Development of an in field, ecologically safe, con.. (PHANETRI)
Development of an in field, ecologically safe, continuosly detoxifying technology for producing bio-vegetables
Date du début: 31 déc. 2011,
Date de fin: 30 déc. 2013
There is an increasing demand for sustainable agricultural practices producing safe food. These farming technologies rely on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure; compost and biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and control pests. The use of manufactured fertilizers and pesticides, plant growth regulators, livestock antibiotics, food additives, and genetically modified organisms is excluded or strictly limited. However, in order to convert land previously used in common agricultural practice and prepare it for organic management practice, efficient technologies are needed. Furthermore, organic farmlands are exposed to dangerous xenobiotics through distinct pollution drift effects such as wind driven pesticide containing dusts and xenobiotic containing rains. From these compounds the most outstanding problems are related to the following two groups of pollutants: POP (Persistent Organic Pollutants) compounds (e.g. dioxin, DDT, HCH) and PAHs (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons) (e.g. benzpyrene) which are recognized as being directly toxic to biota. Therefore a continuously detoxifying technology is needed in the course of organic production. Farmers running low-input agricultural production increasingly face with the problem of soil-borne pests. The key of pest control is establishing and maintaining the microbial community structure in a disease suppressive state. Organic agricultural production requires reliable pathogen management that in the past has been difficult to obtain. New approaches of the biological control may provide new tools for these farmers. Challenging these problems, the main objective is the development of an optimized, fungal-based product and technology which is able to the quick transformation of the problematic groups of xenobiotics to less toxic or nontoxic compounds in organic farmland soils, able to suppress plant pathogenic fungi in the rhizosphere and trigger the plant systemic acquired resistance system. Achievements: The project aimed to develop an ecologically safe, plant protecting and soil cleaning agricultural technology that aids organic vegetable production. There is increasing demand for sustainable agricultural practices that produce safe food. These farming technologies rely on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure; compost and biological pest control to maintain soil productivity and control pests. The use of manufactured fertilisers and pesticides, plant growth regulators, livestock antibiotics, food additives, and genetically modified organisms is excluded or strictly limited. However, in order to convert land previously used in common agricultural practice and prepare it for organic management practice, efficient technologies are needed. Addressing these problems, the partners established the basis of a fungus-based product and technology which are able to quickly transform the problematic groups of pollutants to less toxic or nontoxic compounds in organic farmland soils, to suppress plant pathogenic fungi and to induce pest resistance in plants. The Hungarian and Serbian partners implemented the project with the aim of developing in-field, ecologically safe, continuously detoxifying technology for producing bio vegetables. The project partners created a website with continuously updated content, prepared a trilingual project leaflet and brochure to disseminate the project achievements. They organised four working visits, conducted research, presented the results at national and international conferences, and published research papers. The partners themselves stated that the results of the project could not have been reached without their cross-border partner. The expertise of the Hungarian and Serbian partners ideally complemented each other during the realisation of the project. During the implementation of the project, new ideas emerged which indicates the possibility of continuous, further collaboration between the cross-border partners. The project enabled the participating research units on both sides of the border to procure new instruments, which can be continuously operated, thereby aiding the realisation of recently started and future projects. The positive feedback and great interest from other, non-participating scientists as well as from farmers in Hungary and Serbia indicates that the developed strategy has the potential to be introduced into agricultural practice. Besides the professional partnership, the participating scientists also made new friends with their colleagues from the cross-border partner institution.
Sremska Kamenica, Serbia
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