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39 projets européens trouvés

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 EN COURS 

Natural Toxins and Drinking Water Quality - From Source to Tap (NaToxAq)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

Clean drinking water is crucial to human health and wellbeing. The ambition of the NaToxAq ETN network is to expand the research basis for EU’s leading role in securing high quality drinking waters for its citizens. Focus is on natural toxins – a large group of emerging contaminants with unknown impact on drinking water resources. Both known toxins, like cyanotoxins, cyanogenic glucosides and terp ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 
"Agricultural production in Europe has significantly damaged soil and water resources, ecosystem biodiversity, socio-economic well-being and contributed to climate change. Expected further intensification of production to ensure food safety for population growth must be sustainable to minimise future impacts and negative externalities. This ETN addresses these challenges by training 15 early stage ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 
The objective of the caLIBRAte project is to establish a state-of-the-art versatile Risk Governance framework for assessment and management of human and environmental risks of MN and MN-enabled products. The framework will be a web-based “system-of-systems” linking different models and methods for: 1) screening of apparent and perceived risks and trends in nanotechnology, 2) control banding, quali ...
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 26

 TERMINÉ 

Nanomaterial FAte and Speciation in the Environment (NanoFASE)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2019,

Concept: NanoFASE will deliver an integrated Exposure Assessment Framework, including methods, parameter values, model and guidance that will allow Industry to assess the full diversity of industrial nano-enabled products to a standard acceptable in regulatory registrations. Methods to assess how use phases, waste streams and environmental compartments (air, soil, water biota) act as “reactors” in ...
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 39

 TERMINÉ 
The ability to predict rates and products of microbial biotransformation for a broad variety of chemical contaminants accurately is essential not only for chemical risk management but also in the context of contaminated site remediation or the development of green chemical alternatives. Existing prediction methods, however, fall short of fulfilling these needs mostly because they base predictions ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
AQUACROSS aims to support EU efforts to enhance the resilience and stop the loss of biodiversity of aquatic ecosystems as well as to ensure the ongoing and future provision of aquatic ecosystem services. It focuses on advancing the knowledge base and application of the ecosystem-based management concept for aquatic ecosystems by developing cost effective measures and integrated management practice ...
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 16

 TERMINÉ 
"SOLUTIONS will deliver a conceptual framework for the evidence-based development of environmental and water policies. This will integrate innovative chemical and effect-based monitoring tools with a full set of exposure, effect and risk models and assessment options. Uniquely, SOLUTIONS taps (i) expertise of leading European scientists of major FP6/FP7 projects on chemicals in the water cycle, (i ...
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 41

 TERMINÉ 

Cost Effective Neural Technique for Alleviation of Urban Flood Risk (CENTAUR)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2018,

The project will develop a radically new market ready approach to RTC of sewer networks with the aim of reducing local flood risk in urban areas. Existing RTC pilot projects (e.g. Vienna, Dresden, Aarhus) are characterised by complex sensor networks, linked to centralised control systems governed by calibrated hydrodynamic modelling tools and fed by radar rainfall technology. Such systems are expe ...
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 7

 TERMINÉ 
The municipal wastewater in Europe contains a potential chemical energy of 87,500 GWh per year in its organic fraction, which is equivalent to the output of 12 large power stations. Due to the currently applied technologies and related energy loss at each process step, wastewater treatment in Europe today consumes instead the equivalent of more than 2 power stations. Many operators are thus target ...
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 16

 TERMINÉ 

Quantifying Uncertainty in Integrated Catchment Studies (QUICS)

Date du début: 1 juin 2014, Date de fin: 31 mai 2018,

"The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is the most significant EU legislation concerning surface water management. Programs of Measures are required to ensure water bodies achieve a good ecological status. It is important to predict the impact of interventions on water quality. Man-made and natural processes control surface water quality, these are highly complex with a range of sources, transport a ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 
Nanotechnology is a key enabling technology. Still existing uncertainties concerning EHS need to be addressed to explore the full potential of this new technology. One challenge consists in the development of methods that reliably identify, characterize and quantify nanomaterials (NM) both as substance and in various products and matrices. The European Commission has recently recommended a definit ...
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 30

 TERMINÉ 

Microbial Resource Management and Engineering in the Urban Water Cycle (Mermaid)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2013, Date de fin: 31 août 2017,

