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 EN COURS 

Organic Semiconductors Interfaced with Biological Environments (OSIRIS)

Date du début: 1 mars 2017, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2022,

Transducing information to and from biological environments is essential for bioresearch, neuroscience and healthcare. There has been recent focus on using organic semiconductors to interface the living world, since their structural similarity to bio-macromolecules strongly favours their biological integration. Either water-soluble conjugated polyelectrolytes are dissolved in the biological medium ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Sleep is critical for optimal cognitive functioning and health. Sleep disturbances are highly frequent in our society and strongly influenced by cognitive factors, e.g. rumination, expectations and thoughts. However, the mechanism of how cognition influences sleep architecture is not yet understood. To explain how cognition influences sleep, I propose the “Memories-of-Sleep” (MemoSleep)-Hypothesis ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Principles of Graph Data Integration (GraphInt)

Date du début: 1 août 2016, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2021,

The present proposal tackles fundamental problems in data management, leveraging expressive, large-scale and heterogeneous graph structures in order to integrate both unstructured (e.g., text) and structured (e.g., relational) content. Integrating heterogeneous content has become a key hurdle in the deployment of Big Data applications, due to the meteoric rise of both machine and user-generated da ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Plant-inspired materials and surfaces (PlaMatSu)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2016, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2020,

Modern polymeric materials and surfaces are a corner-stone of Europe’s economy and research activities. Materials with novel properties are therefore of great interest. Nature provides us with a rich pool of multifunctional materials that can act as concept generators for synthetic materials. The uppermost layer of plant leaves and flower petals, the cuticle, is a smart polymer composite which a v ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 

Understanding Europe’s Fashion Data Universe (FashionBrain)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2019,

The primary goal of each retailer is to “understand your customers”. Our interviews with retailers show a primary demand from the retail industry for predicting a customer's next demand. Surprisingly , even a complete record of past purchases (and returns) is not sufficient to understand how items in a company's catalog do or do not connect with the customer's general tastes, lifestyle and aspirat ...
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 6

 TERMINÉ 

Interfaces in opto-electronic thin film multilayer devices (INFORM)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2019,

Development of new materials over the past decade paved the way for organic/hybrid electronics into commercial applications. Now, perfection of material interfaces in organic/hybrid thin-film devices is key to drive the technology further and enable new, more advanced applications. INFORM offers a paradigm shift from focusing on materials to focusing on devices by probing, modelling and controllin ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Interactive Music Science Collaborative Activities (iMuSciCA)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 30 juin 2019,

iMuSciCA will – through engagement in music activities – support mastery of core academic content on STEM subjects (Physics, Geometry, Mathematics, and Technology) for secondary school students (aged 12-16) alongside with the development of their creativity and deeper learning skills. To reach this goal, iMuSciCA introduces new methodologies and innovative technologies supporting active, discovery ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 
Based on the reversible bonds that hold the structural units together, supramolecular polymers gain technological relevance from the simplicity of their synthesis, while a constantly increasing amount of research is dedicated to the study of the unique solution, electronic, mechanical and rheological properties of these materials. An interesting aspect of these properties may arise when the use of ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Optical Metamaterials by Polymer Self-assembly (cOMPoSe)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2016, Date de fin: 31 mars 2018,

Metamaterials are artificially structured materials whose interaction with electromagnetic waves is determined by their structure rather than by their chemical composition. The resulting material properties are not found in nature. Metamaterials that operate at optical frequencies, known as optical metamaterials, have attracted special attention due to their potentially ground-breaking technical a ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
How does the neuronal network of the brain mediate its function? This fundamental question in biology is still a puzzle, despite decades of intensive work. A seemingly unsolvable obstacle when studying the brain is its enormous complexity.A powerful approach to understand our brain uses “simple” brains of animal models, in which one can genetically identify and manipulate neurons. The brain of the ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Small Artery Remodelling (SmArteR)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2013, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2017,

Cardiovascular disease remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Europe. Small arteries form a key element in the pathogenesis. Thus, these vessels dictate local perfusion and blood pressure by adaptation of their caliber. Structural changes towards smaller caliber, small artery remodelling, cause hypertension and decreased organ perfusion, leading to acute events and chronic end organ d ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Hierarchical Self Assembly of Polymeric Soft Systems (SASSYPOL)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2013, Date de fin: 31 août 2017,

"The production of the next generation of functional soft systems and materials capable of meeting the current and future demands of society in a sustainable manner will require both new technologies and highly trained scientists. Supramolecular chemistry provides a powerful approach to develop new self-assembled materials with emerging properties, such as healability, recyclability and facile pro ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 
The main aim of this project is to establish, maintain and make sustainable a world class research group with a focus on (foreign and domestic) development policies in post-socialist spaces. Thanks to its wide geographical and disciplinary focus, this IRSES will provide an international and intercultural environment for a team of researchers to connect, reflect, come up with new findings and estab ...
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 4

 TERMINÉ 

Light-Responsive Adhesives for Debond-on-Demand Solutions (DEGLUMINATE)

