Migration and Mobility - exploring the political, ..
Migration and Mobility - exploring the political, economic and demographic conditions for young people in old, new, future and potential EU-member states
Date du début: 1 sept. 2015,
Date de fin: 31 déc. 2015
In October 2015, the Youth Department of the city of Nuremberg has organized a study visit for youth experts from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Croatia, and Germany. Altogether 16 youth officers, youth workers and youth leaders were involved in the six day event carried our in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Under the title "Migration and Mobility", they were exploring the political, economic and demographic conditions for young people in old, new, future and potential EU-member states.
The pool of partners was established in June and July 2014 in Sarajevo during the youth conference "Mlada Evropa" (Young Europe). The event was funded by the EU-Delegation in B&H and organized within the "1914/2014 World War I" centenary program. One of the conference's workshops was fuelled by a multinational group of young professionals from the youth sector, two of them representing the Nuremberg Youth Department. As a result of their commitment, the working group decided to create thematic follow-up activities within EU's Erasmus+ programme. One of them has materialized in this application. In the aftermath of "Mlada Evropa", they concluded to analyse the challenges and opportunities young Europeans are facing in view of political instability and social tensions on the one hand and pertinent demographic trends and economic growth on the other. This reflection process took several months and was the initial step of the project's preparation phase.
Through its implementation, the designed programme has improved the participants’ professional competences by widening and deepening their expert knowledge and skills and by inspiring innovation and creativity in a field of action widely ignored by academic teaching or scientific research. namely the social and economic effects of youth mobility on transforming societies. Moreover, the study visit has strengthened the learning partnerships established last summer and stabilized and expanded the existent network. The project's complex setting of partners from EU member states and neighbouring countries has improved the international dimension of the involved stakeholders including their inter-cultural and transnational communication skills. Since English is the project’s working language and none of the cooperation partners is a native speaker, an upgrade of the general English proficiency was an effect for all 16 participants. Thus, all involved partners have improved their "marketability" when working on the international floor.
The study visit has explored the respective youth support systems and discussed the findings thoroughly. The exchange of experiences and good practices implemented by this programme has improved the quality of youth work and youth support services in the participating countries. As expected the monitoring and evaluation of "Migration and Mobility" has inspired follow-up activities. It needs to be assessed to what extent the project will produce results for the partner organizations' beneficiaries. Particularly their social mobility and their employability in the European labour market are expected to be enhanced. In all phases - planning, implementation and evaluation - the project has stimulated identity building within the European frame and fostered both the concept and the practice of European citizenship.
Coordinator was the Youth Department of the city of Nuremberg. In this capacity, the Youth Department took the role of a sending organization along with the partners from Croatia and Serbia. Host of the study visit was the Institute for Youth Development KULT in Sarajevo.
The transnational study visit was characterized by field activities. It is important to note, that the four involved partners did not always work within the plenary setting. Group activities in medium sized (5/6 participants) multinational working groups and small sized (2 to 4 participants) thematic teams guaranteed a maximum of results, both in terms of complexity and thoroughness. Routinely, the plenary group had the opportunity to meet for morning briefings and to share their experiences in the course of reflection seminars and evaluation workshops at the end of the program. The results were presented and discussed within a social media online forum. A specific focus was put on two key questions: 1) To what extent are mobility projects promoting rural exodus and brain drain, two evident threats for the transition economies of the Western Balkans? 2) Are the concepts of rural exodus and brain drain still relevant, considering the political, socio-economical and demographic realities young people in Europe have to cope with?
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