial investment from government grant schemes and the private sector to grow. Mainstreaming the FLA and initiatives such as Green Enterprise Honey processing plant into the existing operations of SHU and the LAs will encourage them to allocate their own financial resources to project activities in future. Finally, increased turnover of enterprises in the Lake Bunyonyi basin will feed back into LA budgets through revenue collection, enabling LAs to allocate increased resources to the continuation and expansion of the initiatives piloted through this action.

 

  1. Institutional sustainability

The action will work to build the capacity of existing institutions in the Lake Bunyonyi basin with a view to ensuring that the capacities for sustainably managing the lake and its resources are embedded within structures such as LAs and CSOs (SHU), which will continue to deliver services within the target communities long beyond the project lifetime. An important aspect of this capacity building will focus on strengthening LAs’ community engagement skills and functions to build increased accountability between institutions and rural constituents, to support the successful implementation of policies and bylaws at community level into the future. The action will also establish new stakeholder-led institutions to support the on-going development and maintenance of the Lake Bunyonyi basin, including the MSP, business forum and VNRMCs at district and village level. MBFS will employ a participatory approach to both capacity building of existing institutions and and establishing new institutional structures to ensure LA and AICM staff, entrepreneurs and rural community members play an active role in creating and maintaining institutions for sustainable NRM and economic development from the outset.

 

  1. Policy level sustainability

The action will work directly with LAs who have the authority to define and implement by-laws governing the lake to ensure policy level sustainability of the action’s results. By mainstreaming the FLA into LA planning and operations, the action will secure political will and investment from existing LA staff in maintaining and implementing policies and bylaws, and equally importantly, the project will engage community members in devising these policies to ensure buy-in at community level. MBFS will support the project’s MSP to engage in lobbying for increased budget allocations for environmental conservation activities at the local government level.

 

  1. Environmental sustainability

Ensuring environmental sustainability is a cross-cutting theme of all of MBFS’s work in rural Africa, and all project activities will be implemented in line with MBFS’s environmental policy. Bringing about sustainable management of Mafuga Forest catchment is one of the primary objectives of this action, and activities across all three outputs, from the development of a management plan for the lake and bylaws to govern NR use to the promotion of agroforestry, training smallholders on SWC practices and supporting diversification into conservation-compatible livelihoods will all contribute to the long term preservation of the natural resources that the rural population living around the forests and other areas rely on for their livelihoods. And honey processing will create sustainability for bee farmers, market linkage and sales from bee products etc.

  1. WORK PLAN SCHEDULE

 

 

 

 

Work plan for Value Chain development in Rubanda district, Murambo beekeeping 3years

 (2021-2023)

 

Month(s)

Oct   Nov

Dec    Jan

Feb     Marc

  Apr      May

Jun      Jul     

Aug         Sept       

 

Week (starting)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Activities by Objective

Major honey harvesting season

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minor harvesting season

 

 

1

Review the status of beekeeping in each of the Project sites 

 

Collect documents from various organization

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Review of documents/ publications in the honey sector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conduct consultative meetings with organizations that have been involved  Apiculture development

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conduct stakeholders analysis for the subsector

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compile the Apiculture status   report.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Facilitate the putting in place of stronger producer associations into economic production units

 

Identify associations/beekeeping groups 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conduct training  needs  for each actor in the chain segment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Develop training manuals for each segment of the chain 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Identify and train potential  beekeepers as trainers of Trainees (TOT)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Train all actors in group dynamics and formation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conduct practical  training  in  beekeeping for each association/group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organize a cross visit to areas with success stories in beekeeping 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Train actors in enterprise development and management  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

Facilitate processes that allow key players in the value chain have access to appropriate inputs /technology & advisory services.

 

Identify key actors in  the chain  for whom partnerships and linkages are to be developed 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Identify local artisans/key services providers  and microfinance institution  in the project area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assess the above players and their role in supporting beekeepers in the area.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Train the artisan in producing appropriate   beekeeping equipment like Bee hives, smokers, hive tools & protective gear for harvesting.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Supply of Bee equipment to groups

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Train in Equipment usage and maintenance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monitor the performance of each trained artisan based on accepted standards.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To link key players in the honey value chain to sources of raw materials for some equipment and other input manufacturers in the industry.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facilitate   consultation meetings between micro finance institution and other players in the chain to develop tailor made products.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Train honey packers and processors especially in honey processing, packaging and entrepreneurial skills

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Recommend the appropriate market linkages and market outlets for honey and other product

 

Conduct a rapid micro-market survey in selected market outlets in and outside the region.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facilitate the chain actors to put in place Honey and other collection centres for bulk sales.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facilitate consultative meeting between producers and processor about their roles and contractual obligations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Together with the stakeholders develop a market information dissemination mechanism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facilitate honey processors and packers on honey presentation (Branding) to the market

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Organise a regional Honey exhibition for Beekeepers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 End of project  Report

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

No.

Details

Unit

Unit price

Total Cost

  1.  