We will provide the first-ever research training in the transdisciplinary area of Microbial Resource Management and Engineering (MRME) to develop new concepts and technologies to meet the imminent societal challenge of closing the Urban Water Cycle (UWC), the sustainable management of residual waters and the preparation and distribution of safe potable water.The network consists of 10 regional wor ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 
The identification of degradation pathways relevant for organic micropollutants in biological wastewater treatment processes is currently a major gap, preventing a profound evaluation of the capability of biological wastewater treatment. By elucidating the responsible enzymatic reactions of mixed microbial populations this project will cover this gap and thereby allow finding technical solutions t ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 
The NanoMILE project is conceived and led by an international elite of scientists from the EU and US with the aim to establish a fundamental understanding of the mechanisms of nanomaterial interactions with living systems and the environment, and uniquely to do so across the entire life cycle of nanomaterials and in a wide range of target species. Identification of critical properties (physico-che ...
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 30

 TERMINÉ 
"SEWPROF aims to develop inter-disciplinary and cross-sectoral research capability for the next generation of scientists working in the newly-emerging field of sewage epidemiology. It will provide an integrated approach towards public health monitoring at a community level based on innovative sewage epidemiology techniques. The approach will deliver real-time profiling of community-wide health and ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 
Drinking water disinfection, mandatory to provide drinking water free of pathogens, is associated with the formation of disinfection by-products (DBPs) that have been linked to public health concerns. Drinking water chlorination produces a wide range of toxic DBPs, only a fraction of which have been identified let alone characterised for their toxic potential. Bioanalytical tools should complement ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
In order to widen and further stimulate the use of noble-gas geochemistry in the sediment pore water the proposed research aims to systematically apply the analytical state-of-the-art to ocean sediments.On the one hand the researcher will study the fluid transport in forearc regions off shore Japan. A first sampling region is located close to the epicentre of the devastating Tohoku earthquake occu ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Phenotypic heterogeneity – physical diversity amongst genetically identical individuals exposed to the same environmental conditions – is a phenomenon that has caught the interest of biologists for decades. Although recent technological advances have revolutionised our understanding of the mechanistic bases of phenotypic heterogeneity, its adaptive significance and associated biological function(s ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

REstoring rivers FOR effective catchment Management (REFORM)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2011, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2015,

REFORM is targeted towards development of guidance and tools to make river restoration and mitigation measures more cost-effective and to support the 2nd and future River Basin Management Plans (RMBPs) for the WFD. Aims of REFORM are (1) to provide a framework for improving the success of hydromorphological restoration measures and (2) to assess more effectively the state of rivers, floodplains an ...
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 28

 TERMINÉ 
The growing development, production and use of engineered nanomaterials and associated products will increase exposure of both humans and ecosystems to these new materials. However, current knowledge is still incomplete and established test methods are as yet inappropriate to reliably assess the extent of exposure and risk of materials at the nano-scale. There is an urgent need to develop methods ...
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 32

 TERMINÉ 
"EDA-EMERGE aims to train a new generation of young scientists in the interdisciplinary techniques required to meet the major challenges in the monitoring, assessment and management of toxic pollution in European river basins considering the enormous complexity of contamination, effects and cause-effect relationships. By integrating innovative mode-of-action based biodiagnostic tools including in ...
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 12

 TERMINÉ 
"The initial training network CSI: ENVIRONMENT aims at training 16 young scientists in the discipline of compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) for environmental and forensic investigations. Linking sources and sinks of organic contaminants is a major challenge in contemporary environmental science. Chemicals can be released to the environment when leaving their field of application, intended o ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 
The water and waste water sector is facing tremendous challenges to assure safe, cost-effective and sustainable water supply and sanitation services. DEMEAU promotes the uptake of knowledge, prototypes and practices from previous EU research enabling the water cycle sector to face emerging pollutants and thus securing water and waste water services and public health. The project exploits four grou ...
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 17

 TERMINÉ 
"This project will develop innovative in situ remediation concepts for the sustainable management of contaminated land and groundwater, as required by the WFD. The proposal has 18 academic and industry partners, with expertise in groundwater remediation issues, ranging from pore-scale processes to field-scale application, as well as technology development, water management/treatment, regulation an ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 
BIOTREAT brings together six research institutions and four SMEs to develop much-needed water treatment biotechnologies for removing pesticides, pharmaceuticals and other organic micropollutants from contaminated drinking water resources. These biotechnologies will be developed into prototype biofilter systems ready for subsequent commercialisation. The biofilters will contain non-pathogenic pollu ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Mechanistic Effect Models for the Ecological Risk Assessment of Chemicals (CREAM)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2009, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2014,

There is widespread concern about how production and use of chemicals affect the environment. Yet food production and benefits of chemical products are vital for the functioning of European societies. In order to ensure sustainable use, EU regulations require extensive risk assessment before a chemical is approved for use. Current risk assessments focus on risk at the level of individual organisms ...
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 14

 TERMINÉ 

Novel processing routes for effective sewage sludge management (Routes)

Date du début: 1 mai 2011, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2014,

