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 EN COURS 

Quantum electronic states in delafossite oxides (QUESTDO)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2021,

One of the most active challenges of modern solid state physics and chemistry is harnessing the unique and varied physical properties of transition-metal oxides. From improved electrodes for solar cells to loss-less transmission of power, these compounds hold the potential to transform our daily lives. Subtle collective quantum states underpin their diverse properties. These complicate their ph ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Roma Civic Emancipation Between The Two World Wars (RomaInterbellum)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2021,

Over the past two decades the Roma issue has become one of the most current topics in European public space and also became especially relevant in academia. Despite of this there are still not researched topics, such as history of the Roma in the period between WWI and WWII, and the appearance and development of social and political projects proposed by Roma. The present proposal has the ambitious ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Atmospheric oxygen is fundamental to life as we know it, but its concentration has changed dramatically over Earth’s 4.5 billion year history. An amazing qualitative story has emerged, in which Earth’s atmosphere was devoid of free oxygen for the first 2 billion years of planetary history, with two significant increases in concentration at ~2.4 and ~0.55 billion years ago. Both oxygenation event ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Optical Infrared Coordination Network for Astronomy (OPTICON)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

Europe has become a global leader in optical-near infrared astronomy through excellence in space and ground-based experimental and theoretical research. While the major infrastructures are delivered through major national and multi-national agencies (ESO, ESA) their continuing scientific competitiveness requires a strong community of scientists and technologists distributed across Europe’s nations ...
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 34

 EN COURS 
Human cognition reflects the necessities of living in social groups transmitting cultural knowledge. Human minds are, richly and deeply, social minds. Working together we aim to better understand social minds by testing a new integrated theory with innovative methodologies.Joint action and communication both build and exploit common ground. At a basic level common ground is tied to shared percepti ...
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 2

 EN COURS 

Multi-Scale Coronal Heating: A New Approach to an Old Question. (CORONALDOLLS)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2020,

CORONALDOLLS will tackle the long-standing question of the extremely high temperatures in the Sun’s outer atmosphere (corona) by taking a modern, progressive approach: forward modelling (creating synthetic observations) will be used to (i) link 3D numerical simulations of in-depth models with large scale computational experiments and (ii) provide observational diagnostics to compare models to high ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
The aim of WORKANDHOME is to develop a new framework for understanding fundamental changes currently taking place to work that situates individuals as economic actors within the context of their wider life domains, household, home and neighbourhood. This will break new ground in how we understand and classify economic activity, the home, the firm, places of economic activity, labour markets and ‘r ...
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 4

 TERMINÉ 
"The EU-LAC-MUSEUMS project directly meets the challenge of fostering EU-CELAC relations by studying the close connections between Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) in the field of community museology. To address this challenge, EU-LAC-MUSEUMS assembles a team of leading academics, museum professionals and policy makers elected by the European and LAC Regional Alliances of the Inter ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 
Human technology is vastly superior to that of other apes: human tools from telescopes to the Large Hadron Collider exploit causal relationships but also explore them. What change over the brief course of hominid evolution made for such a big difference? One theory implicates a single cognitive distinction: the ability to reinterpret the world in abstract terms. In contrast, in several studies, ch ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Advanced Bioderived and Biocompatible Lasers (ABLASE)

Date du début: 1 juin 2015, Date de fin: 31 mai 2020,

Naturally occurring optical phenomena attract great attention and transform our ability to study biological processes, with “the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein (GFP)” (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008) being a particularly successful example. Although found only in very few species in nature, most organisms can be genetically programmed to produce the brightly fluorescent ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Five of the 20 raw materials identified by the European Commission as critical are commonly found in association with alkaline rocks and carbonatites (heavy and light rare earth elements, niobium, fluorspar, and phosphate). Other elements increasingly important for ‘hi-tech’ applications, and found in these rocks include hafnium (Hf), tantalum (Ta), scandium (Sc) and zirconium (Zr). In fact, there ...
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 12

 TERMINÉ 

Advanced BiomEdical OPTICAL Imaging and Data Analysis (BE-OPTICAL)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2019,

Biomedical imaging is a research field that is producing ground breaking scientific discoveries that enhance the health and life quality of European citizens and have a huge economic impact. In order to maintain Europe’s leading position in the field, it is crucial to invest in the people who will lead R&D, and to promote the academic-private sector partnerships that will transfer the novel techno ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 

Coordinated Research Infrastructures Building Enduring Life-science services (CORBEL)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2019,

The social and economic challenges of ageing populations and chronic disease can only be met by translation of biomedical discoveries to new, innovative and cost effective treatments. The ESFRI Biological and Medical Research Infrastructures (BMS RI) underpin every step in this process; effectively joining scientific capabilities and shared services will transform the understanding of biological m ...
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 39

