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30 projets européens trouvés

Recherche sur 125080 projets européens

 TERMINÉ 

Tracing ancient microbial cells embedded in silica (TRACES)

Date du début: 1 mai 2015, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2020,

Reconstructing the nature and habitat of early life is a difficult task that strongly depends on the study of rare microfossils in the ancient rock record. The preservation of such organic structures critically depends on rapid entombment in a mineral matrix. Throughout most of Earth’s history the oceans were silica-supersaturated, leading to precipitation of opal deposits that incorporated superb ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"The objectives of this proposal, PRISTINE (high PRecision ISotopic measurements of heavy elements in extra-Terrestrial materials: origIN and age of the solar system volatile Element depletion), are to develop new cutting edge high precision isotopic measurements to understand the origin of the Earth, Moon and solar system volatile elements and link their relative depletion in the different planet ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Ancient records of the geomagnetic field intensity provide the unique source of information on the evolution of the geodynamo. The paleomagnetic data contain a broad spectrum of dipole moment fluctuations with polarity reversals and excursions that typically occur during periods of very low field intensity, but the amplitude and the timing of the variations as well as critical features remain deba ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
The goal of the project is to take a major step in improving the detection and understanding of landslides and their modelling at the field scale through the analysis of generated seismic waves. The seismic signal generated by landslides (i. e. landquakes) provides a unique tool to estimate the properties of the flow and its dynamics. Indeed, the stress applied by the landslide to the ground, whic ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
... d in reliable ancient geological archives using cutting edge technologies and experimental approaches. In order to amplify this process the ESRs will be exposed to academic and non-academic high-tech institutions linking biogeochemical research and training in biology, ecology, geochemistry as well as chemical analytics to engineering and cutting edge analytical instrumentation. Multi- and interdi ...
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 14

 TERMINÉ 
The stable isotope geochemistry of chlorine (Cl) and bromine (Br) are considerably different. While most Cl isotope data are in the range from -1.21 to +0.40‰, Br isotope data are from -0.06 to +1.48‰. Interesting is that Br isotope variations are of the same magnitude as Cl isotope variations. Also Br isotope values of ancient evaporites are very positive (+0.6‰), impossible to explain from ocean ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
We propose to perform a wide spectrum of ionosphere-related research, from ionosphere seismology to ionospheric storms and GNSS/GPS performance during extreme ionospheric and space weather events. The main focus will be made on such rare subject as ionosphere seismology that aims to study ionosphere response to large earthquakes, to investigate the main properties of different kinds of ionospheric ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Life in Arsenic rich environments: a challenge or an opportunity? (AsLife)

Date du début: 1 mai 2016, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2018,

Arsenic is a notorious toxin, and as such may have exerted a strong selective pressure on the distribution and evolution of life on Earth. Despite evidence supporting the high levels and prominent role of As on the primitive Earth, the essentiality and toxicity of As, and its impact on evolutionary processes remains unexplored. AsLife aims at taking a novel approach to assessing microbial As cycli ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

ISOTOPIC TOOLS AS NOVEL SENSORS OF EARTH SURFACE RESOURCES (IsoNose)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2018,

Soil, water, and precious metals are major natural resources present at the Earth´s terrestrial surface and their efficient management is essential for future sustainable development. Their availability is regulated by massive biogeochemical transformations that take place as the chemical elements move from rock to soil, into plants, through ground water, into river water, and into ore deposits. T ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 
"ABYSS is a training and career development platform for young scientists in Geodynamics, Mineralogy, Hydrodynamics, Thermodynamics and (Bio-)Geochemistry focusing on mid-ocean ridge processes and their environmental and economic impacts. It brings together 10 European research groups internationally recognized for their excellence in complementary disciplines and 4 Associated Partners from the Pr ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

Anatolian pLateau climatE and Tectonic hazards (ALErT)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2013, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2017,

