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31 projets européens trouvés

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 EN COURS 
The BlueHealth Consortium brings together a multi-disciplinary team of experts reaching across all 28 European Union countries. The proposed 4.5 year BlueHealth Project takes an international, interdisciplinary and multi-sector approach to health promotion and disease prevention by investigating the relationship between the EU’s ‘blue infrastructure’ and the health and well-being of its citizens. ...
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 13

 TERMINÉ 

Aging Lungs in European Cohorts (ALEC)

Date du début: 1 mai 2015, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2019,

This programme of work will advance the understanding of the combined effects of factors that cause poor lung function, respiratory disability and the development of COPD . This will be achieved by examination of determinants of lung growth and lung function decline within existing cohorts that cover the whole life course, and which have followed, in detail, the respiratory health status of over 2 ...
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 15

 TERMINÉ 

"Cardiovascular Health effects of Air pollution in Andhra Pradesh, India" (CHAI)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2015, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2018,

"While there is convincing evidence that exposure to particulate air pollution causes cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, nearly all of this evidence is based on populations in high-income countries where concentrations are relatively low. There is large uncertainty regarding the relationship between combustion particles and cardiovascular risk for concentrations higher than outdoor concentrat ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 
The EU population is increasingly exposed to new physical and chemical agents in the environment, some of which may be detrimental to public health. Of these, electromagnetic fields (EMF) are one of the most ubiquitous, with new EMF technologies and novel applications being actively developed and commercialised. To address pertinent questions on EMF and health, GERoNiMO proposes an integrated appr ...
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 27

 TERMINÉ 
Despite the fact that iodine deficiency (ID) can easily be prevented by iodine fortification of table salt, industrial salt and cattle food, Europe belongs to the worst regions in terms of access to iodized salt and is seriously ID, resulting in the perpetuation of the single most important, preventable cause of brain damage. European ID is due to significant heterogeneity in prevention and monito ...
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 33

 TERMINÉ 
... actors of interest were collected by the cohorts or derived from previous/ongoing collaborations. Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations, and potential interactive effects, will be examined by centre/cohort and combined estimates will be derived.Given that lung function is an important determinant of health and that physical activity is one of a very few prevalent individually-modifiable ri ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY THROUGH SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT APPROACHES (PASTA)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2013, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2017,

This project focuses on the systematic promotion and facilitation of active mobility (AM) (i.e. walking and cycling including the combination with public transport use) as an innovative approach to integrate physical activity (PA) into individuals’ everyday lives. In contrast to sports or exercise, AM requires less time and motivation, since AM provides both convenience as a mode of transport, and ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 

Air Pollution, Growing brAin and cognitive disordeR in children (APGAR)

Date du début: 15 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 14 oct. 2017,

Air pollution exposure has been associated with adverse effects on cognition in children. However, the impact of air pollution on the structures and functions of the growing brain in children is unknown. The objectives of the APGAR project are to determine 1) the impact of urban air pollution on the structures and functions of the growing brain in children from the general population, 2) to what e ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
The aim of HELIX is to exploit novel tools and methods (remote sensing/GIS-based spatial methods, omics-based approaches, biomarkers of exposure, exposure devices and models, statistical tools for combined exposures, novel study designs, and burden of disease methodologies), to characterise early-life exposure to a wide range of environmental hazards, and integrate and link these with data on majo ...
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 16

 TERMINÉ 

Open Project for the European Radiation Research Area (OPERRA)

Date du début: 1 juin 2013, Date de fin: 31 mai 2017,

"Within the OPERRA project, it is proposed that the MELODI Association, as a well-advanced network, takes the lead in establishing the necessary structures able to manage the long-term European research programmes in radiation protection, also taking advantage of the valuable experience gathered through the DoReMi network of excellence. Whilst in fields adjacent to low-dose risk research (radioeco ...
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 71

 TERMINÉ 
This project aims to predict individual disease risk related to the environment, by characterizing the external and internal exposome for common exposures (air and drinking water contaminants) during critical periods of life, including in utero. A large amount of health data is now available from longitudinal cohorts in both children and adults, with detailed information on risk factors, confounde ...
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 15

 TERMINÉ 
Participatory sensing initiatives for monitoring air and environmental quality are flourishing as a result of the citizens’ growing concern about pollution. Scientific teams and Do it Yourself communities are developing personal sensor kits and data aggregation platforms, leveraging smartphones to gather environmental data. However, the human and social aspects that have the power to sustain these ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
Diagnostic radiation represents an indispensable, sometimes life-saving, tool in modern medicine. However, the growing use of computerized tomography (CT) is a topic of concern in radiological protection, especially for children and adolescents. Children are generally more sensitive to the carcinogenic effects of ionizing radiation than adults. In addition, they have a longer life-span to express ...
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 22

 TERMINÉ 
Background Knowledge of the long term effects of air pollution on human health has been improving over the last ten years, mainly as a result of efforts to design and carry out large scale epidemiological studies. Notwithstanding this, no long term data are available for Mediterranean countries, where higher air temperature, particles’ composition and S ...
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 6

 TERMINÉ 
CITI-SENSE will develop “citizens’ observatories” to empower citizens to contribute to and participate in environmental governance, to enable them to support and influence community and societal priorities and associated decision making. CITI-SENSE will develop, test, demonstrate and validate a community-based environmental monitoring and information system using innovative and novel Earth Observa ...
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 32

 TERMINÉ 

BRain dEvelopment and Air polluTion ultrafine particles in scHool childrEn (BREATHE)

Date du début: 1 août 2011, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2016,

"Traffic-related air pollution is an important environmental problem that may affect neurodevelopment. Ultrafine particles (UFP) translocate to the brains of experimental animals resulting in local proinflammatory overexpression. As the basic elements for thinking are acquired by developing brains during infancy and childhood, susceptibility may be elevated in early life.We postulate that traffic- ...
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 4

