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Applications of the gauge-gravity duality (AppGGd)
Date du début: 1 août 2012, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2016 PROJET  TERMINÉ 

One of the most powerful tools to emerge from string theory is the gauge-gravity duality also called AdS/CFT. This is a strong-weak duality which allows one to relate strongly interacting gauge theories to classical gravity. In recent years the duality has found a wide range of applications spanning fields as diverse as heavy ion collisions, superconductivity, physics of black holes and superstrings.According to the gauge-gravity duality a black hole geometry is equivalent to a thermal state of a gauge-theory. Consequently, hydrodynamic properties of the gauge theory can be accounted for by properties of the black hole horizon. This proposal aims at building upon the relation between black hole horizons and hydrodynamics in order to utilize unique features of hydrodynamic such as turbulence or the role of the second law of thermodynamics to understand the behavior of black holes. Likewise, it proposes to uncover novel hydrodynamic effects using our current understanding of black hole physics.Unsolved age-old problems involving turbulence or black hole thermodynamics are at the forefront of scientific research. This proposal aims to tackle such problems using innovative, state-of-the-art tools and methods. The results of this work will enrich our understanding of both hydrodynamics and black hole mechanics and, in addition, constitute a significant step forward in the way we perceive the interplay between them.