Date du début: 1 juin 2016, Date de fin: 31 mai 2017,

Adhesives that debond-on-demand through application of an external stimulus are highly relevant for manufacturing (semiconductor, automotive, aerospace, construction, packaging, sportswear), healthcare applications (wound dressing, transdermal patches), and numerous other domains, and they can significantly contribute to the sustainable use of materials (repairing, reworking, recycling). In all ca ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Mechanically Responsive Polymers (MERESPO)

Date du début: 1 mai 2012, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2017,

"“Intelligent” polymers which change their properties “on command”, that is upon exposure to a pre-defined stimulus in a highly selective and reversible manner, are of considerable academic interest and attractive for countless technologically relevant applications. Many examples of chemically, thermally, electrically, optically, or electrically responsive materials are known, but only few polymer ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Resistance in Gram-Negative Organisms: Studying Intervention Strategies (R-GNOSIS)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2011, Date de fin: 31 mars 2017,

Antibiotics are a mainstay of public health, but their use has increased exponentially leading to the emergence of antibiotic resistance. The R-GNOSIS (Resistance in Gram-Negative Organisms: Studying Intervention Strategies) project combines 5 international clinical studies, all supported by highly innovative microbiology, mathematical modelling and data-management, to determine - in the most rele ...
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 27

 TERMINÉ 

Real-time dynamics of correlated many-body systems (DYNCORSYS)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2012, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2017,

"Strongly correlated materials exhibit some of the most remarkable phenonomena found in condensed matter systems. They typically involve many active degrees of freedom (spin, charge, orbital), which leads to numerous competing states and complicated phase diagrams. A new perspective on correlated many-body systems is provided by the nonequilibrium dynamics, which is being explored in transport stu ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
ISSICEU analyses sources of stability and instability in the Caucasus regarding political regimes, civic participation, economic interdependencies and neighbourhood influences. We evaluate the implications for military, political, economic and societal security.We deliver three relevant products for EU policy formulation: We analyse and map emerging conflicts of local, regional and international d ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 
In the wake of the financial crisis one of the major challenges faced by policymakers in Europe and around the world is re-kindling economic growth and innovation. Recent research portrays economic growth as a process of evolution of ecosystems of technologies and industrial capabilities. This research has also shown a strong relationship between the development of the complexity of economies in ...
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 4

 TERMINÉ 
"This project is a continuation of my previous doctoral research into multiculturalism and national identity in Canada, Quebec and France using a comparative perspective. The project goal will be the acquisition of additional skills in the field of political anthropology, and the continuation of my research in order to prepare an Accreditation to supervise research. The implementation of this proj ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Systems neuroscience of Drosophila: from genes to circuits to behaviour (FLIACT)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2012, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2015,

Understanding how the brain works represents one of the greatest challenges in modern science. This question embraces mechanisms spanning multiple levels of description, from genes to biochemical pathways, from neurons to circuits, from circuit activities to adaptive behaviours. The goal of the FLiACT programme is to train young researchers in the concepts and techniques necessary to study integra ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 
CARINHYPH projects deals with the hierarchical assembly of functional nanomaterials into novel nanocarbon-inorganic hybrid structures for energy generation by photocatalyic hydrogen production, with Carbon NanoTubes (CNTs) and graphene the choice of nanocarbons. The scientific activities include the development of new functionalisation strategies targeted at improving charge transfer in hybrids an ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 

Non-Equilibrium Social Science in ICT and Economics (NESS)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2011, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2014,

Traditional economics uses models that assume limited interaction between agents, simplistic behavioural assumptions and equilibrium analysis. Yet economies and social systems are often strongly correlated, heterogeneous and far from equilibrium hence traditional approaches do not provide the tools to understand, model or design systems in rapid change. The current financial and world order consti ...
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 7

 TERMINÉ 
"Biodiversity hotspots are regions where exceptional concentrations of endemic species face extraordinary levels of habitat loss. The evolutionary processes determining the genesis and maintenance of such high biodiversity are poorly understood. REVOL uses population genomics in a multi-disciplinary context to uncover the neutral and adaptive evolutionary processes responsible for recent and ongoi ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Toxins occur in a broad diversity in nature and are produced by a wide array of organisms, including spiders, snails, or plants. Conotoxins are a class of toxins that are synthesized in the venom duct of the marine cone snail, genus Conus. The venom of each Conus species is composed of 100 different toxins that rapidly affect the prey organism at multiple targets. The majority of toxins target lig ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Pain is a major medical concern and there is an undeniable need to improve the therapeutic options in pain management. In this project, a simple model organism is used to identify and characterize new potential drug targets.Nociception is defined as the neural processes of encoding and processing noxious stimuli triggering pain. Nociception and temperature sensation are related processes. The gene ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Based on the clinical unmet needs and recent research in biomarkers on Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Osteoarthritis (OA) the main objective of the project is to develop a nanotechnology based novel diagnostic tool for easy and early detection of biomarkers in inflammatory diseases especially RA and OA by using modified superparamagnetic nanoparticles (SPION) for (A) bioassay (ex-vivo application) ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

Language, Cognition, and Gender (ITN-LCG)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2009, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2013,

