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23 projets européens trouvés

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 TERMINÉ 
There are many examples in nature where inter-individual variability in life-history traits is exploited as an adaptive strategy. I and others have shown that inter-individual variability in the longevity pathways –and in particular, in stress response genes- has consequences for genetic/environmental phenotypic robustness as well as for lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans. My main interest is to u ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
A major accomplishment of modern society is the extension of human life expectancy. However, this creates a new challenge for medical science, to facilitate healthy ageing. With age, the function of the immune system declines, rendering older people more susceptible to infections and less able to benefit from vaccination. Indeed, improving vaccine efficacy is key to reducing infection-related mor ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver malignancy, with an estimated 750,000 new cases and 695,000 deaths per year, rating third in incidence and mortality in the world. Whilst incidence and mortality for other cancers are declining, HCC represents an increasing public health problem in Europe with men having a higher incidence than women. Several liver diseases lead to HCC and be ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 

Deciphering PI3K biology in health and disease (Phd)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2015, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2019,

The Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is at the core of multiple fundamental biological processes controlling metabolism, protein synthesis, cell growth, survival, and migration. This inevitably leads to the involvement of the PI3K signalling pathway in a number of different diseases, ranging from inflammation and diabetes to cancer, with PI3K pathway alterations present in almost 80% of hu ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

European Network linking informatics and genomics of helper T cells (ENLIGHT-TEN)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2019,

ENLIGHT-TEN is a European Network Linking Informatics and Genomics of Helper T cells: our mission is to provide cross-disciplinary training in cellular immunology and big data analysis such that we train a new generation of researchers to fully exploit the power of emerging technological platforms. Our network of TEN beneficiaries combines T cell expertise with state-of-the-art technologies such a ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Leading Innovative measures to reach gender Balance in Research Activities (LIBRA)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 31 mars 2019,

The main goals of LIBRA are to implement innovative Gender Equality Plans (GEPs) that will empower women researchers to achieve successful careers in science, remove gender barriers and biases at an institutional level, and raise awareness of gender aspects in the experimental design of pre-clinical research projects. To achieve these goals we will: 1) conduct an initial external assessment of eac ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 
"The spatial organization of the genome inside the cell nucleus is tissue-specific and has been linked to several nuclear processes including gene activation, gene silencing, genomic imprinting, gene co-regulation, genome maintenance, DNA replication, DNA repair, chromosomal translocations and X chromosome inactivation. In fact, just about any nuclear/genome function has a spatial component that h ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Dissecting the epigenetic control of totipotency. (TOTIPOTENCY2014)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2016, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2017,

One of the most critical epigenetic and chromatin remodelling processes in mammalian development occurs shortly after fertilization restoring totipotency. Due to limited cell numbers and lack of experimentally tractable systems, the mechanisms and regulation of this developmental stage are poorly understood. This proposal will provide important mechanistic insights into the epigenetic control of e ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Mitotis-induced entosis and its role in cancer (ENTOSIS2013)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2014, Date de fin: 1 avr. 2017,

... significance of mitosis-induced entosis in human cancer4) Relevance of entosis to anti-mitotic cancer therapiesThe host lab is one of a few groups globally with experience in studying entosis and the Babraham Institute provides a rich research environment, with state of the art equipment. I will bring my key preliminary data and >10 years experience in biochemical/cell biological studies to aid th ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

SYSTEMS BIOLOGY OF PATHWAYS INVOLVING BRAIN AGEING (AGEDBRAINSYSBIO)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2013, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2016,

In spite of valuable approaches applied to get a broad understanding of genetic, epidemiologic and molecular and system-level biological principles of human aging, cognitive decline remains as one of the greatest health challenges of the old age, with nearly 50% of adults over 85 afflicted of Alzheimer’s disease. Furthermore, drug development has not performed as expected in clinical trials, at le ...
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 15

 TERMINÉ 
This proposal aims to study the interactions between specialised cells of the immune system, the intra-epithelial cells (IELs) which are ideally positioned in close proximity of the epithelial cells, and the intestinal microbiota.It aims to provide insights into how IELs are able to maintain tolerance to beneficial bacteria while enhancing immune responses against undesirable ones. This will be ac ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

A BLUEPRINT of Haematopoietic Epigenomes (BLUEPRINT)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2011, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2016,

