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Metabolic requirements for prostate cancer cell fitness (CancerMetab)
Date du début: 1 nov. 2013, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2018 PROJET  TERMINÉ 

The actual view of cellular transformation and cancer progression supports the notion that cancer cells must undergo metabolic reprogramming in order to survive in a hostile environment. This field has experienced a renaissance in recent years, with the discovery of cancer genes regulating metabolic homeostasis, in turn being accepted as an emergent hallmark of cancer. Prostate cancer presents one of the highest incidences in men mostly in developed societies and exhibits a significant association with lifestyle environmental factors. Prostate cancer recurrence is thought to rely on a subpopulation of cancer cells with low-androgen requirements, high self-renewal potential and multidrug resistance, defined as cancer-initiating cells. However, whether this cancer cell fraction presents genuine metabolic properties that can be therapeutically relevant remains undefined. In CancerMetab, we aim to understand the potential benefit of monitoring and manipulating metabolism for prostate cancer prevention, detection and therapy. My group will carry out a multidisciplinary strategy, comprising cellular systems, genetic mouse models of prostate cancer, human epidemiological and clinical studies and bioinformatic analysis. The singularity of this proposal stems from the approach to the three key aspects that we propose to study. For prostate cancer prevention, we will use our faithful mouse model of prostate cancer to shed light on the contribution of obesity to prostate cancer. For prostate cancer detection, we will overcome the consistency issues of previously reported metabolic biomarkers by adding robustness to the human studies with mouse data integration. For prostate cancer therapy, we will focus on a cell population for which the metabolic requirements and the potential of targeting them for therapy have been overlooked to date, that is the prostate cancer-initiating cell compartment.