Daha Çok Demokrasi Daha Etkin Öğrenme
Date du début: 31 déc. 2015,
Date de fin: 30 déc. 2016
Recently in Turkey, a curriculum change has been made to be the basis of raising democratic citizens. In order to put curriculum changes into practice properly, another important innovation must be included in these changes and innovations. It, without question, must be related to carrying out programs on training and development of teachers and directors.
Beyond being a regime, democracy primarily is a common way of life and so schools can be described as democratic organizations. Democratic education acknowledges diversity among students and groups and strengthens the integration, communication, interaction and relations among individuals. Accordingly, democratic education is shaped by principles of equity and it supports enrichment of diversity in viewpoints, enables involvement of partners, families, and students in decision making processes related to education at local level. It involves activities of building adaptation skills which can hold students, groups and society together. Therefore, our primary purpose is to train educators who are able to apply model of democratic education, which we must adopt in order to manage schools with democratic values.
As part of a project by Council of Europe, some standards have been developed for European schools within the scope of ‘democratic schools’ (Council of Europe, 2005). In this framework, each individual has the right to receive education in a learning environment that encourages his/her personal development and equal learning. Being uniform, teacher centered instruction used in schools always regards students as ‘audience’, and imposes a rote learning based education model, disallowing them to develop their creative sides. In this sense, it is quite far from democratic school model. In order to apply democratic education model in our school, the teachers must be trained on ‘Student-Centered Education Model’. In this way, in the short run our school can provide a learning environment for students in which they show more participation in class, develop their thinking skills, question what they are taught and learn how to learn. This will help us achieve our objective of ‘two percent increase in academic success of our students compared to previous year’, which is involved in our strategic objective in the long run.
In this model, students, teachers, families and school members act together and each individual has equal right to speak on school management. In a democratic school, conflicts are resolved in non-obligatory and structured ways, based on cooperation of all school members. Our administrative personnel and teachers must develop themselves by having training on conflict prevention and problem solving through guidance and effective communication in order to apply this model at school. When school personnel use their proficiency which they will gain through the project efficiently at school, this will both strengthen the relationship between school and parents and reduce disciplinary actions. All these achievements will promote our objectives of ‘five percent decrease in discipline problems compared to previous year’ and ’twenty percent increase in the number of parents reached through individual interviews every year’, which are involved in our strategic objective in the long run.
On the other hand, in order for students to take part in democracy efficiently, it is very important in democratic school model to motivate students to take part in student clubs, educational organizations, and class presidency and to make them gain self-management skills. This skill is important in raising students’ awareness of democracy and active involvement and it develops them in cognitive, social and emotional terms. Therefore, our teachers must gain competence in ‘Developing Students’ Self-Management Skills’ to be able to teach students democracy culture and how to manage themselves. The teachers who gain competence and use their knowledge at school will help to achieve the objectives of ‘ at least five percent increase in the participation in student clubs every year’ and ‘ten percent increase in students’ active involvement in decision making processes at school’, which are involved in our strategic plan in the long run.
Through this project, we are planning that 2 administrative personnel and 19 teachers will attend to courses for 2 weeks in Holland. They will develop themselves in democratic education and gain proficiency and competence to apply Democratic School Model used in European countries at our school. By this way, we will take an important step in becoming a school that can meet the needs of today’s world and make our school an innovative and modern educational institution which has international competence.
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