ALErT: Anatolian pLateau climatE and Tectonic hazards, is a virtual campus of 10 European academic and 5 industry partners in the fields of applied Earth sciences, natural hazard monitoring, and knowledge transfer. Our research focus is on the tectonic and climatic boundary conditions along the densely populated margins of the Central Anatolian Plateau, Turkey and associated natural hazards. Due t ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 

3D Full Waveform Inversion on seismic data at the East Pacific Rise (3DWISE)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2017,

The mid-ocean ridge system is the longest volcanic mountain chain that wraps around the Globe along which two plates have been separating and oceanic crust has been forming by highly active magmatic processes operating within and at the base of thus formed crust. It is believed that there is a strong link between these magmatic processes known at large spatial scales (1-100 km) and relatively loca ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Imaging earth's internal structure using full waveform tomography (WAVETOMO)

Date du début: 1 juin 2011, Date de fin: 31 mai 2017,

Since January 2011, the PI holds a faculty position at the Collège de France, this proposal will facilitate transferring and re-establishing her research program at IPG in Paris. The goal of the proposed research program is to investigate earth’s deep structure and dynamics using advanced seismological forward and inverse modeling techniques. The primary focus is on global and continental scale ma ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
The main objective of GUIDEnano is to develop innovative methodologies to evaluate and manage human and environmental health risks of nano-enabled products, considering the whole product life cycle. A strategy to identify hot spots for release of nanomaterials (NMs) will be followed by decision trees to guide on the use of (computational) exposure models and, when necessary, design of cost-effecti ...
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 34

 TERMINÉ 

NIckel DYnamics in impacted ultramaFIC Soils (NIDYFICS)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2013, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2017,

"The concept of the NIDYFICS project is to connect researchers in environmental geosciences for high level discussions and exchanges and for transfer of knowledge between European and Brazilian institutions. A key point is the training of young researchers in a promising research field by working with and sharing knowledge with experts.Pyrometallurgical process of metallic ores generates large amo ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 
With the aim of reducing anthropogenic CO2 emission in the atmosphere and subsequent climatic changes and ocean acidification, carbon capture and storage (CCS) in the deep subsurface has been envisaged as one of the mitigating solution. Its efficiency is currently evaluated at the Hellisheidi CO2 injection site in Iceland. This pilot site is implemented in the Hengill area (SW Iceland). This field ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

"Dynamic Landscapes, Coastal Environments and Human Dispersals" (DISPERSE)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2011, Date de fin: 31 mars 2016,

"We aim to understand the relationship between dynamic changes in physical landscapes and patterns of human dispersal and development in prehistory, paying particular attention to the impact of active tectonics and sea-level change. We will:• Introduce and develop concepts and techniques of tectonic geomorphology and mapping to analyse the relationship between geological instability, complex topog ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
The earthquake and seismology research, an intrinsically Global undertaking, addresses both fundamental problems in understanding Earth's internal wave sources and structures, and augment applications to societal concerns about natural hazards, energy resources, environmental change, and national security. This community is central in the European Plate Observing System (EPOS), the ESFRI initiativ ...
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 12

 TERMINÉ 

Towards continuous monitoring of the continuously changing Earth (Whisper)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2009, Date de fin: 30 juin 2015,

This project is focused on the use of the seismic ambient noise to monitor slight changes of properties in the solid Earth. Processing of noise records allow s to mimic a situation in which a perfectly repeatable source is activated at the location of a passive recorder. The implication is the detection of changes of strain at depth with applications in different contexts. A major field of applic ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
Scientific research is no longer conducted within national boundaries and is becoming increasing dependent on the large-scale analysis of data, generated from instruments or computer simulations housed in trans-national facilities, by using e Infrastructure (distributed computing and storage resources linked by high-performance networks).The 48 month EGI-InSPIRE project will continue the transitio ...
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 143

 TERMINÉ 
"The project concerns relating the lithospheric and deep mantle structures with the surface geology beneath the European continent.The investigations will be based on the rich digital sets of seismograms registered at the networks of European seismological stations such as the Virtual European Broadband Network. Using information from different types of seismic waves will provide complementary sam ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Quantitative Estimation of Earth's Seismic Sources and Structure (QUEST)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2009, Date de fin: 30 nov. 2013,

