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 EN COURS 
RICA will fundamentally challenge, reconceptualise and redefine core foundational assumptions of the regulatory state. Arm’s length governance and regulatory independence have become the cornerstone normative and institutional design principles of the European regulatory state. Regulatory credibility is premised on agency insulation from politics with major systemic implications in the form of a r ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

The evolutionary ecology of bacterial immune mechanisms (EVOIMMECH)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2021,

Bacteria have a range of immune mechanisms, but it is unclear why this diverse armamentarium evolved. The most important immune mechanisms are (1) Surface Modification (SM) (2) Abortive infection (Abi) (3) Restriction Modification (R-M) (4) CRISPR-Cas and (5) prokaryotic Argonaute (pAgo), all of which can occur as stand-alone mechanisms or in combination. The individual mechanisms differ in key as ...
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 2

 EN COURS 
The horse provided us with rapid transportation, an almost unrivaled secondary product that tremendously impacted the politico-economical trajectory of our societies, revolutionizing the circulation of ideas, people, languages, religions and communication. Horse chariotry and cavalry also changed warfare and beyond the battlefield new equestrian technologies have stimulated agricultural productivi ...
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 2

 EN COURS 
‘Consistency’ is regularly cited as a desirable attribute of border control, but it has received little critical social scientific attention. This inter-disciplinary project, at the inter-face between critical human geography, border studies and law, will scrutinise the consistency of European asylum adjudication in order to develop richer theoretical understanding of this lynchpin concept. It wil ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
While some people may simply lack relevant factual knowledge, others may actively hold incorrect beliefs. These factual beliefs that are not supported by clear evidence and expert opinion are what scholars call misperceptions (Nyhan and Reifler 2010). This project is principally about misperceptions—the “facts” that people believe that simply are not true. What misperceptions do Europeans hold on ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Law, Authority and Learning in Imami Shi'ite Islam (LAWALISI)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2021,

The academic study of Islamic law has, so far, almost exclusively focused on Sunni legal thought. The legal thought and practice of Shi’ite (and other) traditions has been neglected, and this has created a rather skewed account of the history of Islamic law. This project aims to rectify this inadequacy by producing a body of research in which the Imami Shi’ite contribution to Islamic legal history ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Marine Renewable Infrastructure Network for Enhancing Technologies 2 (MARINET2)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 30 juin 2021,

Integrating activities planned under MaRINET 2 build upon the achievements of the advanced community created in MaRINET FP7. MaRINET 2 will ensure the continued integration and enhancement of all leading European research infrastructure and facilities specialising in research, development and testing of offshore renewable energy systems including electrical sub systems and grid integration through ...
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 39

 EN COURS 

Accretion, Winds, and Evolution of Spins and Magnetism of Stars (AWESoMeStars)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2016, Date de fin: 30 juin 2021,

This project focuses on Sun-like stars, which possess convective envelopes and universally exhibit magnetic activity (in the mass range 0.1 to 1.3 MSun). The rotation of these stars influences their internal structure, energy and chemical transport, and magnetic field generation, as well as their external magnetic activity and environmental interactions. Due to the huge range of timescales, spatia ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
The cycling of carbon between the biosphere and the atmosphere is mediated by its transformation and flux through ecosystems. Atmospheric CO2 is fixed by photosynthesis, exchanged between organisms via their interactions, and re-emitted to the atmosphere through the by-products of their metabolism (CO2). These metabolic processes are inherently temperature dependent, and consequently there is pote ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Optical Infrared Coordination Network for Astronomy (OPTICON)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

Europe has become a global leader in optical-near infrared astronomy through excellence in space and ground-based experimental and theoretical research. While the major infrastructures are delivered through major national and multi-national agencies (ESO, ESA) their continuing scientific competitiveness requires a strong community of scientists and technologists distributed across Europe’s nations ...
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 34