 TERMINÉ 
OpenDreamKit will deliver a flexible toolkit enabling research groups to set up Virtual Research Environments, customised to meet the varied needs of research projects in pure mathematics and applications and supporting the full research life-cycle from exploration, through proof and publication, to archival and sharing of data and code.OpenDreamKit will be built out of a sustainable ecosystem of ...
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 17

 TERMINÉ 
"The objective of DEPRIVEDHOODS is to come to a better understanding of the relationship between socio-economic inequality, poverty and neighbourhoods. The spatial concentration of poverty within cities is of great concern to national governments, partly based on a belief in neighbourhood effects: the idea that living in deprived neighbourhoods has an additional negative effect on residents’ life ...
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 5

 TERMINÉ 
"We aim to consolidate a trans-disciplinary research programme in which synthetic biology is harnessed to enable synthetic chemistry. We will utilise this approach to expeditiously access series of previously intractable natural product analogues.There is an urgent need for the discovery and development of new drugs and in particular new antibiotics. More than 13 million lives worldwide are curren ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Marine (blue) biotechnology is the key to unlocking the huge economic potential of the unique biodiversity of marine organisms. This potential remains largely underexploited due to lack of connectivity between research services, practical and cultural difficulties in connecting science with industry, and high fragmentation of regional research, development and innovation (RDI) policies. To overcom ...
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 27

 TERMINÉ 

Mesopelagic Southern Ocean Prey and Predators (MESOPP)

Date du début: 1 juin 2016, Date de fin: 31 mai 2019,

Mesopelagic Southern Ocean Prey and Predators The underlying concept of MESOPP is the creation of a collaborative network and associated e-infrastructure (marine ecosystem information system) between European and Australian research teams/institutes sharing similar interests in the Southern Ocean and Antarctica, its marine ecosystem functioning and the rapid changes occurring with the climate warm ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 

DAtacommunications based on NanophotoniC Resonators (DANCER)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2013, Date de fin: 31 mai 2019,

A key challenge for the 21st century is, therefore to provide billions of people with the means to access, move and manipulate, what has become, huge volumes of information. The environmental and economic implications becoming serious, making energy efficient data communications key to the operation of today’s society.In this project, the Principal Investigator will develop a new framework for opt ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
ENVRIPLUS is a cluster of research infrastructures (RIs) for Environmental and Earth System sciences, built around ESFRI roadmap and associating leading e-infrastructures and Integrating Activities together with technical specialist partners. ENVRIPLUS is driven by 3 overarching goals: 1) favoring cross-fertilization between infrastructures, 2) implementing innovative concepts and devices across R ...
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 37

 TERMINÉ 
"The fundamental importance of oxide-based systems in technology, energy materials, geochemistry and catalysis, and the presence of oxygen in many biomaterials, should have resulted in oxygen nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy emerging as a vital tool for materials characterization. NMR offers an element-specific, atomic-scale probe of the local environment, providing a potentially powe ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

The primate precursors of human consonants and vowels (THE VERBAL APE)

Date du début: 1 avr. 2017, Date de fin: 31 mars 2019,

... he project has gathered the best hosting conditions conceivable within the field of primate cognition research and is to be conducted in the prestigious School of Psychology and Neuroscience of University of St. Andrews, UK, and to be co-supervised by the prominent and prolific authors Prof. Josep Call and Prof. Klaus Zuberbühler.
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

New chemical biology for tailoring novel therapeutics (NCB-TNT)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2019,

"Most of our drugs derive from natural products, many more natural products possess biological activity but our inability to synthesise novel analogues hampers our ability to use them either as tools or medicines. Cyclic peptides are common structural motifs in natural products and medicines (vancomycin, gramicidin). They are widely recognised to constitute a promising and still underexploited cla ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
The main goal of this project is to train the next generation of experts on the Caspian region in order to establish, and make sustainable, a network of excellence. This will be achieved through an integrated PhD programme on the Caspian that boosts the researchers’ theoretical, empirical and administrative skills, a thing that will make them extremely competitive for employment in both academic a ...
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 7

 TERMINÉ 
The COSMICC consortium gathers key industrial and research partners with world-leading positions in the fields of Silicon photonics, CMOS electronics, Printed Circuit Board-Packaging, Optical transceivers and Data-Centers around a strong vision: mass commercialization of Si-photonics-based transceivers is possible starting in 2019 by enhancing the existing photonic integration platform of one of t ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 
... y at pilot-scale. The industrial relevance of these NPMs will be demonstrated in four applications: gas storage, air purification, heat pump and health care.The consortium is composed of 5 RTO, 1 university and 1 association together with 6 industrial partners, including 2 SMEs and a spin-off being created; linking technology providers and academic partners with industrial end-users. The consortiu ...
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 12

