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 EN COURS 
Coral reefs are iconic examples of biological hotspots, highly appreciated because of their ecosystem services. Yet, they are threatened by human impact and climate change, highlighting the need to develop tools and strategies to curtail changes in these ecosystems. Remarkably, ever since Darwin’s descriptions of coral reefs, it has been a mystery how one of Earth’s most productive and diverse eco ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Federation for FIRE Plus (Fed4FIREplus)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2021,

The Fed4FIRE+ project has the objective to run and further improve Fed4FIRE’s “best-in-town” federation of experimentation facilities for the Future Internet Research and Experimentation initiative. Federating a heterogeneous set of facilities covering technologies ranging from wireless, wired, cloud services and open flow, and making them accessible through common frameworks and tools suddenly op ...
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 24

 EN COURS 
Liver cirrhosis is a very common chronic disease and one of the leading causes of death in European. Moreover, cirrhosis has a marked impact in patients quality of life and represents a major burden for health systems. Treatment of cirrhosis is currently based on symptomatic management of complications and has not changed substantially in the last 20 years. There is an unmet need for therapies tha ...
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 18

 EN COURS 
Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) causes ~20% of all deaths in Europe. SCA is lethal within minutes if left untreated and survival rates are presently only 5-20%. Therefore, there is a large medical need to improve SCA prevention and treatment. Designing effective individualized prevention and treatment strategies requires knowledge on genetic and environmental risk factors. So far, these efforts have b ...
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 17

 EN COURS 
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global public health threat, and most troublesome is the rapid emergence and dissemination of multidrug resistant (MDR) Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter species and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. There is an unmet medical need to prevent P. aeruginosa infection in critically ill patients and to develop new antibiotics for infections caused by Gram-negative bacte ...
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 44

 EN COURS 

Children and social robots: An integrative framework (CHILDROBOT)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2021,

Robots used to be made for labor; now, they are increasingly also made for relationships. Social robots can learn from us, teach us, play with us, and assist us. With the market for social robots expected to grow substantially in the next 20 years, social robots are likely to become a life-changing technology similar to personal computers or smart phones. Still, we still know little about one of t ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
“The human imagination remains one of the last uncharted territories of the mind” - Ruth Byrne, The Rational ImaginationOur mind represents non-actual scenarios to extract information from them. We cannot experience beforehand which situations are or will be actual. So we explore them in our imagination, leaving our perceptions offline: ‘What would happen if...?’. The cognitive importance of this ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of the majority of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), is a lipid driven, inflammatory disease of the large arteries. Despite a 25% relative risk reduction achieved by lipid-lowering treatment, the vast majority of atherosclerosis-induced CVD risk remains unaddressed. Therefore, characterizing mediators of the inflammatory aspect of atherosclerosis is a widely rec ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Erasmus Mundus Masters in Journalism, Media and Globalisation

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2021,

Mundus Journalism aims to develop and integrate innovative research and industry links into an established (2005) Erasmus Mundus Joint Masters’ degree in Journalism, Media and Globalisation, which is jointly delivered by five European and three non-European universities in close cooperation with media partners. The ambition of the two-year, 120-ECTS programme is to: (a) Reflect the contemporary i ...
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 9

 EN COURS 

Separation Technology for A Million Peaks (STAMP)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2021,

Extremely high separation powers are required to fully characterize complex mixtures that are of crucial importance in many fields, such as life science (including systems biology), food science, renewable energy sources and feedstocks, and high-tech materials. The STAMP project is aimed at obtaining a peak capacity of one million in liquid-phase analytical separations. Spatial three-dimensional l ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
The aim of FOLLOW is to understand and analyse the security practices that render financial transactions into security intelligence, into court evidence. The novel approach is to map the path of the suspicious financial transaction as a ‘chain of translation.’ I ask what gets lost and added in the process of translating financial records from banks to courts. I deliver fine-grained empirical analy ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Quantification and modality in the realm of questions (QuModQu)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2021,

The interpretation of linguistic expressions has been investigated from various theoretical perspectives, ranging from linguistics and philosophy to logic and cognitive science, leading to many applications in computer science. At the heart of this enterprise is a simple yet powerful notion of meaning as truth-conditional content. Despite its merits, this view has a fundamental limitation: while s ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Groups and Violence: A Micro-sociological Research Programme (GROUPVIOLENCE)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2021,

