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29 projets européens trouvés

Recherche sur 125080 projets européens

 EN COURS 

Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes (BLACKHOLECAM)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2014, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2020,

Gravity is successfully described by Einstein’s theory of general relativity (GR), governing the structure of our entire universe. Yet it remains the least understood of all forces in nature, resisting unification with quantum physics. One of the most fundamental predictions of GR are black holes (BHs). Their defining feature is the event horizon, the surface that light cannot escape and where tim ...
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 6

 TERMINÉ 
"The proposal describes a project to deliver a comprehensive evaluation of the relationship between unemployment and social stratification in Europe and North America. The project’s core goal is to provide empirical estimates of the causal impact of unemployment on four critical domains of social life, namely household incomes, demographic behaviour, educational attainment, as well as social integ ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"This project aims at elucidating fundamental neural computations underlying language processing. While we have gained enormous insights into the localization of language in the brain and the temporal sequence of language processes (e.g., syntactic vs. semantic), we know very little about the actual computations underlying language processing. I propose that the framework of predictive coding can ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Neutron cAptUres consTraIning steLlar nUcleosynthesiS (NAUTILUS)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2014, Date de fin: 31 mars 2019,

"NAUTILUS will investigate the nucleosynthesis of the chemical elements during the evolution of stars, which is the basis for understanding the chemical history of the Universe. The vast majority of the elements heavier than iron are produced by neutron capture reactions. The precise knowledge of the involved neutron capture cross sections for certain isotopes sets tight limits for stellar paramet ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

analyse Soluble + Membrane complexes with Improved LILBID Experiments (a SMILE)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2014, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2019,

Crucial processes within cells depend on specific non-covalent interactions which mediate the assembly of proteins and other biomolecules. Deriving structural information to understand the function of these complex systems is the primary goal of Structural Biology.In this application, the recently developed LILBID method (Laser Induced Liquid Bead Ion Desorption) will be optimized for investigatio ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Function and production of secondary metabolites (PROSECMET)

Date du début: 1 mars 2013, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2018,

"Secondary metabolites (SMs) of bacterial origin play a pivotal role in modern therapy of various diseases. Whole-genome sequencing projects have revealed that all SM producing organisms have the capacity to produce many more compounds than reported from the respective strains. Despite their importance and their broad use in medicine, we hardly know anything about (i) the natural function of these ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Metastability of proteins during tumor metastasis (MetaMeta)

Date du début: 1 mars 2013, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2018,

Mutational heterogeneity bestows tumors with the phenotypic plasticity and adaptability required for expansion. On the other hand, mutations destabilize proteins – lower stability (metastability) of the tumor proteome must be the inevitable consequence. We set out to systematically investigate this biochemical aspect of metastasis aiming to uncover and therapeutically exploit specific vulnerabilit ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
The ageing of the European population represents a rapidly rising social and economic challenge. Especially cardiovascular morbidity increases with age, but unfortunately, elderly patients are often difficult to diagnose due to confounding factors, leading to uncertainties in clinical decision making with huge impact on patients’ outcomes. Hence, there is an unmet need for novel biomarkers for mor ...
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 22

 TERMINÉ 

Molecular basis of the outer membrane permeability (TRANSLOCATION)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2013, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2017,

Overcoming the barriers that the cell envelope and efflux pumps provide to Gram-negative bacteria is a major bottleneck in the discovery and development of new antibiotics. To respond to this Call we are extending our current network on antibiotic translocation and propose an ambitious project ranging from identification of novel resistance mechanisms in clinical bacterial isolates to crystallizat ...
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 28

 TERMINÉ 

solving CHAllenges in Nuclear DAta (CHANDA)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2013, Date de fin: 30 nov. 2017,

"The CHANDA project main objective is to address the challenges in the field of nuclear data for nuclear applications and its acronym stands for solving CHAllenges in Nuclear DAtaThe project will prepare a proposal for an organization that will coordinate the nuclear data research program, and the infrastructures and capabilities of the EU Member States in a stable structure, well integrated with ...
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 35

 TERMINÉ 

Multi-frequency multi-mode Terahertz screening for border checks (TERASCREEN)

Date du début: 1 mai 2013, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2017,

Security checks at borders are required to be increasingly thorough and fast. There are currently two types of technologies available for this application: those that automatically detect objects concealed on a person, and those that rely on human operator analysis and interpretation in order to classify or identify body-borne threats.The objective of TeraSCREEN is to combine these two capabiliti ...
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 12

 TERMINÉ 

All Rights Reserved? Barriers towards EUropean CITIZENship (BEUCITIZEN)

Date du début: 1 mai 2013, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2017,

The European Court of Justice expects European citizenship to become the fundamental status of nationals of the Member States. It ‘lies at the heart of the European integration process’. The treaties, legislation, and case law have given Europeans an increasing number of rights. Yet the European Commission complains that these remain underused. Therefore, it has included in FP7 a call for a large- ...
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 28

 TERMINÉ 
The identification of degradation pathways relevant for organic micropollutants in biological wastewater treatment processes is currently a major gap, preventing a profound evaluation of the capability of biological wastewater treatment. By elucidating the responsible enzymatic reactions of mixed microbial populations this project will cover this gap and thereby allow finding technical solutions t ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 

Hyper-Spectral Imaging and Sensing in the THz Frequency Range (HYPERIAS)

Date du début: 1 mars 2013, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2017,

"HYPERIAN seeks to exploit the advantages of combining efficient THz generation from tuneable sources with direct detection using silicon CMOS technology to construct a THz system for hyper-spectral imaging and identification of materials, including explosives in near-field and stand-off modes. Hyper-spectral imaging within HYPERIAS will be supported by activities in the area of imaging algorithms ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 
"The project is the first comprehensive study to assess contemporary parenting norms and practices and their diffusion. The project develops a comparative framework to study prevalent motherhood and fatherhood norms, images, identities and behaviour in current societies. The project will focus on how parenting roles are constructed by professionals, welfare states, and popular media, and will asse ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Xenophagy and bacterial avoidance (XABA)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2012, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2016,