In response to the call for a high impact initiative on the human epigenome, the BLUEPRINT Consortium has been formed with the aim of generating at least 100 reference epigenomes and studying them to advance and exploit knowledge of the underlying biological processes and mechanisms in health and disease. BLUEPRINT will focus on distinct types of haematopoietic cells from healthy individuals and o ...
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 45

 TERMINÉ 
"Cancer is a complex disease involving multiple genetic and epigenetic events occurring, and influencing each other, over a long period of time. Understanding cancer, and ultimately developing effective targeted therapies, will therefore require that mutations and epigenetic alterations be systematically investigated during the multiple stages of disease development, from identifiable pre-neoplast ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 
"The aim of this ITN is to promote research and training in the field of epigenetics associated with human disease. Expression of imprinted genes is mono-allelic and gamete of origin-dependent. This is due to different epigenetic modifications present on the maternal and paternal chromosomes. Failure in normal establishment, maintenance or erasure of these marks results in gene dosage dysregulatio ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

Epigenetics towards systems biology (EPIGENESYS)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2010, Date de fin: 31 mars 2016,

The ‘EpiGeneSys’ Network of Excellence aims to enable European epigenetics research to enter the arena of systems biology, a new step forward with major implications for human health. Many diseases, not explained solely by gene mutation, have rather been associated with epigenetic disorders. Following the identification of key epigenetic regulators, a move towards a systems biology approach is nee ...
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 28

 TERMINÉ 
"The immune system is a biological defence against diseases including virus and bacterial infections. A type of white blood cell, B cell, is causative for production of antibodies, key effectors to identify and neutralize viruses or bacteria. B cell can produce high affinity antibodies rapidly upon re-exposure to the same infectious agent, making B cell a key player for immunological memory, a pri ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
The Affinomics programme aims to leverage existing efforts in Europe to generate large-scale resources of validated protein-binding molecules (‘binders’) as affinity reagents for characterisation of the human proteome and to apply them in comprehensive structural and functional analyses of protein expression, interactions and complexes. Proteome targets will be focused on five categories of inter- ...
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 20

 TERMINÉ 

Synaptic Systems: dissecting brain function in health and disease (SYNSYS)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2010, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2014,

Major disorders of the Central Nervous System (CNS) affect one in three people in the developed world, often seriously disable the affected individual, and together account for the single largest burden on the healthcare systems of the EU. Most of these disorders act at the neuronal synapse, a cellular organelle comprising in the order of 2000 proteins. Pleiotropy, cross-talk between proteins and ...
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 19

 TERMINÉ 
Lipids are central to the regulation and control of cellular processes by acting as basic building units for biomembranes, the platforms for the vast majority of cellular functions. Recent developments in lipid mass spectrometry have set the scene for a completely new way to understand the composition of membranes, cells and tissues in space and time by allowing the precise identification and quan ...
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 27

 TERMINÉ 

a Study of the Epigenetic Alterations that Result in Cardiac Hypertrophy (SEARCH)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2010, Date de fin: 31 mars 2012,

"Heart failure is a major cause of mortality and morbidity, and often the consequence of pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Upon entering hypertrophy, cells undergo a vast transcriptional remodelling, with thousands of genes being either up- or down-regulated. In the last years it became evident that epigenetic modifications are an important determinant of transcriptional changes, and several lines ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Macrophages are key players in the front line of our immune system, responsible primarily for the recognition and destruction of bacterial and fungal pathogens. However, they are also involved in various inflammatory pathologies. Membrane receptors of chemokines control many aspects of macrophages functions by stimulating various 2nd messenger systems, important amongst these are PI3Ks and Ca2+. H ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Biobanking and Biomolecular Resources Research Infrastructure (BBMRI)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2008, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2011,

The Preparatory Phase for a pan-European Biobanking and Biomolecular Resources Research Infrastructure (BBMRI) will focus on technical, legal, governance, and financial issues to • prepare to construct BBMRI, building on existing biobanks, resources and technologies, specifically complemented with innovative components and properly embedded into European scientific, ethical, legal and societal fra ...
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 55

 TERMINÉ 

The role of Kcnk9 imprinting in development and disease (Kcnk9 imprinting)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2008, Date de fin: 30 juin 2010,

Genomic imprinting is the epigenetic marking of a subset of genes which results in monoallelic or predominant expression of one of the two parental alleles according to their parental origin. In my previous work, I discovered the imprinted expression of the Kcnk9 gene in mice and humans. Kcnk9 is a member of the two-pore (2P)-domain K+ channel family and encodes for the potassium channel protein T ...
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 1