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32 projets européens trouvés

Recherche sur 125080 projets européens

 TERMINÉ 

Imaging neural gain control in the human visual system (HVGC)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2012, Date de fin: 31 mars 2016,

"Gain control is a canonical neural computation that is found across the brain. Almost all models of neuronal gain propose that the activity of each neuron is normalized by the combined activity of its neighbouring neurons – a so-called ‘gain pool’. Information in the visual pathways undergoes several such normalization stages beginning in the retina and continuing through visual cortex. Gain cont ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Fate and effects of Pharmaceuticals in Soil-Plants System (PHARMASOILS)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2012, Date de fin: 3 mars 2016,

"Large amounts of pharmaceutical compounds, from a wide spectrum of therapeutic classes, are used and prescribed in human and veterinary medicine worldwide. Following use, pharmaceuticals may be metabolised and will then be excreted in the urine and faeces. The resulting manure, slurry and sewage sludge will then typically be applied as a fertiliser to agricultural land. A wide range of pharmaceut ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Investigating Speech Processing in Realistic Environments (INSPIRE)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2012, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2015,

In everyday life, people listen to speech under a wide range of conditions that are “non-optimal” relative to the controlled conditions in laboratory experiments. Classical research methods can only deal with the effects of individual “adverse” conditions. This has contributed to the fragmentation of speech communication research in numerous sub-disciplines that have little interaction. While each ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 
The objective of the P4FIFTY project is to deliver a trans-European network of industrially oriented white biotechnologists fully trained in the application of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450s) for application in the chemical manufacturing and pharmaceutical industries. This willinvolve academic groups investigating P450 diversity exploration from the wild type enzymes and their genes, genome ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

Stromal Cell- Immune Cell Interactions in Health and Disease (STROMA)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2012, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2015,

STROMA is an Initial Training Network promoting the study of stromal cell – immune system interactions during stroma development and function in health and disease. In STROMA we have bought together world leading experts from academia and industry in Europe to address the key scientific questions in this emerging field. STROMA will promote the training of three Experienced Researchers (ER) and s ...
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 12

 TERMINÉ 
The principal aim of this ITN is to examine the history of the transatlantic slave trade and its legacies from a variety of different angles. The idea is to hire thirteen Early Stage Researchers (ESRs) and two Experienced Researchers (ERs) across Europe and a wide range of disciplines, including history, archaeology, sociology, heritage studies and genetics, to investigate various aspects of the s ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 
The Soft-COM project proposes to realize a self-aligned fabrication of non-volatile, reprogrammable organic complementary memory cell (CMC) compressing both p- and n- channel organic ferroelectric thin film transistor (FTFT).Non-volatile memory applications based on organic materials have recently been of great interest due to their potential integration into products ranging from low-cost identif ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Needs and requirements for independent living for older people (NARILOP)

Date du début: 15 oct. 2012, Date de fin: 14 oct. 2014,

"The NARILOP project will develop effective methodologies to elicit the needs and preferences of older adults for technologies to help them live independently. Currently methodologies developed for use with young people are used without regard to their appropriateness for older people and there is evidence that they are indeed not appropriate for use with this group. Developing new technologies fo ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Optimizing Research tools for Cetaceans in Archaeology (ORCA)

Date du début: 10 sept. 2012, Date de fin: 9 sept. 2014,

"Whale hunting has been practiced by a variety of cultures worldwide for millennia, and played a key economic and sociological role. Today, whales are one of the most threatened groups of mammals, almost exclusively due to recent industrial hunting practices. Archaeological investigations into the history of whaling are vital for understanding the long-term exploitation of these important marine m ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
If the human uses of soils are profoundly different, can these use histories be deduced from their chemical traces? Using the potential of organic biomarkers, AnthroSOIL will assess spatial organisation of prehistoric dwellings in order to recognise daily life activities through soil organic matter analysis. At the interface of archaeology and chemistry, the project aims to develop a new methodolo ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Xylanases as models for understanding enzymatic catalysis (XYLANASES)