 EN COURS 
Chirality is a fundamental property of life, making chiral sensing and analysis crucial to numerous scientific subfields of biology, chemistry, and medicine, and to the pharmaceutical, chemical, cosmetic, and food industries, constituting a market of 10s of billion €, and growing.Despite the tremendous importance of chiral sensing, its application remains very limited, as chiroptical signals are t ...
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 8

 EN COURS 

Understanding and exploiting the insect P450 resistome (P450RESIST)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2016, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

Insect resistance to synthetic insecticides and the anti-herbivore defence chemicals produced by many plants is an ongoing challenge to sustainable pest management while also an exceptional model system to study adaptive evolution. The cytochrome P450s are a superfamily of enzymes that are ubiquitous in nature, and one of the most important enzyme families used by insects to defend themselves agai ...
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 2

 EN COURS 
CRESCENDO brings together seven Earth System Modelling (ESM) groups with three Integrated Assessment Modelling teams, as well as experts in ESM evaluation, ESM projection and feedback analysis, climate impacts and science communication to address the following goals; (i) improve the process-realism and simulation-quality of European ESMs in order to increase the reliability of future Earth system ...
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 25

 EN COURS 

Training on Remote Sensing for Ecosystem modElling (TRuStEE)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2016, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2020,

Understanding and predicting ecosystem functions remains a major challenge in evaluating ecosystem services and biophysical controls on biosphere-atmosphere interactions, as current dynamic vegetation models are still not capable of grasping the spatial and temporal variability in ecosystem processes. Remote sensing (RS) data at a range of scales from proximal observations to global extent samplin ...
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 10

 EN COURS 

Becoming Muslim: Conversion to Islam and Islamisation in Eastern Ethiopia (BM)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2020,

"Why do people convert to Islam? The contemporary relevance of this question is immediately apparent."Becoming Muslim" will transform our knowledge about Islamisation processes and contexts through archaeological research in Harar, Eastern Ethiopia, and examine this in comparison to other regions in sub-Saharan Africa via publication and a major conference. Assessing genuine belief is difficult, b ...
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 3

 EN COURS 
Microbes form intricate communities where multiple strains and species communicate cooperate and compete, they can cause life-threatening diseases and destroy our food sources. Metabolism is key to these interactions, yet the way microbes acquire and utilise nutrients is often overlooked in evolutionary studies of pathogenicity, virulence and antibiotic resistance. I will address this by quantifyi ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
PROTEGO arises out of a fundamental claim: procedural regulatory instruments have causal effects on the performance of political systems because they trigger accountability towards different stakeholders. The mix of policy instruments may be functional or dysfunctional, depending on how accountability mechanisms are combined. This project provides a theoretical rationale to capture the accountabil ...
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 2

 EN COURS 

Evolutionary genetics of guppy sex chromosomes (GUPPYSEX)

Date du début: 1 août 2016, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2020,

I propose an integrated programme of molecular genetic studies to fill fundamental gaps in our knowledge of sex chromosome evolution. Specifically, I will use a fish, the guppy (Poecilia reticulata), to test the sexual antagonism (SA) hypothesis of sex chromosome evolution, which is plausible, but lacks direct evidence. SA mutations (that benefit one sex but lower fitness of the other) are propose ...
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 2

 EN COURS 
The BlueHealth Consortium brings together a multi-disciplinary team of experts reaching across all 28 European Union countries. The proposed 4.5 year BlueHealth Project takes an international, interdisciplinary and multi-sector approach to health promotion and disease prevention by investigating the relationship between the EU’s ‘blue infrastructure’ and the health and well-being of its citizens. ...
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 13

 EN COURS 
The gas and dust discs around young stars are thought to be the birthplace of planetary systems and are a key area to study if further progress is to be made on understanding the history of our solar system and our own origins. Once planets have formed in these discs, they dynamically sculpt their environment, for instance by opening tidally-cleared gaps or triggering spiral arms and disc warps. T ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Clean energy from ocean waves (CEFOW)

