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 EN COURS 
Organic semiconductors are enabling flexible, large-area optoelectronic devices, such as organic light-emitting diodes, transistors, and solar cells. Due to their exceptionally long spin lifetimes, these carbon-based materials could also have an important impact on spintronics, where carrier spins, rather than charges, play a key role in transmitting, processing and storing information. However, t ...
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 5

 TERMINÉ 

Rigidity and global deformations in dynamics (RGDD)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2019,

"Proposal Summary: While there have been tremendous advances in one-dimensional dynamics, higher-dimensional systems are far less well understood. This novel programme of work will take paradigms from one-dimensional dynamics to apply to the higher-dimensional case. In so doing, it will answer a number of long-standing questions of major significance and open up the field for sustained future inve ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Gravity, Black Holes and Strongly Coupled Quantum Matter (GravQuantMat)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2019,

States of matter in which the interactions between the microscopic constituents are both strong and quantum mechanical lie at the frontier of our understanding of nature. Such states appear in a wide variety of settings including high temperature superconductors, gases of cold atoms and the quark- gluon plasma created in the high-energy collisions of nuclei. Understanding the properties of such st ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
In this project I aim to generate the first synthetic species of mosquitoes derived from Anopheles gambiae, the main vector of malaria, and also from Aedes albopictus, a vector of several viral diseases, that has recently invaded Europe. The experimental generation of artificial species will prove invaluable to shed light on major biological questions concerning reproductive isolation. Furthermore ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
Water and water-related services are major components of the human wellbeing, and as such are major factors of socio-economic development in Europe; yet freshwater systems are under threat by a variety of stressors (organic and inorganic pollution, geomorphological alterations, land cover change, water abstraction, invasive species and pathogens. Some stressors, such as water scarcity, can be a st ...
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 27

 TERMINÉ 
The overall goal of COMETHA Project is the construction and operation of an integrated precommercial industrial facility for the production of 80,000 t/y of second generation bioethanol starting from lignocellulosic biomass (ethanol plant conversion yield: from 4.3 to 1) at Porto Marghera (VE, Italy). The plant will be the first in its kind at pre-commercial scale and will validate the innovative ...
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 5

 TERMINÉ 
Haematopoietic stem cells (HSC) reside in the bone marrow, from where they maintain immune cells, erythrocytes and platelets. To function correctly, they depend on their localisation within highly specialised niches, where cell-cell and -matrix interactions as well as medium- and long-range molecular signals are integrated to instruct them to either remain quiescent, or to generate progeny that wi ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
The present proposal is concerned with the global analysis of solutions to the Einstein equations of general relativity. This subject lies at the intersection of the analysis of partial differential equations, differential geometry and theoretical physics and is a field of intense current activity, with several important advances having been achieved in the last decade only.The main objective of t ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

"Assembly, Mechanism, and Evolution of Macromolecular Machinery" (AMEMM)

Date du début: 1 mai 2014, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2018,

"Life has evolved many molecular machines to perform mechanical tasks. Studying these machines promises insights into how machinery can generate force, how they assemble themselves, and how they evolved from simpler components. Ultimately this knowledge may inform synthetic biology projects to redesign existing, or evolve novel, machinery. Yet these insights have been hindered by our inability to ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Motivic zeta functions and the monodromy conjecture (MOTZETA)

Date du début: 1 mai 2013, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2018,

The monodromy conjecture, formulated in the seventies by the Japanese mathematician Igusa, is one of the most important open problems in the theory of singularities. It predicts a remarkable connection between certain geometric and arithmetic invariants of a polynomial f with integer coefficients. The conjecture describes in a precise way how the singularities of the complex hypersurface defined b ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 

Quantum Gases in Synthetic Gauge Fields (QUANTUMSG)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 14 mars 2018,

"This Marie Curie Career Integration Grant proposal entitled ""Quantum Gases in Synthetic Gauge Fields"" addresses the behaviour of ultracold atoms under the presence of synthetic gauge fields. The experimental techniques of creating synthetic gauge fields through optical methods have been pioneered recently by groups in the EU and US. Such methods have been used to produce large effective magne ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Observing Carbon Dioxide Emissions at Regional Scales (OCDERS)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2018,

"The accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is causing substantial changes to Earth’s climate and ecosystems. As governments take action to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, the effectiveness of these actions must be validated by atmospheric measurements to independently confirm reported emissions. This proposal will study the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuel combus ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
The DROPSA consortium will create new knowledge and understanding of the damage and losses of fruit crops resulting from pests and pathogens, with a specific focus on the new and emerging threats due to Drosophila suzukii and quarantine pathogens Pseudomonas syringae, Xanthomonas fragariae and X. arboricola. The project will deliver a cost effective approach that can be widely implemented by the E ...
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 27