 TERMINÉ 

Physical Activity as a Crucial Patient Reported Outcome in COPD (PRO- ACTIVE)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2009, Date de fin: 31 mai 2016,

Physical activity (PA) is essential in maintaining optimal health in chronic diseases, including COPD.More physically active patients have less hospital admissions and better survival. Validated physicalactivity monitors have become available in recent years, and together with patient report of symptomsand distress of physical (in)activity, this may form a potent new Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) ...
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 20

 TERMINÉ 
The rapid worldwide increase in mobile phone use in adolescents and, more recently, children has generated considerable interest in the possible health effects of exposure to radio frequency (RF) fields. The current project aims to assess the potential carcinogenic effects of childhood and adolescent exposure to RF and ELF from mobile telephones on tumours of the central nervous system. The study ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 
Indications exist that close contact with nature brings benefits to human health and well-being. The proposed work will investigate the interconnections between exposure to natural outdoor environments, in both rural and urban settings, and better human health and well-being in the North West, South and East of Europe. The project will explore the underlying mechanisms at work (stress reduction/re ...
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 13

 TERMINÉ 

Low Dose Research towards Multidisciplinary Integration (DOREMI)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2010, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2015,

The aim of DoReMi is to promote the sustainable integration of low dose risk research in Europe in order to aid the effective resolution of the key policy questions identified by the High Level Expert Group (HLEG) on Low Dose Risk Research (www.hleg.de). DoReMi provides an operational tool for the development of the proposed MELODI platform (Multidisciplinary European Low Dose Risk Re-search Initi ...
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 39

 TERMINÉ 

Mechanisms of the Development of ALLergy (MEDALL)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2010, Date de fin: 31 mai 2015,

Causes explaining the epidemic of IgE-associated (allergic) diseases are unclear. MeDALL (Mechanisms of the Development of Allergy) aims at generating novel knowledge on mechanisms of allergy initiation, in particular in childhood. To understand how a complex network of genetic and environmental factors leads to complex allergic phenotypes, a novel stepwise, large and integrative translational app ...
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 24

 TERMINÉ 
Epidemiological evidence has established a link between cardiovascular disease and exposure of the heart and major vessels to doses above 500mGy. At lower doses the evidence for a detrimental effect is inconclusive. In part, this is due to the lack of appropriate epidemiological studies, coupled with lack of knowledge of the processes involved that is needed for construction of mathematical models ...
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 15

 TERMINÉ 

Genomic & Epigenomic Complex Disease Epidemiology (GEoCoDE)

Date du début: 1 mars 2010, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2014,

Genetic and epigenetic epidemiology are rapidly developing aspects of population-based health research that have clear translational potential. These endeavours both benefit considerably from extensive international collaborations. Establishing robust associations between genetic variation and common complex disease phenotypes requires very large sample sizes than can only realistically be generat ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 
Background Knowledge of the effects of air pollution on human health has grown in recent decades as a result of the enormous scientific effort to design and conduct large epidemiological studies. At present, most scientists agree that airborne particles with a diameter of less than 10 micrometre (μm) have the most significant short-term effects on human ...
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 6

 TERMINÉ 
"Healthy housing and good indoor air quality are important goals of public health. However, biological indoor pollution due to dampness, moisture and mold is an emerging environmental health issue, as recognized in EU indoor air policy documents. Prevalence of dampness is remarkable, and may still increase due to demands of energy savings and extreme weather periods and floods associated with clim ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

Developing a Child Cohort Research Strategy for Europe (CHICOS)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2010, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2013,

"Mother-child cohorts are currently collecting a wealth of information on childhood diseases and their determinants across Europe, but these data are often of fragmented nature and there is little coordination to structure and consolidate scattered research. Although cohort research carries large potential policy implications, messages are not always filtering through to policy at the national, le ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 
We will determine the adverse and beneficial health effects of personal UVR exposure and their relationships with climatic and environmental factors that modify the solar UVR spectrum. Date and time stamped personal electronic wristwatch dosimeters will be worn to measure individual UVR exposure over extended periods. Satellite and ground station data will be gathered to establish terrestrial UVR ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE)

Date du début: 1 juin 2008, Date de fin: 30 nov. 2012,

"European policy making is hampered by considerable uncertainty about the magnitude and nature of the impacts of long term exposure to air pollution on human health. ESCAPE is a collaboration of more than 30 European cohort studies including some 900,000 subjects. It is aimed at quantifying health impacts of air pollution and at reducing uncertainty. ESCAPE will also test new hypotheses on specifi ...
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 26

 TERMINÉ 

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RISKS IN EUROPEAN BIRTH COHORTS (ENRIECO)

Date du début: 1 mars 2009, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2011,

"The overall aim of ENRIECO is to advance our knowledge on specific environment and health causal relationships in pregnancy and birth cohorts by providing support to exploitation of the wealth of data generated by past or ongoing studies funded by the EC and national programmes. Specific objectives are to make inventories of birth cohorts, assure quality and interoperability of exposure, health ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 
The Chernobyl accident led to the most serious exposure of a normal human population to ionising radiation, apart from the atomic bombings in Japan. Unlike the bombing, the health impact of Chernobyl has not been comprehensively studied. In some areas (eg thyroid cancer), research has been intensive and informative; in others, little work has been conducted. The validity of extrapolating radiation ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 
The growing use of diagnostic X-rays and of high-dose techniques (CT, interventions) in children and adolescents is a topic of concern in radiological protection. Studies of other populations indicate that children are generally more sensitive to health effects of radiation than adults. In addition, children have a longer life-span to express any radiation-related health effect and, because of the ...
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 10