The Routes project is addressed to discover new routes in wastewater and sludge treatment which allow:a) to prepare sludge for agricultural utilization by transforming it in a very clean and stabilized product regarding the presence of organic micropollutants (conventional and emerging ones) and of heavy metals, and with respect to hygienic aspects and to phytotoxicity;b) to minimize sludge produc ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 
The nanotechnology industry offers many benefits to society, however its potential depends upon the knowledge of its impact on public health and the environment. NPs can enter the body bypassing epithelia, accumulating in spleen, gut, liver and brain as shown in fish as environmental species. While the mechanism of uptake and metabolism of NPs is unknown, their size and physical characteristics su ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Scientists and water managers have collected a vast amount of data on freshwater organisms, and yet it is rarely possible to describe the geographic range of an organism. Why is this? It is because the data are dispersed in many locally-managed databases, many of which are not publically available. The bits of the puzzle are scattered, and it is difficult even to find them. What story might they t ...
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 5

 TERMINÉ 
Groundwater resources are facing increasing pressure from consumptive uses (irrigation, water supply, industry) and contamination by diffuse loading (e.g. agriculture) and point sources (e.g. industry). This cause major threat and risks to our most valuable water resource and on ecosystems dependent on groundwater. New information is need on how to better protect groundwaters and groundwater depen ...
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 28

 TERMINÉ 
Water is essential for life and the protection of this vital resource is paramount to ensuring quality of life. Millions of chemicals are produced annually and these chemicals, the reactants, by-products and/or transformation products end up at some stage in the water cycle, in potentially toxicologically relevant concentrations. As many of these chemicals remain unidentified, the risk posed to th ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

High Resolution Freshwater Monitoring: FreshMon GMES Downstream Services (FreshMon)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2010, Date de fin: 30 nov. 2013,

In-land aquatic systems are under significant pressure from agriculture, economical development and climate change. EU water policy consists of several European directives; most important the Water Framework Directive (WFD) to sustain aquatic ecosystems. Monitoring programmes have been defined that require a coherent and comprehensive overview about the water status within each river basin and lak ...
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 5

 TERMINÉ 
ModNanoTox will develop a number of well-documented and technically advanced models describing the behaviour of engineered nanoparticles in organisms and the environment. Background to these models will be a thoroughly documented database, constructed based on: (1) an advanced evaluation of physicochemical properties of nanoparticles and in silico modelling of their reactivity; and (2) assessment ...
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 6

 TERMINÉ 
The Black Sea Catchment is internationally known as one of ecologically unsustainable development and inadequate resource management, which has led to severe environmental, social and economic problems. EnviroGRIDS @ Black Sea Catchment aims at building the capacities of regional stakeholders to use new international standards to gather, store, distribute, analyze, visualize and disseminate crucia ...
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 30

 TERMINÉ 

EUROPEAN NETWORK FOR ALTERNATIVE TESTING STRATEGIES IN ECOTOXICOLOGY (EUROECOTOX)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2010, Date de fin: 30 nov. 2012,

"EUROECOTOX is a Coordination Action which aims at supporting and accelerating the development and use of alternative ecotoxicology methods and strategies in Europe in order to reduce or replace the use of laboratory animals, particularly those used for regulatory testing. For this, a network will be created (EUROECOTOX network) formed by European R&D groups from universities, public research inst ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 
"Hypoxic (low oxygen) conditions in aquatic ecosystems increase in number, duration and extent due to global warming and eutrophication. Global warming will lead to degassing of oxygen, increased stratification, reduced deep-water circulation and changes in wind patterns affecting transport and mixing. Projected increases in hypoxia (e.g. doubling of “dead zones”) are accompanied by enhanced emiss ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 
Conventional remediation-monitoring programmes, i.e. analysis of contaminant and metabolite concentrations over time and space, often provide inconclusive assessments due to inability to resolve among mixing of several contaminant sources, degradation, dispersion and other redistribution processes. The isoSoil objective is to firmly establish concentration-independent contaminant-specific isotope ...
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 12

 TERMINÉ 

Ecological genetics of Bryozoa-Myxozoa host-parasite interactions (Bryozoa)

Date du début: 1 mai 2010, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2011,

Understanding the clonal and population genetic structure of the freshwater bryozoan Fredericella sultana is essential for understanding the epidemiology and management of the myxozoan parasite Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae that causes the Proliferative Kidney Disease (PKD) in wild and farmed salmonids. Common, widespread and susceptible F. sultana clones can serve as a persistent parasite reservo ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Integrated Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Asia (ISSOWAMA)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2009, Date de fin: 30 juin 2011,

The general inadequate, when existing, methods of collection and disposal of solid waste in most Asian cities are causing important environmental and social harms, as human diseases spreading, environmental pollution and ground and water pollution. In order to raise awareness, promote an adequate waste collection and treatment system and the economic growth of this activity sector in a technologic ...
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 22