 TERMINÉ 
The increasing world population, predicted to rise to 9 billion by 2050, will make huge demands on the agricultural biotechnology industry with respect to the development of agrichemicals that are able to drive and sustain increases in the production of food and fibre from plants, whilst mitigating competition for water and land use. The Foresight report on Global Food and Farming Futures (2011), ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
Understanding how species mediate ecosystem processes, such as energy and nutrient fluxes, is among the foremost challenges in ecology. Bacterial communities are pivotal for the functioning of the world’s ecosystems. Although there have been great advances in describing the biodiversity of bacteria, little effort has been directed at understanding how differences in bacterial communities translate ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

A laser-cooled molecular fountain to measure the electron EDM (eEDM)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2013, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2018,

I propose to build an instrument that cools YbF molecules to microK temperature using laser light, and throws them up as a fountain in free fall. This will be used to detect CP-violating elementary particle interactions that caused our universe to evolve an excess of matter over antimatter These interactions cause the charge distribution of the electron to be slightly non-spherical and it is thi ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
Europe has invoked the SET-Plan to design and implement an energy technology policy for Europe to accelerate the development and deployment of cost-effective renewable energy systems, including photovoltaics. With lower cost of solar electricity, PV could significantly contribute to the achievements of the 20-20-20 objectives.The Joint Program on PV of the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA-P ...
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 37

 TERMINÉ 
Jawed vertebrates account for more than 99% of modern vertebrate diversity. Collectively, they comprise chondrichthyans (sharks, rays, and chimaeras) and osteichthyans (bony fishes and terrestrial vertebrates, including humans). The anatomy of jawed vertebrates includes a series of complex traits such as jaws, teeth, paired appendages, and novel skeletal tissues such as bone. In spite of the inten ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 

Regional climate-air quality interactions (REQUA)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2013, Date de fin: 30 nov. 2017,

"Air quality is strongly dependent on weather and is therefore sensitive to climate variability and climate change. On the other hand, air pollution affects the atmospheric composition which in turn affects the earth's radiative budget and the earth's climate. Hence the climate and the air quality are intimately interactive parts of the earth's system and the feedbacks between them can act to ampl ...
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 5

 TERMINÉ 

Kinetics for Drug Discovery (K4DD) (K4DD)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2012, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2017,

There is mounting evidence that the often ignored kinetic aspects of the interaction between a drug and its target are highly relevant for clinical success. This ignorance may be one of the reasons for the high attrition rates in drug discovery, as it has been analyzed that many recently marketed drugs had indeed improved kinetic profiles. This hindsight knowledge needs to be converted into data-d ...
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 21

 TERMINÉ 

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY THROUGH SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT APPROACHES (PASTA)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2013, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2017,

This project focuses on the systematic promotion and facilitation of active mobility (AM) (i.e. walking and cycling including the combination with public transport use) as an innovative approach to integrate physical activity (PA) into individuals’ everyday lives. In contrast to sports or exercise, AM requires less time and motivation, since AM provides both convenience as a mode of transport, and ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 
Quantum field theories with local gauge symmetry are building blocks of the modern theory of fundamental interactions between elementary particles. The basic example is Quantum Chromo Dynamics. There is strong evidence that QCD is the correct theory of strong interactions, but it has been difficult to use it to account for many hadronic phenomena which is due to large value of gauge coupl ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Automorphic Forms and Moduli Spaces of Galois Representations (AF and MSOGR)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2012, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2017,

I propose to establish a research group to develop completely new tools in order to solve three important problems on the relationships between automorphic forms and Galois representations, which lie at the heart of the Langlands program. The first is to prove Serre’s conjecture for real quadratic fields. I will use automorphic induction to transfer the problem to U(4) over the rational numbers, w ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Nanoporous Membranes for High Throughput Rare Event Bio-analysis (NANOP)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2012, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2017,

A novel analytical platform is proposed to detect and identify DNA at low concentration in a high throughput manner at the single molecule level.The potential impact of this research is significant and will result in single molecule detection becoming a mainstream tool within the medical diagnostics and analytical communities. 'Rare event' detection plays an important role in the early detection o ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Organic Bioelectronics (ORGBIO)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2013, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2017,

Organic Bioelectonics is a new discipline which holds promise to shape, direct, and change future medical treatments in a revolutionary manner over the next decades. At the moment Europe has a unique leading position in this area, being almost all the world-leading groups in this field located in Europe and constituting the core of this international training network. However, realizing the promis ...
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 15

 TERMINÉ 

Frontiers in Quantum Technology (FQT)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2013, Date de fin: 31 août 2017,

"Mission Statement: To deliver an internationally competitive student cohort who will be equipped to be the research and industry leaders of the future through interdisciplinary training at the frontiers of Quantum Technology. The ability to engineer materials at the atomic level has led to the enormously active field of nanotechnology: the analysis, design and fabrication of devices that operate ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Direct Ethanol from MicroAlgae (DEMA)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2012, Date de fin: 31 mai 2017,

"The DEMA Consortium will develop, demonstrate and licence a complete economically competitive technology for the direct production of bioethanol from microalgae with low-cost scalable photobioreactors by 2016. Initial proof-of-concept results show via Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) and economic balance that it is feasible to use microalgae to produce bioethanol for less than € 0.40 per litre. The c ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