Date du début: 1 juin 2015, Date de fin: 31 mai 2020,

The most advanced wave power demonstrations today have showed the feasibility of power generation with single device deployments and MW-scale performance within several testing periods of several years. The next step beyond this is to deploy multiple wave energy converters in MW-scale with improved power generation capability and demonstrate that they are able to survive rough sea conditions over ...
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 10

 EN COURS 
Land, food, energy, water and climate are interconnected, comprising a coherent system (the ‘Nexus’), dominated by complexity and feedback. The integrated management of the Nexus is critical to secure the efficient and sustainable use of resources. Barriers to a resource efficient Europe are policy inconsistencies and incoherence, knowledge gaps, especially regarding integration methodologies and ...
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 28

 EN COURS 
The current mining paradigm promotes extraction from large ‘world-class’ deposits that have required innovations in mining techniques to deal with low grades, large infrastructure to deal with high throughputs and large feasibility studies to prove long-term commercial viability. High investment in operations is no longer available in the current economic climate and many small companies have ceas ...
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 12

 EN COURS 

Integrated Climate forcing and Air pollution Reduction in Urban Systems (ICARUS)

Date du début: 1 mai 2016, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2020,

ICARUS will develop innovative tools for urban impact assessment in support of air quality and climate change governance in the EU. This will lead to designing and implementing win-win strategies to improve the air quality and reduce the carbon footprint in European cities. An integrated approach will be used for air pollution monitoring and assessment combining ground-based measurements, atmosphe ...
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 18

 EN COURS 
RESCCUE aims to deliver a framework enabling city resilience assessment, planning and management by integrating into software tools new knowledge related to the detailed water-centred modelling of strategic urban services performance into a comprehensive resilience platform. These tools will assess urban resilience from a multisectorial approach, for current and future climate change scenarios and ...
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 18

 EN COURS 
Five of the 20 raw materials identified by the European Commission as critical are commonly found in association with alkaline rocks and carbonatites (heavy and light rare earth elements, niobium, fluorspar, and phosphate). Other elements increasingly important for ‘hi-tech’ applications, and found in these rocks include hafnium (Hf), tantalum (Ta), scandium (Sc) and zirconium (Zr). In fact, there ...
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 12

 EN COURS 

INter-sectoral Health Environment Research for InnovaTions (INHERIT)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2016, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2019,

The overarching aim of INHERIT is to define effective inter-sectoral policies and interventions that promote health and well being across the social gradient by tackling key environmental stressors and related inequalities in the areas of living, consuming and moving.INHERIT will bring together relevant stakeholders from different sectors, including the private sector. It will support inter-sector ...
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 19

 EN COURS 
Environmental microbial surveys have revealed a remarkable diversity of microeukaryotic life in most ecosystems, the majority of which had previously escaped detection. From an ecological point of view this work highlighted our ignorance of critical microbial players in natural environmental processes, including primary production, biogeochemical cycling and trophic interactions such as parasitism ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 

Collective Excitations in Advanced Nanostructures (CoExAN)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2019,

This project aims to develop, fabricate, theoretically and experimentally study carbon based nano-circuits which are able to generate, detect and process broadband electromagnetic (EM) signals. The carbon nanoscale EM sources can be based, in particular, on Cherenkov radiation emerging when electrons move inside carbon nanotubes (CNTs) or between spatially separated graphene sheets. The frequency ...
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 5

 TERMINÉ 

Responsible Research and Innovation in Practice (RRI-Practice)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2019,

The RRI-Practice project will bring together a unique group of international experts in RRI to understand the barriers and drivers to the successful implementation of RRI both in European and global contexts; to promote reflection on organisational structures and cultures of research conducting and research funding organisations; and to identify and support best practices to facilitate the uptake ...
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 13

 TERMINÉ 

Open Sea Operating Experience to Reduce Wave Energy Cost (OPERA)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2016, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2019,

