Rechercher des projets européens

Personal freedom of 19th century female characters
Date du début: 1 oct. 2014, Date de fin: 10 août 2016 PROJET  TERMINÉ 

The project consists of translating, publishing and distribution of 5 novels which may be considered to be early feminist novels. The aim of the project is to see how Zola, Pirandello, Hardy, Henry James and Anne Bronte portray the personal freedom of female characters in 19th century. "The Tenant of Wildfell Hall", by Ann Bronte challenges the social conventions of the early nineteenth century in a strong defence of women's rights in the face of psychological abuse from their husbands.In “The Portrait of a Lady” personal freedom of James’s protagonist can be seen in her wish to enjoy life and meet the world before getting married. Despite her being free-spirited she loses her freedom by suddenly coming into a great deal of money and falling into the conventional.“Far from the Madding Crowd” by Thomas Hardy might be described as an early piece of feminist literature, since it features an independent woman with the courage to defy convention by running a farm. Although her passionate nature leads her into serious errors of judgment, she has enough flexibility and intelligence to overcome her youthful foolishness.Feminine power over men is the topic of the novel “Nana” by Emile Zola. Here, female freedom is shown through a decadent and decaying moral. The theme has a lot of parallels today: decadence, fear of aging, and destructive affairs.Social constraints on the lives of women in the 19th century are also portrayed in the novel L’eclusa (The Excluded Woman) by Luigi Pirandello. He addresses European society and women’s roles in it at the turn of the century. The story of the female protagonist shows conflicts between modernity and tradition; her husband and father bond over a masculine solidarity, and falsely accuse her of infidelity.The approach of all these authors is bold, naturalistic and passionate and the themes of personal freedom, responsibility and betrayal are eternal and very much in common with our contemporary lives.