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Plus de 40 projets européens trouvés

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 EN COURS 

LEaDing Fellows

Date du début: 2 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 1 janv. 2022,

The LEaDing Fellow Programme offers 90 two-year postdoc positions to ambitious and excellent researchers who want to perform research in a challenging, internationally esteemed and multidisciplinary environment. The aim is to help them to develop new research skills and a view on career options in academic research or in an industrial or public setting. The programme is a joint initiative of Delft ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Do even the smallest clouds simply drift with the wind? Vast areas of our oceans and land are covered with shallow cumulus clouds. These low-level clouds are receiving increased attention as uncertainties in their representation in global climate models lead to a spread in predictions of future climate. This attention emphasizes radiative and thermodynamic impacts of clouds, which are thought to e ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Eliminating Oxygen Requirements in Yeasts (ELOXY)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2021,

Replacement of petrochemistry-based transport fuels and bulk chemicals by industrial biotechnology requires cost-efficient microbial processes, whose feedstock-to-product conversion efficiencies approach theoretical maxima. For many products, such high efficiencies require anaerobic processes and, consequently, industrial microorganisms capable of robust anaerobic growth. Yeasts are robust micro-o ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Geographic data about urban objects (buildings, roads) is needed to monitor and control processes within modern urban areas (noise, flooding, energy demand-supply). As these processes occur in 3D, urban applications require 3D data and each application requires its own specific semantic and geometric Level of Detail (LoD) of the 3D data.The scientific challenge of this project is that it requires ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
"Recently I revealed a deep operational analogy between an exotic material and an electronic device, i.e. between a 3-dimensional topological solid and a 4-terminal superconducting junction. Specifically, the 3d Weyl singularities revealed in the energy spectrum of this quantum device give rise to quantized trans-conductance in two leads that is typical for 2-dimensional topological Quantum Hall m ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Spin correlations by atomic design (SPINCAD)

Date du début: 1 août 2016, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2021,

Unexpected physical phenomena occurring in materials often result from the complex interplay between spins on the atomic scale. The field of quantum magnetism aims to capture the rich emergent physics that arises when multiple spins interact. While experimental techniques are available to probe the global quantum magnetic properties of materials, they fail to reveal the role of local features such ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Quantum Optomechanics in 3D (QOM3D)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2016, Date de fin: 30 juin 2021,

Optomechanics is a field that aims to detect and control mechanical motion with light, ultimately at the quantum level. Experiments reaching the mechanical quantum ground state established optomechanics as a rapidly growing new field. Now that the quantum ground state has been reached, what is the next step?The current goal of the field is quantum superposition states of motion. An example of this ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Friction and wear are liable for enormous losses in terms of energy and resources in modern society. Costs related to unwanted friction in industrialised countries are estimated to be about 3% of the gross domestic product. Urgency is even greater nowadays as friction between micro-components has become the bottleneck of several applications for which miniaturisation is critical.Lubrication is a ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
The Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) is losing mass at an increasing pace, in response to atmospheric and ocean forcing. The mechanisms leading to the observed mass loss are poorly understood. It is not clear whether the current trends will be sustained into the future, and how they are affected by regional and global climate variability. In addition, the impacts of Greenland deglaciation on the local a ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Designer Quantum Materials Out of Equilibrium (AlterMateria)

Date du début: 1 juin 2016, Date de fin: 31 mai 2021,

Recently, ‘designer’ quantum materials, synthesised layer by layer, have been realised, sparking ground-breaking new scientific insights. These artificial materials, such as oxide heterostructures, are interesting building blocks for a new generation of technologies, provided that one is able to access, study and ultimately control their quantum phases in practical conditions such as at room tempe ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
A key question in biology is how cells at different locations communicate through signalling molecules so that cells at the right place and time turn on the right genes. Such coordination is vital for many processes including the development of all embryos. A common set of strategies that cells from distinct organisms use to coordinate their gene expression has long been elusive. Finding it requir ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Strong single-photon radiation-pressure coupling for quantum optomechanics (STRONG-Q)

Date du début: 1 mars 2016, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2021,

While quantum physics is one of the most successful theories in modern science, it remains a puzzle why we do not observe quantum effects in our macroscopic every-day life. Quantum theory in fact does not pose an inherent limit on the size and mass of a quantum system. The field of optomechanics has been established with the explicit goal of testing massive, macroscopic quantum states. Here, the r ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Quantum communication networks (QINTERNET)

Date du début: 1 mars 2016, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2021,