The Group Violence research programme aims to understand how group behaviour affects the likelihood and severity of violence in public space. While the prevailing social scientific focus remains on individual perpetrators and background factors, the empirical reality of public violence is one of multiple attackers, multiple victims and multiple bystanders. The research proposed here furthers the s ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
My project will boost the precision of theoretical predictions for collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Precise predictions are crucial to further constrain the properties of the recently-discovered Higgs boson, and uncover a faint signal of Beyond-the-Standard Model physics. I will focus on the strong interactions, which dominate the theoretical uncertainty and play a role at multiple energy ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
This project aims to achieve ground-breaking advances in the biggest challenge in computational condensed matter physics: the accurate simulation of strongly correlated systems (SCS), which give rise to fascinating phenomena such as high-Tc superconductivity (HTSC), quantum spin liquids with topological order, and other exotic phases of matter. While for one-dimensional (1D) systems tremendous pro ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

The mind's eye: How expectation and attention shape perception (PERCEPT)

Date du début: 1 août 2016, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2021,

Perception is more than meet’s the eye; how we see the world is critically shaped by attention (what is relevant) and as a growing body of work indicates, by past experience (what is likely). Overturning the classical notion of perception as a largely bottom-up process, the idea that our brain is a prediction machine, continually trying to predict what is ‘out there’ based on past experience, is q ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
In many situations experts act adequately, yet without deliberation. Architects e.g, immediately sense opportunities offered by the site of a new project. One could label these manifestations of expert intuition as ‘higher-level’ cognition, but still these experts act unreflectively. The aim of my project is to develop the Skilled Intentionality Framework (SIF), a new conceptual framework for the ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Induction of Broad-Coverage Semantic Parsers (BroadSem)

Date du début: 1 mai 2016, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2021,

In the last one or two decades, language technology has achieved a number of important successes, for example, producing functional machine translation systems and beating humans in quiz games. The key bottleneck which prevents further progress in these and many other natural language processing (NLP) applications (e.g., text summarization, information retrieval, opinion mining, dialog and tutorin ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Recent surveys have revealed an amazing, and yet unexplained, diversity of planets orbiting other stars. The key to understanding and exploiting this diversity is to study their atmospheres. This is because exoplanets’ atmospheres are unique laboratories that hold the potential to transform our understanding of planet formation, physics, and habitability. This is a new opportunity to place the Sol ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Opinion Dynamics and Cultural Conflict in European Spaces (ODYCCEUS)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

Social media and the digitization of news and discussion fora are having far-reaching effects on the way individuals and communities communicate, organize, and express themselves. Can the information circulating on these platforms be tapped to better understand and analyze the enormous problems facing our contemporary society? Could this help us to better monitor the growing number of social crise ...
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 10

 EN COURS 
The management of febrile patients is one of the most common and important problems facing healthcare providers. Distinction between bacterial infections and trivial viral infection on clinical grounds is unreliable, and as a result innumerable patients worldwide undergo hospitalization, invasive investigation and are treated with antibiotics for presumed bacterial infection when, in fact, they ar ...
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 19

 EN COURS 

Expectations and Social Influence Dynamics in Economics (ExSIDE)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

Expectations play a crucial role in determining the behaviour of many economic decision makers. The recent financial and economic crisis has highlighted the importance of expectation dynamics for economic development, the success of firm strategies and public policies. The Innovative Training Network ExSIDE aims at improving our understanding of the role of expectation formation and social influen ...
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 7

 EN COURS 
Many HIV vaccine concepts and several efficacy trials have been conducted in the prophylactic and therapeutic fields with limited success. There is an urgent need to develop better vaccines and tools predictive of immunogenicity and of correlates of protection at early stage of vaccine development to mitigate the risks of failure. To address these complex and challenging scientific issues, the Eur ...
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 43

 EN COURS 
According to ECDC, over 4 million healthcare-associated infections in the EU cause 37,000 deaths and cost EUR 7 billion/year. Half of them are related to medical devices (i.e., catheters, implants) and 80% of these are related to bacterial biofilms. A recent EC report highlighted the medical device sector’s role in driving EU economic growth, employing 500k people in 25k companies (80% are SMEs) w ...
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 8

 EN COURS 
Train2Target is a multidisciplinary European Training Network built to address the challenge of the discovery of alternative antimicrobials. Innovative strategies to deliver a next generation of drugs are urgently needed. The alarming threats and spread of multi-drug resistant bacteria is currently leaving clinicians with very limited options to combat infections especially those from Gram-negativ ...
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 11

 EN COURS 
The research in which the young scientists of the EU-GliaPhD consortium will be trained is centred on the role of neuron-glia interactions in brain function and pathology.Prompted by exciting discoveries of recent years, many academic research groups are currently focussing their research on the field of neuron-glia interactions for a better understanding of brain function. Also the private sector ...
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 13

 EN COURS 
CHEurope focuses on developing a new integrated theoretical and methodological framework to enhance the academic and professional training and open future job opportunities in cultural heritage preservation, management and promotion. Heritage has commonly been perceived through its contingent relationship to other areas, preventing it to be considered as a ‘legitimate’ scientific discipline. Moreo ...
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 8

