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Shortening distance to education / labour market for migrant and refugee women though gender-sensitive counselling and local cooperation strategies
Date du début: 1 oct. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2019 PROJET  TERMINÉ 

In 2015, 1 321 560 refugees claimed asylum in EU, out of which 292 540 applications were approved (Eurostat). The number of women refugees is increasing rapidly, as of 15 January 2016, just over 55 per cent of those arriving are women and children, as compared to only 27 per cent in June 2015 (UNHCR). At the same time, migrant female unemployment and social exclusion remains one of the main socioeconomic challenges for most European countries. Despite the fact that this group is heterogenic with a big variation in employment patterns between the member states as well as due to indicators as educational background, prior experience, social status, personal situation, immigrant women tend to run a higher risk of unemployment or underemployment (part-time and temporary employment) according to Rand Corporation report “Migrant Women in the European Labour Force”. In average, there is 24 % difference between male and female employment rate when it comes to non-EU citizens in EU-28 (Eurostat 2014). One of the main reasons for the above challenge is inadequate mapping of prior knowledge and lack of individualised support according to the analysis of the School Inspectorate in Sweden. This depends on a lack of cooperation and coordination between different organisations dealing with training, validation of prior knowledge/experience and employment of migrants/refugees. Each stakeholder (Adult Education Providers, VET providers, municipality, Public Employment Services, NGOs, etc.) develop their own methods for facilitating participation of migrants in education/labour market. This leads to repetitive standard measures where the holistic approach and individual path development are missing. Moreover, there is no consistent strategy in the area of career counselling and in most of EU countries there is lack of professional standard and training for the professionals in this area. Finally, all Member States tend to lack gender-sensitive education and employment services, turning a blind eye to women needs, which leads to intersectional discrimination based on characteristics including gender and minority ethnicity (European Parliament, 20150000INI). There are three actions needed to improve access of migrant/refugee women to labour market through education: 1) Sufficient career counselling through training of professionals; 2) Efficient gender-sensitive strategy for cooperation within local stakeholder networks, dealing with validation/training/job placement to provide services based on individual needs and barriers of every woman; 3) Active involvement of employers in the local stakeholder networks as a key to education to work transition. These objectiveds support the main aim of igma-femina project "to improve accessibility of migrant/refugee women to adult education and gender-sensitive counselling to enter labor market". In December 2011 three partners of this application, FU-Uppsala, Dimitra and Revalento, started a Grundtvig project “EU Integration Agent” – Innovative Guidance Methodology for Integration of Low-skilled Immigrants into Adult Education (igma). The goal of igma was to develop a methodology for effective guidance of low-skilled immigrants into adult education/labour market through centralised approach and coordinated integration measures on the stakeholder level. The methodology has been proven to be successful in all partner countries with about 73 % of participants entering education or labour market. There is YH-education in igma available in Sweden and the Netherlands and the methodology is being currently implemented in 8 municipalities of Uppsala region within ESF project for the target group - newly-arrived. Within Igma3 project, which started in 2015, the methodology is being adapted to the group young adults with focus on career counselling and employers´ involvement. There is a strong synergy between igma-femina and previous projects. The impact of introduction of igma-Femina methodology in the regional stakeholder networks will lead to better opportunities for job placements of migrant and refugee women based on their needs and capacities. Moreover, the cooperated efforts of stakeholder networks will result in transparency and efficiency on the system level in regards to career counselling and employment of migrant and refugee women. The partnership is a mix of adult education providers with private companies, representing employers, regional NGOs working with refugees, migrants and women and European network for inclusion from 5 countries. This will ensure relevance of developed material to the regional needs and to the needs of migrant and refugee women. Moreover, they will ensure effective dissemination and exploitation of project and its results at local/regional/national levels.



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