My goal is to overcome the two-most pressing theoretical challenges necessary to build large-scale quantum communication networks: routing and designing protocols that use them to solve useful tasks. In two interconnected projects, I will devise entirely new concepts, models and mathematical methods that take into account the intricacies of real world quantum devices that can operate on only very ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Meta-biomaterials: 3D printing meets Origami (BIO-ORIGAMI)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2016, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2021,

Meta-materials, best known for their extraordinary properties (e.g. negative stiffness), are halfway from both materials and structures: their unusual properties are direct results of their complex 3D structures. This project introduces a new class of meta-materials called meta-biomaterials. Meta-biomaterials go beyond meta-materials by adding an extra dimension to the complex 3D structure, i.e. c ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Advanced Radio Astronomy in Europe (RadioNet)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

RadioNet is a consortium of 28 institutions in Europe, Republic of Korea and South Africa, integrating at European level world-class infrastructures for research in radio astronomy. These include radio telescopes, telescope arrays, data archives and the globally operating European Network for Very Long Baseline Interferometry (EVN). RadioNet is de facto widely regarded to represent the interests o ...
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 29

 EN COURS 
"ONE-FLOW translates ‘vertical hierarchy’ of chemical multistep synthesis with its complex machinery into self-organising ‘horizontal hierarchy’ of a compartmentalized flow reactor system – a biomimetic digital flow cascade machinery with just one reactor passage. To keep horizontal hierarchy manageable, orthogonality among the consecutive reactions needs to be increased. The winning point of natu ...
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 8

 EN COURS 
A step change in our noise mitigation strategies is required in order to meet the environmental targets set for a number of sectors of activity affecting people through noise exposure. Besides being a hindrance to our daily life and subject to regulations, noise emission is also a competitive issue in today’s global market. To address these issues, new technologies have been emerging recently, bas ...
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 13

 EN COURS 

ROS-Industrial quality-assured robot software components (ROSIN)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

ROSIN will create a step change in the availability of high-quality intelligent robot software components for the European industry. This is achieved by building on the existing open-source “Robot Operating System” (ROS) framework and leveraging its worldwide community. ROS and its subsidiary ROS-Industrial (European side led by TU Delft and Fraunhofer) is well-known, but its European industrial p ...
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 7

 EN COURS 
International terrorism, e.g. Al Qaeda, IS, is a major global security threat. Counter-terrorism is a morally complex enterprise involving police, military, intelligence agencies and non-security agencies. Counter-terrorism should be framed as a collective moral responsibility of governments, security institutions and citizens. (1) How is international terrorism to be defined? (2) What is the requ ...
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 2

 EN COURS 
The aim of the work proposed here is to develop a completely new method to electronically dope assemblies of semiconductor nanocrystals (a.k.a quantum dots, QDs), and porous semiconductors in general. External dopants are added on demand in the form of electrolyte ions in the voids between QDs. These ions will be introduced via electrochemical charge injection, and will subsequently be immobilized ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Collapse Of Atmospheric Turbulence (COAT)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2016, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

This project aims to predict the cessation of continuous turbulence in the evening boundary layer. The interaction between the lower atmosphere and the surface is studied in detail, as this plays a crucial role in the dynamics. Present generation forecasting models are incapable to predict whether or not turbulence will survive or collapse under cold conditions. In nature, both situations frequent ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Hybrid Optomechanical Technologies (HOT)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

The hybrid optomechanical technologies (HOT) consortium will lay the foundation for a new generation of devices, which connect, or indeed contain, several platforms at the nanoscale in a single “hybrid” system. As hybrid interfaces they will allow to harness the unique advantages of each subsystem within a nano-scale footprint, while as integrated hybrid devices they will enable entirely novel fun ...
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 17

 EN COURS 
TREASURE will provide specialist training in the strategic and emerging area of European GNSS. Collectively, GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) includes systems such as the US Global Positioning System (GPS) and the Russian GLONASS, as well as the new, under development systems like China’s Beidou and most importantly Europe’s Galileo. Galileo is what we call the European GNSS (EGNSS) and ...
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 9

 EN COURS 
CHASSY will unlock the full potential of the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Yarrowia lipolytica and Kluyveromyces marxianus as cell factories for production of high value compounds which have applications in the cosmetic, nutraceutical and white biotechnology sectors. Current cell factory strains for these classes of product are restricted to proof-of-principle levels because of limited precurso ...
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 10