Settling tanks (food grade stainless steel-200kg) with strainer same diameter with stands.

03

3,437,000

10,311,000

  1.  

Settling tanks (food grade stainless steel-400kg) with strainer same diameter with stands.

03

5,347,000

16,041,000

  1.  

Honey jars (Pet clear-250g @ 400pcs per bag) with different color lids

30 bag

135,000

4,050,000

  1.  

Honey jars (pet clear-500g @ 300pcs-per bag) with different color lids

30 bag

145,000

4,350,000

  1.  

Silicone Candle moulds with different designs

7

270,000

1,890,000

  1.  

Airtight buckets

600

15,000

9,000,000

  1.  

Labels in bulk (10,000 pcs) print for area

30,000

200

6,000,000

  1.  

Designing labels for each area

06

100,000

600,000

  1.  

Bee suits & gloves, gumboots (50 pcs for each area)

300

160,000

48,000,000

  1.  

Honey press with straining bag

04

2,753,100

11,012,400

  1.  

Honey refractometer-used to check water content in honey

03

998,300

2,994,900

 

Total

100,857,300

 







 

 

 

Budget for trainings

 

Conduct training in Group dynamics & Group formation

 

 

 

 

No. of days

Qty

             Unit cost

Amount

 

 

Professional fee

30

60

350,000

21,000,000

 

 

Per dem 2 people

32

64

55,000

3,520,000

 

 



 

 

 

32

960

65,000

62,400,000

 

 

 

Rent for office

 

 

 

1,000,000

 

 

Accomodation for 2 consultants

32

12

55,000

660,000

 

 

 





 

 

Stationary (lumpsum)

 

6

200,000

1,200,000

 

 





 

8,480,000

 

 

Conduct training in honey, wax and propolis processing, packaging and storage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transport for 2 motorcycles for fields

 

2

          24,000,000

48,000,000

 

 

 

Packaging material for only Honey 500g & 300g (@bag 400 pieces)

 

24

             145,000

3,480,000

 

 

 

Stationary

 

                                 

            

1,800,000

 

 

 

meals for  30 people per group

32

260

               65,000

16,900,000

 

 

 

1 vehicle for transport field         45,000,000

 

 

 

 

5445

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Materials Honey, propolis& Bees wax

 

  1

               1,380,000  

   1,380,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  71,560,000

 




































 


 

 

Training of Artisans in making Bee hives, smokers, Bee suits & processing gear 


 

 

Carpentry (Making Bee Hives)







 

 

Professional fee

30

60

350,000

21,000,000



 

 

Per dem 2 people

32

64

55,000

3,520,000



 

 

Transport Refund for  10 Artisans

6

60

25,000

1,500,000



 

 

Transport for 2 consultants return Kampala-

6

12

200,000

2,400,000



 

 

Accommodation for consultants

32

64

55,000

3,520,000

 31,940,000


 

 

Blacksmith (making smokers)



 

0



 

 

Professional fee

30

60

350,000

21,000,000



 

Per dem 2 people

32

64

55,000

3,520,000



 

Transport Refund for Artisans

6

60

25,000

1,500,000



 

Transport for 2 consultants return Kampala-

6

12

200,000

2,400,000



 

Accomodation for consultants

32

64

55,000

3,520,000

    31,940,000


 

Tailoring (making Bee suites & processing gear)


 

0



 

Professional fee

30

60

350,000

21,000,000



 

Per dem 2 people

32

64

55,000

3,520,000



 

Transport  Refund for artisans

6

60

25,000

1,500,000



 

Transport for 2 consultants return Kampala

6

12

200,000

2,400,000



 

Accomodation for consultants

32

64

55,000

3,520,000

    31,940,000


 

Trainings of trainers in various aspects of beekeeping with emphasis on apiary management and Harvesting.

 

Professional fee

30

90

350,000

31,500,000



 

Per dem 3 people

32

96

55,000

5,280,000



 

Bee suits set (gloves, )

 

90

180,000

16,200,000



 

Smokers

 

60

50,000

3,000,000



 

Prototype hives (langstroth, Top bar)

 

6

270,000

1,620,000



 

Stationary including handouts

 

6

500000

3,000,000



 

Air tight

 

60

15,000

900,000



 

Transport for 3 consultants return

6

18

300,000

5,400,000



 

Accomodation& meals 30 people

30

900

65,000

58,500,000



 

Transport for 30 people

 

180

25,000

4,500,000



 

Accomodation for 3 consultants

32

96

55,000

5,280,000



 

Training Venues Hire

30

30

100,000

3,000,000








 

    138,180,000


















 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Budget for Equipment                                                              1001,857,300

Total Budget for Trainings & Worksho

314,040,000

 

Total Funds Requested             414,897,400/=

 

 

 

















































 

 

 

 


 Agriculture
 Agroalimentaire
 Biodiversité
 Ressources forestières
 Développement rural
 Entreprises et industrie
 Microfinance

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