Europe is endowed with abundant wave energy which could cover some 10% of its electricity needs with a clean, predictable and job-creating resource, which EU companies are at the forefront exploiting with little dependence on foreign suppliers.There remain important technical challenges to bring down costs to within investors’ reach, as a top priority open-sea operating experience must be analyse ...
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 12

 TERMINÉ 

Optimizing and Enhancing the Integrated Atlantic Ocean Observing System (AtlantOS)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2015, Date de fin: 30 juin 2019,

The overarching objective of AtlantOS is to achieve a transition from a loosely-coordinated set of existing ocean observing activities to a sustainable, efficient, and fit-for-purpose Integrated Atlantic Ocean Observing System (IAOOS), by defining requirements and systems design, improving the readiness of observing networks and data systems, and engaging stakeholders around the Atlantic; and leav ...
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 63

 TERMINÉ 

Critical Transitions in Complex Systems (CRITICS)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2015, Date de fin: 31 mars 2019,

Complex systems research has been on the forefront of scientific priorities of many national research councils and the EU for more than a decade. Many very interesting phenomena have been identified and explored, but the development of the underpinning mathematical theory has been lagging behind. The proposed training network builds on an emerging development in applied mathematics to provide prop ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

The Epistemology of Data-Intensive Science (DATA SCIENCE)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2019,

"This project aims to develop a new ‘philosophy of data-intensive science’ that clarifies how research practices are changing in the digital age, and examines how this affects current understandings of scientific epistemology within the philosophy of science and beyond.The scale of scientific data production has massively increased in recent times, raising urgent questions about how scientists are ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Multidisciplinary Approaches to Translational Research In Conduct Syndromes (MATRICS)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2019,

Conduct Disorder (CD) is the key paediatric disorder characterized by severe aggression. It is heterogeneous, and our understanding of the neurobiology to subtype aggression is limited. MATRICS is a multidisciplinary consortium of academic partners and SMEs that focuses on the subtyping of aggression both within CD and of the broader cross-disorder trait of aggression. MATRICS will test the hypoth ...
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 21

 TERMINÉ 

The origins of stellar properties (STELLARPROP)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2019,

"Less than a century ago it was realised that stars are still forming in our Galaxy today. Over the decades since, the questions of what physical processes dominate the star formation process and how the statistical properties of stars are determined have been some of the key questions in astrophysics. Recently, I have advanced numerical simulations of star formation to the point that, for the f ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

The Evolution of Cognitive Performance (EVOCOGN)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2019,

"I aim to determine how cognitive abilities evolve under natural selection; one of the most important, yet poorly understood issues in modern biology. Comparative studies inform us how species differ, and hence, one can infer selective pressures. However, studies of how heritable inter-individual cognitive differences determine fitness in the face of natural selection are absent. I will use method ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Validation of Integrated Safety-enhanced Intelligent flight cONtrol (VISION)

Date du début: 1 mars 2016, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2019,

To enhance air transport safety, the main objective of VISION is to validate smarter technologies for aircraft Guidance, Navigation and Control (GN&C) by including 1/ vision-based systems 2/ advanced detection and resilient methods. Critical flight situations are targeted, especially during near-ground operation phases (half of 169 fatal accidents in the last decade during approach or landing). Ac ...
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 6

 TERMINÉ 
Plans for economic and monetary integration in the European Union call for fundamental changes in fiscal relations among EU member states and other countries. The 2012 Blueprint for the European Monetary Union (EMU) calls for deeper integration of fiscal policies at the level of domestic EU members, including establishing EU own-source revenues. The 2013 Social Dimension of the EMU emphasizes that ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

DIabetes REsearCh on patient sTratification (DIRECT)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2012, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2019,

The overarching aims of the DIRECT consortium, consisting of 20 leading academic groups in diabetes and 5 EFPIA companies, are to identify biomarkers that address current bottlenecks in diabetes drug development and to develop a stratified medicines approach to treatment of type 2 diabetes with either existing or novel therapies.There is heterogeneity in who develops diabetes, the rate at which th ...
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