 TERMINÉ 
Growing and maintaining a large brain entails substantial energetic costs. A large brain can evolve if costs are compensated by benefits from associated cognitive abilities. Leading hypotheses for brain evolution consider benefits arising from the solution of ecological and social problems. However, progress has been hindered by the unavailability of mathematical theory generating testable hypothe ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Small States in Europe: Towards a Cross-Disciplinary Approach

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2018,

Small state studies are a growing discipline within International Relations, where it is an increasingly accepted notion that in order to fully understand the intricate structure of the international community it is important to study all states – small and large. The discipline has clear cross-sectoral relevance with its focus on the specific challenges facing small states in all areas of public ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 

Acoustic species recognition in delphinids (ASRD)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2016, Date de fin: 30 juin 2018,

Species recognition is a major function of animal communication signals. A lack of recognition can carry fitness costs due to failed breeding attempts and other challenges. Individual recognition can also have fitness implications, as the ability to recognize individuals is important for mother-offspring interactions and in species that form alliances to improve their fitness. Both species and ind ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Biodiversity CHANGE is a major, but still underappreciated, threat to humanity. It arises when there is unprecedented turnover in the identities of species that comprise ecological assemblages. To understand, monitor and ameliorate this CHANGE, and to enable appropriate societal responses, policy makers and conservation managers urgently need access to the best possible data. At present the abilit ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Foundations for computing with infinite linear groups (InfGroups)

Date du début: 1 mai 2016, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2018,

This project is in computational group theory (CGT), a novel domain of algebra at the interface with computer science. The main objective of the project is to build up a new area of CGT – computing with groups generated by a finite set of matrices over an infinite field. This entails: (i) development of a methodology to handle the main classes of finitely generated linear groups in a computer; (ii ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Star Formation and the Galactic Ecology (ECOGAL)

Date du début: 1 mai 2012, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2018,

We will construct the first self-consistent models of star formation that follow the galactic scale flowswhere molecular clouds form yet still resolve the star formation and feedback events down to sub-parsec scales.By following the full galactic ecology, the life cycle of gas from the interstellar medium into stars and their radiative and kinematic output back intothe galaxy, we will develop a co ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"There is great interest in organic materials with semiconducting electronic properties. This arises from both a scientific point of view (how can a plastic be a semiconductor?) and a technological point of view as these materials can be used to make light-emitting diodes, lasers and solar cells. The performance of all these devices is strongly affected by exciton diffusion, a process that is li ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"The RePhrase project directly meets the challenge of ICT-09-2014, by studying the critically important issue of improving software development practice for parallel data-intensive applications. Data-intensive applications are among the most important and commonly encountered kinds of industrial application, and are increasingly important withthe emergence of ""big data"" problems. Emerging hetero ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 
Connectivity is broadly defined as the exchange of individuals between populations. Assessment of connectivity is a key goal in ecology, evolution and conservation biology. At the ecological level, connectivity is key in the persistence and resilience of populations. At the evolutionary level, connectivity influences local adaptation.In the marine environment, ecologists have primarily focused on ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
... directly measured. Isotopes provide a useful tool to track climate-related processes today and in the geologic past, thus extending our understanding of forcings beyond the instrumental record. At University of St Andrews I will be setting up and developing new and established isotope techniques to further our understanding of climate forcings, responses, and feedbacks on decadal to millennial ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Organic Light-Emitting Diodes for Optogenetic Control of Neurons (NeurOLED)

Date du début: 1 mars 2016, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2018,

Optogenetics is an emerging new method in biology for the non-invasive control of neuronal behaviour with light. NeurOLED will develop and validate a novel, biocompatible light source that provides unprecedented high-resolution, real-time optogenetic control of neurons. At the heart of the new devices are organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) that are brought into direct contact with neuronal cell ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

"FLUOR21 : Synthesis, structure and function of fluorinated systems" (FLUOR21)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2018,

"Organofluorine chemistry has played a significant role in the majority of the spectacular scientific and technological developments of thepast century although this is not widely recognised even by the scientific community. Fluoroorganic molecules are key components in anever increasing number of high-value commercially important products particularly in the life science industries. The use of fl ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 

Advanced studies of trapping and rotation of nanoparticles in vacuum (VoidTrap)

Date du début: 1 mars 2016, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2018,

The aim of this proposal is to explore new and innovative routes to confine and cool trapped microparticles in vacuum. The elegance of trapping such microparticles in vacuum arises from the absence of any physical contact with the environment leading to any routes of dissipation. The challenge is to hold such particles in strong, highly localised traps, cool them and explore physics at the classic ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Understanding how and why galaxies form and evolve is one of the most challenging problems in modern astrophysics. Our own galaxy, the Milky Way, shows order and structure, as do most massive galaxies in our local neighbourhood. Yet when we look to very distant galaxies they are disordered and chaotic. The leading theory for the origin of this transformation invokes gas-rich mergers, which trigger ...
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 1