Heliospheric Cataloguing, Analysis and Techniques Service (HELCATS)

Date du début: 25 avr. 2014, Date de fin: 1 mai 2017,

The advent of wide-angle imaging of the inner heliosphere has revolutionised the study of the solar wind and, in particular, transient solar wind structures such as Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) and Co-rotating Interaction Regions (CIRs). CMEs comprise enormous plasma and magnetic field structures that are ejected from the Sun and propagate at what can be immense speeds through interplanetary spac ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 

Five Challenges in Computational Anatomy (FCCA)

Date du début: 1 mai 2011, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2017,

New medical imaging technologies encode human anatomy in a wide variety of data structures. Computational Anatomy (CA) offers an approach to synthesize this plethora of data by comparison of anatomical features using smooth invertible transformations specific to the data structure.This proposal is for work to develop new mathematical and numerical methods for image analysis in the framework of CA, ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
This proposal aims to develop a new model-based strategy for statistical problems in astronomy involving complex computer models. It embeds computer models into multilevel models in order to explicitly account for complexities in both astronomical sources and in new high-tech telescopes with the aim illuminating the underlying physical processes. Specific methods will be developed to account for c ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Attosecond Science by Transmission and Emission of X-rays (ASTEX)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2012, Date de fin: 31 mars 2017,

"This is a programme of advanced research with potential for high scientific impact and applications to areas of great strategic importance such as renewable energy and biomolecular technology. The aim is to develop and apply a combination of cutting-edge tools to observe and understand dynamics in molecules and condensed phase matter with attosecond temporal and nanometre spatial resolutions. The ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Rectifying interfaces for solar driven fuel synthesis (INTERSOLAR)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2012, Date de fin: 31 mars 2017,

There is rapidly growing interest in the science required to enable the conversion of solar energy into molecular fuels, motivated both by the need to develop a renewable, globally scalable transportation fuel strategy and the need to address the intermittency limitations of solar electrical power generation. Rapid progress is being made in the fabrication of inorganic, low cost, nanostructured ph ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Tempo-spatial stochastic volatility: Modelling and statistical inference (TSSV)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2012, Date de fin: 3 févr. 2017,

Statistics for tempo-spatial data is one of the most important research frontiers in modern statistics. This project proposes to introduce and develop the concept of tempo-spatial stochastic volatility, which allows one to model volatility clusters both in time and in space. Empirical evidence for stochastic volatility is ubiquitous, and hence, it is vital and urgent that statistical models and e ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Hitting Times for Stochastic Processes (HTSP)

Date du début: 21 janv. 2015, Date de fin: 20 janv. 2017,

"The main goal of this project is to develop a qualitative theory for describing the long term atypical behaviour of stochastic processes. An important characterization of such behaviour is given by atypically large values of the time (known as the hitting time) when the process enters a set. We aim to establish new results about the probabilities of large values for the hitting times of appropria ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
"Biodiversity scenarios have the potential to exert a strong influence on public perception of the current biodiversity crisis, and on national and international policies to mitigate that crisis. Here, I propose to generate a novel conceptual and analytical model of biodiversity loss, and combine that with deforestation models to generate biodiversity scenarios for the world’s most species rich ec ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Physical principles in host-pathogen interactions (PPHPI)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2012, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2016,

"In recent breakthrough publications, I developed quantitative models of accurate chemo-sensing in biological cells, as well as obtained important insights into how cells engulf and eat other cells and particles. The novelty of these works is the merging of the natural sciences of physics and biology for discovering general, overarching principles in biology. Now I propose to bring my research to ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Advanced Electronic Materials and Devices through Novel Processing Paradigms (AMPRO)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2012, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2016,

"I propose a structured multidisciplinary research programme that seeks to combine advanced materials, such as metal oxides and organics, with novel fabrication methods to develop devices for application in: (1) large area electronics, (2) integrated nanoelectronics and (3) sensors. At the heart of this programme lies the development of novel oxide semiconductors. These will be synthesised from so ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Brazilian-European partnership in Dynamical Systems (BREUDS)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2013, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2016,

"This is a project for a partnership between leading Brazilian and European research groups in dynamical systems, a prominent subject in mathematics. An extensive consortium of European and Brazilian institutions will collaborate to provide world leading critical mass and support for research on the very forefront of the field. Work Packages reflect parallel priorities in the research. Transfer o ...
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 22

 TERMINÉ 

Membrane Protein Nanocrystallography (NanoMem)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2013, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2016,

Modern structural biology builds upon synergies between lab-bench scale science on the one hand and large scale research infrastructure on the other. NanoMem recognises the transformative opportunities that are created by current X-ray source and detector developments to impact strongly on membrane protein structure, a challenging sub-field of structural biology. We will exploit synchrotron based ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 
The main aim of this project is to support the sustainable delivery of non-food biomass feedstock at local, regional and pan European level through developing strategies, and roadmaps that will be informed by a “computerized and easy to use” toolset (and respective databases) with update harmonized datasets at local, regional, national and pan European level for EU27, western Balkans, Turkey and U ...
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 34