"Storing CO2 in the subsurface to reduce global warming, finding hydrocarbon and other resources and monitoring their extraction, generating energy with Earth’s internal heat, and forecasting natural hazards (earthquake-induced ground motion, volcanic eruptions) requires high-resolution tomographic images of the Earth’s interior. The main goal of QUEST is research and training in the development o ...
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 15

 TERMINÉ 

Deep Earth Chemistry of the Core (DECore)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2008, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2013,

Core formation represents the major chemical differentiation event on the terrestrial planets, involving the separation of a metallic liquid from the silicate matrix that subsequently evolves into the current silicate crust and mantle. The generation of the Earth’s magnetic field is ultimately tied to the segregation and crystallization of the core, and is an important factor in establishing plane ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Cratonic basins: an archive of lithosphere-mantle interaction (Cratonic basins)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2011, Date de fin: 31 mars 2013,

Fundamental to our understanding of the Earth is the theory of plate tectonics. This predicts that throughout the Earth’s history the continents have converged to form large continental assemblies and subsequently broken apart and dispersed. It is hypothesised that continents cyclically converge and disperse. Since the Precambrian, ~600 million years ago, there have been two supercontinents: Gondw ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Model driven Soil Probing, Site Assessment and Evaluation (ModelPROBE)

Date du début: 1 juin 2008, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2012,

Conventional techniques for site characterization are time consuming, cost intensive, and do not support decision making. Therefore, new techniques for step by step site characterization strategy with smart feed back loops are necessary. These will be able to support a future “soil framework directive”. Advanced geophysical site characterization techniques combined with new types of vegetation ana ...
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 17

 TERMINÉ 
... nfrastructureThe sustainability of the EU part of the e-Infrastructure being cared of by EGI, GISELA will concentrate on its LA component. The tasks, at each level of the e-Infrastructure are:•\tInstitution: Get all Services fully operational in the Resource Centre (RC);•\tCountry: Implement all Grid Operation Centre (GOC) Services;•\tContinent: Implement all Grid & Network Support Centres (GSC, N ...
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 31

 TERMINÉ 

The Deep Sea & Sub-Seafloor Frontier (DS³F)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2010, Date de fin: 30 juin 2012,

"The Deep Sea and Sub-Seafloor Frontier project (DS³F) provides a pathway towards sustainable management of oceanic resources on a European scale. It will develop subseafloor sampling strategies for enhanced understanding of deep-sea and subseafloor processes by connecting marine research in life and geosciences, climate and environmental change, with socio-economic issues and policy building. Sub ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

Enabling Grids for E-sciencE III (EGEE-III)

Date du début: 1 mai 2008, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2010,

A globally distributed computing Grid now plays an essential role for large-scale, data intensive science in many fields of research. The concept has been proven viable through the Enabling Grids for E-sciencE project (EGEE and EGEE-II, 2004-2008) and its related projects. EGEE-II is consolidating the operations and middleware of this Grid for use by a wide range of scientific communities, such as ...
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 167

 TERMINÉ 

E-SCIENCE GRID FACILITY FOR EUROPE AND LATIN AMERICA (EELA-2)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2008, Date de fin: 31 mars 2010,

EELA-2 aims to build, on the current EELA e-Infrastructure, a high capacity, production-quality, scalable Grid Facility providing round-the-clock, worldwide access to distributed computing, storage and network resources for a wide spectrum of applications from European and Latin American scientific communities. The project will provide an empowered Grid Facility with versatile services fulfilling ...
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 56

 TERMINÉ 
We propose to organise a series of workshops that will coordinate a fragmented European community that undertakes soil research so that we can fully understand what policy needs to be developed for the sustainability of European soils. Our results will directly feed into a FP7 application on the soil life cycle. Our vision is to develop integrated and quantitative models that describe the linkage ...
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 10