The Initial Training Network - Language, Cognition, and Gender (ITN LCG) investigates European languages from an interdisciplinary perspective to expand current knowledge of how language influences and forms the cognitive representations of women and men. The diversity of Europe offers a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of language and culture in establishing and maintaining gender ine ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Quality Collectives: Socially Intelligent Systems for Quality (QLectives)

Date du début: 1 mars 2009, Date de fin: 31 août 2013,

Using a complexity perspective, QLectives will understand, experiment with, design and build cooperative socially intelligent ICT systems composed of self-organising peers, that will enable and support emergent 'quality collectives' to enhance, for instance, scientific innovation and decentralized media distribution.We shall bring together complex system scientists, social scientists and distribut ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 

Probing the relevance of carbene binding motifs in enzyme reactivity (carbenzymes)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2008, Date de fin: 30 juin 2013,

Histidine (His) is an ubiquitous ligand in the active site of metalloenzymes that is assumed by default to bind the metal center through one of its nitrogen atoms. However, protonation of His, which is likely to occur in locally slightly acidic environment, gives imidazolium sites that can bind a metal in a carbene-type structure as found in N-heterocyclic carbene complexes. Such carbene bonding h ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Dynamic Near Field Imaging (DyNeFI)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2010, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2012,

Dynamic Light Scattering is a widespread technique for measuring fluid properties in soft matter. It is used to investigate complex fluids, colloids, proteins, nano-particles, but also samples of bio-physical and medical interest. The advent of pixilated sensors like CCD cameras and fast computers allowed the design of different imaging techniques aimed at providing the same quantitative informati ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Connections between algorithmic and geometric properties of groups (LCFRI)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2008, Date de fin: 31 août 2012,

"The topic of this project is the study of groups from a variety of perspectives: algorithmic, combinatorial, geometric and algebraic. The common thread of this work will be solving equations in groups, and understanding what kind of role the nature of the solutions obtained plays in determining the properties of the groups. We will solve problems in areas that range from fixed point theory in fre ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Action for the Science of complex SYtems for Socially intelligent icT (ASSYST)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2009, Date de fin: 31 mars 2012,

Description ASSYST will coordinate research around the call Science of complex systems for socially intelligent ICT (COSI-ICT) in the context of the wider science of complex systems (CS).ASSYST will make Complex Systems science and the potential of COSI-ICT better understood by scientific policy makers and funders at national and internation ...
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 15

 TERMINÉ 
Recent technological advances allow the targeted production of objects and materials in the nanoscale (smaller than 100 nm). Nanomaterials have chemical, physical and bioactive characteristics, which are different from those of larger entities of the same materials. Nanoparticles can pass through body barriers. This is interesting for medical applications, but it raises concerns about their health ...
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 26

 TERMINÉ 

An integrated concept of tumor metastasis: implications for therapy (TuMIC)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2008, Date de fin: 31 mars 2012,

From many perspectives our concept of the process of metastasis is inadequate and needs to be revised. In particular, the potential impact of recent ideas about the cellular basis of tumor growth (cancer stem cells) and the establishment by remote tumors of special permissive microenvironments in target organs prior to metastasis (metastatic niches) remains to be explored. In the TuMIC project we ...
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 14

 TERMINÉ 
The practice of adding micron sized inorganic filler particles to reinforce polymeric materials can be traced back to the early years of the composite industry. With synthetic methods that can produce nanometer sized fillers, resulting in an enormous increase of surface area, polymers reinforced with nanoscale particles should show vastly improved properties. Yet, experimental evidence suggests th ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Enhancements of Pest Risk Analysis Techniques (PRATIQUE)

Date du début: 1 mars 2008, Date de fin: 31 mai 2011,

"PRATIQUE (Enhancements of Pest Risk Analysis Techniques) will carry out all the key work listed in the call and address the major challenges for pest risk analysis (PRA) in Europe. This will be achieved through three principal objectives: to assemble the datasets required to construct effective PRAs valid for the whole of the EU, to conduct multi-disciplinary research that enhances the techniques ...
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 15

 TERMINÉ 
This project explores how ICT and the lessons learned from the social Web can be applied to provide a radical paradigm shift in the way scientific knowledge is created, evaluated, and maintained. We argue that the novel technologies can enable a transition of the "scientific paper" form its traditional "solid" form, (i.e. a crystallization in space and time of a scientific knowledge artifact) to a ...
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 6

 TERMINÉ 
Protein mixtures are essential ingredients in a multitude of natural and synthetic complex systems, such as the eye lens, the blood stream, the cytoplasm of living cells, yoghurt, and so forth. Research on protein interactions is thus pivotal to gain insight in the stability of such soft matter systems, in their structural and dynamical properties, and in their (biological) function. As nearly all ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Considerable effort is currently being devoted to the miniaturization of electronic devices to the nanometer scale, ideally affording systems that operate on a molecular level. Chemist’s contribution to this research area has thus far concentrated on the preparation of organic OR inorganic materials. For example, purely metallic GaAs and GaP nanowires have been constructed for semiconductor appli ...
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 1