 EN COURS 

European AIDS Vaccine Initiative 2020 (EAVI2020)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2015, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2020,

HIV-1 is responsible for a global pandemic of 35 million people, and continues to spread at a rate of >2 million new infections/year. It is widely acknowledged that a protective vaccine would be the most effective means to reduce HIV-1 spread and ultimately eliminate the pandemic, while a therapeutic vaccine may help mitigate the clinical course of disease and lead to strategies of viral eradicati ...
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 27

 EN COURS 
One of the important consequences of the Second Demographic Transition has been the increasing complexity of families. The aim of this project is to study how rising family complexity has affected two fundamental aspects of intergenerational relationships: reproduction and solidarity. Theoretically, family complexity is distinguished into four dimensions: (a) the length, timing and nature of expos ...
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 2

 EN COURS 

HIV-1 sensing and signaling in dendritic cells (SENTINEL)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2020,

HIV-1 is a major global health problem with over 2 million new infections every year, and although antiretroviral therapy is effective, chronic infected patients suffer from severe co-morbidities due to immune dysfunction. With the proposed SENTINEL project, I aim to identify novel strategies to enhance innate antiviral immunity to HIV-1 to limit establishment and progression of chronic disease. O ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
E-CAM will create, develop and sustain a European infrastructure for computational science applied to simulation and modelling of materials and of biological processes of industrial and societal importance. Building on the already significant network of 15 CECAM centres across Europe and the PRACE initiative, it will create a distributed, sustainable centre for simulation and modelling at and acro ...
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 18

 EN COURS 
The character of global business networks has long fascinated but continues to divide scholars of global markets and governance. A well-established perspective looks at the changes in global networks and sees an emerging cohesive transnational capitalist class. However, a rival line of inquiry sees the rise of competing corporate elites. Scholars also disagree on the origins of emergent patterns ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Moonshine and String Theory (MST)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2020,

"The purpose of the proposed research is to forward the understanding of the umbral moonshine discovered recently by myself. I plan to study it in the context of string theory. Moreover, I aim to use this new discovery to gain a deeper understanding of certain fundamental aspects of the theory. The term moonshine refers to the astonishing and puzzling relation between functions with special symmet ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Technique in the Arts. Concepts, Practices, Expertise (1500-1950) (ARTECHNE)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2020,

The transmission of ‘technique’ in art has been a conspicuous ‘black box’ resisting analysis. The tools of the humanities used to study the transmission of ideas and concepts are insufficient when it comes to understanding the transmission of something as non-propositional and non-verbal as ‘technique’. The insights of the neurosciences in, for example, the acquisition and transmission of drawing ...
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 2

 EN COURS 

Causal Analysis of Feedback Systems (CAFES)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2020,

"Many questions in science, policy making and everyday life are of a causal nature: how would changing A influence B? Causal inference, a branch of statistics and machine learning, studies how cause-effect relationships can be discovered from data and how these can be used for making predictions in situations where a system has been perturbed by an external intervention. The ability to reliably ma ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
This anthropological study examines the reconfiguration of masculinities in urban Africa over the last 30 years. Focusing on how practices and discourses of empowerment and equality shape male subjectivities, this study builds upon a significant body of nuanced research on masculinities in Africa. Since the mid-1980s academic and public discourses have depicted African masculinity as both precario ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Data activism: The politics of big data according to civil society (DATACTIVE)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2020,

With the diffusion of ‘big data’, citizens become increasingly aware of the critical role of information in modern societies. This awareness gives rise to new social practices rooted in technology and data, which I term ‘data activism’. While activists see massive data collection by governments and businesses as a challenge to civil rights, big data also offer new opportunities for collective acti ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Migration as Development (MADE)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2020,

How do processes of development and social transformation shape human migration? More specifically, how do development process affect the geographical orientation, timing, composition and volume of both internal and international migration? The relation between development and human mobility is highly contested. While economic development in poor countries and areas is usually seen as the most ef ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Fickle Formulas. The Political Economy of Macroeconomic Measurement (FICKLEFORMS)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2020,

Macroeconomic indicators are integral to economic governance. Measurements of growth, unemployment, inflation and public deficits inform policy, for example through growth targets and the inflation-indexation of wages. These indicators tell us “how economies are doing” and citizens often punish politicians who fail to deliver on them.Their air of objectivity notwithstanding, it is far from self-ev ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Causes and consequences of change in public opinion about Europe (EUROPINIONS)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2020,

Causes and consequences of change in public opinion about EuropePublic opinion towards European integration and the EU is divided, especially in the wake of the economic crisis. From being a consensus issue with stable and broad elite and public support across the continent, it is now a contentious issue with swiftly changing opinions. EU opinions include utilitarian considerations, identity issue ...
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 1