Date du début: 20 août 2012, Date de fin: 19 août 2014,

"Enzymes are essential for catalysis of the biochemical reactions that are characteristic of all living cells. Detailed explorations of these transformations have afforded a wealth of insight into the mechanisms of enzyme catalysis, heralding a range of enzyme applications. In spite of these advancements, further mechanistic studies on the fundamentals of enzymatic catalysis are still essential if ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Mechanistic Effect Models for the Ecological Risk Assessment of Chemicals (CREAM)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2009, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2014,

There is widespread concern about how production and use of chemicals affect the environment. Yet food production and benefits of chemical products are vital for the functioning of European societies. In order to ensure sustainable use, EU regulations require extensive risk assessment before a chemical is approved for use. Current risk assessments focus on risk at the level of individual organisms ...
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 14

 TERMINÉ 

Unlocking Historical and Molecular Archives (PALIMPSEST)

Date du début: 1 mai 2012, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2014,

"Europe’s rich historical record has been plundered for information about climate and weather in the past. From instrumental data, to correspondence and even paintings, climate historians have tried to link direct human record with molecular records from trees, lakes, caves and oceans. My fellowship seeks to explore a new avenue, the rich collections of parchment held in archives across Europe.Th ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Bayesian Biometrics For Forensics (BBfor2)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2010, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2013,

With various forms of biometric technologies becoming available, there is a growing need for scientists who are able to assess the merits of these technologies when applied to forensics. The Marie Curie ITN `Bayesian Biometrics for Forensics,' or BBfor2, will provide a training infrastructure that will educate Early Stage Researchers in the core biometric technologies of speaker, face and fingerpr ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 
"In the last decade there has been an explosion of interest into the role played by coastal ecosystems in the lives of hunter-gatherers. Studies have highlighted the importance of ecological, physical and climatic conditions of coastal areas on the biological evolution, dispersion, survival and social development of earliest humans. This new research direction offered more nuanced investigations: ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Prostate Research Organizations-Network of Early Stage Training (PRO-NEST)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2009, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2013,

"New and recent developments have revolutionized the prostate cancer research and clinical arenas, requiring the next generation scientists to have comprehensive knowledge and expertise in basic, clinical and applied research. PRO-NEST offers young researchers a European integrated, multi-disciplinary training programme to become an independent and all-round scientist and team leader in (prostate) ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 

Marine Amino Acid Racemisation Investigation of the Mediterranean (mAARiTIME)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2010, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2013,

mAARiTIME is a highly interdisciplinary project, which brings together the fields of Archaeology, Biology, Chemistry, Geochronology and Quaternary Sciences. Through protein geochronology (amino acid racemisation dating, AAR), it seeks to answer two specific but vital questions: when did early humans become “modern”, and is “modern” behaviour unique to our own species?Behavioural modernity has for ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"It is not known why people started to produce pottery. Once associated with the advent of agriculture and village life, ceramic vessels are now known to have been produced well before any evidence for food production in many parts of the world. This project will identify patterns of early pottery uses in North Eastern North America, one region where pre-agricultural pottery has emerged as a probl ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Magnetic Energy Conversion in Fine Nanoparticle Systems (MENCOFINAS)

Date du début: 1 août 2011, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2013,

"Magnetic energy conversion using nanoparticles is fundamental to many rapidly developing areas such as environment-friendly nanotechnologies or in biomedicine. Examples include the use of magnetic nanoparticles (MPs) in devices for magnetocaloric refrigeration or for heating in the hyperthermia treatment of cancer. Investing in these areas is imperative if the European Research Area and the Europ ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
The objective of BIOTRAINS is to deliver a trans-European network of industrially oriented white biotechnologists fully trained in the application of biocatalysis to sustainable chemical manufacturing. Their skills will be developed through a joint research programme at leading national CoE’s (Centre of Excellence) with research projects identified by internationally leading Principal Investigator ...
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 13