"Autophagy is an essential process that enables cells to engulf and digest portions of their cytoplasm, thereby accomplishing quality and quantity control of organelles, proteins and pathogens. These homeostatic and adaptive function intricately link autophagy to diverse health and disease states including innate immunity. Microbial pathogens that successfully parasitize eukaryotic cells have evol ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

CLOUD Initial Training Network (CLOUD TRAIN) (CLOUD-TRAIN)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2012, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2016,

"The aim of “CLOUD-TRAIN” is to establish a multi-site network of Early Stage Researchers (here predominantly PhD students) and Experienced Researchers at 10 partner institutions across Europe. The role of aerosol nucleation for atmospheric CCN levels, clouds and climate is investigated. The influence of various vapours and ions for aerosol nucleation, growth and cloud processes is studied to sign ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

Phase transitions and computational complexity (PTCC)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2011, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2016,

"This is a project in the area of Theoretical Computer Science, particularly discrete algorithms and computational complexity. Many Constraint Satisfaction Problems (`CSPs') such as Boolean satisfiability or graph coloring are well-known to be NP-hard, i.e., the worst-case computation time to solve these problems is exponential in the size of the problem instance. To illuminate the conceptual or ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

The Role of Preferences and Institutions in Economic Transitions (Transitions)

Date du début: 1 mars 2011, Date de fin: 31 août 2016,

Periods of economic transitions are often unsettling due to the breathtaking speed of changes in economic conditions. Then again, transitions also bear major chances to establish new orders. This project analyzes how dramatic changes in institutions during transition periods shape not only the economic behavior, but also the preferences of people. It focuses on two specific transition episodes, na ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Cells sense, affect and respond to their environment through the fundamental function of adhesion. Several types of adhesion sites, which are mediated via dynamically maintained multi-protein structures, anchor extracellular-matrix proteins to the cytoskeleton. Despite considerable efforts, the long-standing questions of how adhesion sites are formed, structured and regulated remain unanswered. In ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Dynamics on polygonal billiard tables is best understood by unfolding the table and studying the resulting flat surface. The moduli space of flat surfaces carries a natural action of SL(2,R) and all the questions about Lie group actions on homogeneous spaces reappear in thisnon-homogeneous setting in an even more interesting way.Closed SL(2,R)-orbits give rise to totally geodesicsubvarieties of th ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Energy Transfer in Supramolecular Nanostructures (EASE)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2012, Date de fin: 30 juin 2015,

The primary aim of this project is to substantially expand the frontiers of current investigations on synthetic polymers for photovoltaic applications by in silico studying new supramolecular assemblies. The main features of efficient natural photosynthetic centres will be used to understand how to improve artificial devices. One of the key issues which this proposal addresses is the inherent diff ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Ubiquitin (Ub) is a small modifier that labels proteins in a highly specific manner. Like phosphorylation, modification of proteins by Ub is prevalent in the majority of cellular processes. An increasing number of distinct functions have been assigned to different types of ubiquitin modifications (monoUb and different Lys-linked chains). Moreover, aberrations in the ubiquitin system underlie many ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Functions of the midbody ring in embryogenesis and tumorigenesis (CYTODEV)

Date du début: 1 mai 2013, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2015,

There is ample evidence for important roles of cytokinesis in animal development besides ensuring faithful division of daughter cells. However, these additional functions and their mechanistic basis are not well understood. With the work proposed here we will elucidate roles of cytokinesis in differentiation and tumorigenesis. We will focus on the function of the midbody ring (MR), a protein-dense ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Regulating Retail Finance (RRF)

Date du début: 1 mai 2009, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2015,

"The proposed research falls into the fields of microeconomic theory and finance. The research team will develop novel modeling approaches that are suitable to study the scope and nature of (optimal) regulation in the retail financial industry, serving private households investment, savings and borrowing needs. Next to this, there is also the goal to use a rich set of locally available data that ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Crystalline Undulator: Theory and Experiment (CUTE)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2011, Date de fin: 31 mars 2015,

The project aims to facilitate the collaborative research towards theory, design, manufacture and experimental tests of high-quality periodically bent crystalline structures as well as theoretical and experimental studies of the radiation formed in crystalline undulators.The idea of the crystalline undulator is based on the channeling phenomenon. Its advantage is in extremely strong electrostatic ...
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 4

 TERMINÉ 
This project aims at identifying genes involved in pathogenicity and virulence of Ascochyta spp., the causal agents of ascochyta blight in legumes. Legumes are economically and agronomically important crops for sustainable agriculture in the European community, that have a very high potential for human and animal nutrition and the potential to fix atmospheric nitrogen. However, diseases, and espec ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

microRNAs in vascular homeostasis (ANGIOMIRS)

Date du début: 1 mars 2009, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2014,

Despite improved therapy, cardiovascular diseases remain the most prevalent diseases in the European Union and the incidence is rising due to increased obesity and ageing. The fine-tuned regulation of vascular functions is essential not only for preventing atherosclerotic diseases, but also after tissue injury, where the coordinated growth and maturation of new blood vessels provides oxygen and nu ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"The project aims to reconstruct the emergence of a new conception of practical reason in Kant’s work and to shed light on its philosophical meaning. Although the notion of the practical reason still holds a significance in the contemporary debate in moral philosophy, Kant’s innovative introduction of the notion in the vocabulary of modern ethics has not been specifically investigated yet. There i ...
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 1