 TERMINÉ 
"The aim of this proposal is to create a training network in the newly-emerging multidisciplinary field of “nano-opto-magnetism”, a new scientific area with novel technological opportunities at the junction of coherent nonlinear optics, nanoscience and magnetism. The impact on society of this newly emerging field is potentially very high, therefore it is decisive that now young researchers are tra ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Climate Change and BIRDs in the African SAVannah (SAVBIRD)

Date du début: 15 sept. 2009, Date de fin: 14 sept. 2012,

"Climate change is arguably the greatest threat to biodiversity today. Understanding the mechanisms that underlie climate impacts is crucial if biodiversity goals are toe be met as the global climate changes. To date, climate impact research has focussed on northern areas, yet tropical ecosystems hold most biodiversity. For the first time, this project will have the overriding objective of identif ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
Economists, historians, archaeologists and conservators have been fascinated by the wool trade and the development of the woollen textile industry during the medieval period, as documented by the large literature on the topic. The importance of the wool trade is reflected in the fact that wool producers and textile centres were located in different areas of Europe, and that wool influenced not onl ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Enhancing Literacy Development in European Languages (ELDEL)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2008, Date de fin: 31 août 2012,

"The scientific aims of the ELDEL project are: 1) to produce a model elucidating the relationships among psychological (psycholinguistic, cognitive) and environmental (orthographic, linguistic, educational/instructional, cultural) factors determining the development of literacy skills in European languages, and 2) to uncover the key components of an effective, culture-appropriate intervention prog ...
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 7

 TERMINÉ 
"Our investigation is in the area of functional analysis and concerns boundedness and compactness properties of mappings between function spaces, estimates and asymptotic behaviour of characteristic numbers of integral operators and also embeddings between function spaces. The expected results may be useful for solutions of a number of actual problems in neighbouring mathematical areas such as the ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"This project in Mathematical Biology addresses two important questions concerning the structure and life cycle of viruses: -) The classification of the possible three-dimensional shapes of the capsid proteins compatible with icosahedral symmetry (the most common symmetry of viral capsids) by means of group theory and tiling theory; -) The modeling and prediction of the structural transitions of t ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Plasticity in the Shoot Branching Regulatory Network (Branching Plasticity)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2010, Date de fin: 31 mars 2012,

Plants can modulate their developmental program depending on environmental conditions, such as nutrient availability and levels and quality of light. A single plant genotype is able to give rise to a wide range of phenotypes. Despite the relevant ecological and evolutionary consequences of this plasticity, very little is known about its molecular basis. A good example of developmental plasticity i ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"The inter-disciplinary project “Sustainable ECOsystem services and LIVelihoods through Aquaculture development” (ECOLIVA) aims to examine the links between ecosystem services, sustainable livelihoods and production of aquatic commodities, using the case of shrimp farming in Thai mangrove ecosystems. This project, implemented as an Intra-European Fellowship hosted by York University, UK, will enab ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
... uction in cost, energy and waste. The proposed outgoing phase project would further the development of a new enantioselective organocatalytic method, within the pioneering research group of Prof. David MacMillan at Princeton. The MacMillan group have consistently been at the forefront of organocatalysis research, and thus far have pioneered over 30 catalytic asymmetric transformations of immense p ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
The aim of this project is to estimate possible climate-induced changes to species richness in three categories, total, endemic and threatened richness. Possible impacts will be assessed: a) at a global scale; b) for centres of endemism for vascular plants, birds, mammals, amphibian and reptiles; c) in CI global biodiversity hotspots; and d) for the Global 200 ecoregions. In just the same way tha ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"Global climate change is strongly linked to the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. In particular, CO2 contributes almost 45-60% to the observed anthropogenic global warming yet has the potential to be captured by trees and stored either in woody biomass or in soils over long time periods. While the above-ground carbon cycle is well constrained, there remain great uncertainties in ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"Auxins are an important group of phytohormones, that regulate various aspects of embryonic and postembryonic development. Transduction of the auxin stimulus depends on selective protein degradation: it involves the activity of the TIR1 family receptors, that act in the SCF complex to target the family of Aux/IAA transcription factors for degradation. Although the core module of auxin signalling h ...
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