 EN COURS 

Precision Additive Metal Manufacturing (PAM^2)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2016, Date de fin: 30 nov. 2020,

Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a fast−growing sector with the ability to evoke a revolution in manufacturing due to its almost unlimited design freedom and its capability to produce personalised parts locally and with efficient material use. AM companies however still face technological challenges such as limited precision due to shrinkage and build−in stresses and limited process stability and ro ...
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 10

 EN COURS 

Network for Innovative Training on ROtorcraft Safety (NITROS)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2016, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2020,

Helicopters and the other vertical flight vehicles, like tilt-rotors, compound helicopters, hybrids and rapidly expanding class of easy to fly vertical take-off personal vehicles, are expected to see widespread use in the future especially as means of transport, exploiting the formidable capability to provide point-to-point connections.However, if the expansion of the usage of rotorcraft vehicles ...
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 4

 EN COURS 
A major challenge in contemporary traffic and transportation theory is having a comprehensive understanding of pedestrians and cyclists behaviour. This is notoriously hard to observe, since sensors providing abundant and detailed information about key variables characterising this behaviour have not been available until very recently. The behaviour is also far more complex than that of the much be ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

High Performance Soft-tissue Navigation (HiPerNav)

Date du début: 1 nov. 2016, Date de fin: 31 oct. 2020,

Primary liver cancer, which consists predominantly of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is the fifth most common cancer worldwide and the third most common cause of cancer mortality. A successful surgical resection of HCC requires complete removal of the tumour while sparing as much healthy tissue as possible. Due to technical and clinical difficulties relatively low percentage of patients are eligi ...
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 10

 EN COURS 
Around 461 million ton/year of C&DW are generated in EU28. Recent studies on the characterization of C&DW samples at European level revealed a predominant fraction of concrete (52% average). Over the last years, novel technology has been developed aiming to guarantee high quality recycled concrete aggregates for use in new concrete, thereby closing the concrete loop. The most advanced concrete re ...
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 15

 EN COURS 
Chemistry is fundamental to nanotechnology, as chemistry can prepare specifically tailored molecules to serve, in a bottom-up approach, as the building blocks for the fabrication of functional and structured nano-materials. Nanotechnology is the technology of the 21st century with applications from electronics to biotechnology and medicine. The next decade will thus be characterized by an increasi ...
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 14

 EN COURS 

Resituating the local in cohesion and territorial development (RELOCAL)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2016, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2020,

There is an increasing need for developing European Union Cohesion Policy in terms of greater sensitivity towards territorial specificities, more supportive of community-based development and the facilitation of greater civic participation. This also relates to the concern over decreasing identification with the European project among the population. Place-based development, endogenous regional de ...
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 13

 EN COURS 

Lens Antenna Arrays for Coherent THz Cameras (LAA-THz-CC)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2020,

The THz region was limited to applications in radio astronomy and space science. In recent years, THz systems have expanded into many more areas of science, defence, security, and non-destructive industrial applications. Microwave based THz cameras have demonstrated the highest sensitivity at large distances. However, their current state of the art is comparable to the first analog photographic ca ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Predictive and Accelerated Metabolic Engineering Network (PAcMEN)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2016, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2020,

The world economy is dependent on fossil resources: oil, gas and coal. The fossil resources are finite and their consumption causes catastrophic environmental changes. Therefore we need to move towards sustainable economy using renewable resources for energy and chemicals production. Via metabolic engineering approach, novel microbial cells can be created that can convert biomass and waste into fu ...
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 7

 EN COURS 

OMT - Optomechanical Technologies (OMT)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2016, Date de fin: 30 sept. 2020,

The proposed project is built on the successful training and research experience of the leading European research groups working in the field of cavity optomechanics. Our ENT unites a total of 14 leading groups in the field, of which two are major industrial players that utilize MEMS and NEMS - Bosch and IBM. The main goal of the project is to exploit optomechanical interactions in views of novel ...
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 14

 EN COURS 
A shift towards a more circular economy is crucial to achieve more sustainable and inclusive growth. Our objective is to provide local and regional authorities with an innovative transdisciplinary open source geodesign decision support environment (GDSE) developed and implemented in living labs in six metropolitan areas. The GDSE allows creating integrated, place-based eco-innovative spatial devel ...
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 18

 EN COURS 
Replacement of petrochemistry by bio-based processes is key to sustainable development and requires microbes equipped with novel-to-nature capabilities. The efficiency of such engineered microbes strongly depends on their native metabolic networks. However, aeons of evolution have optimized these networks for fitness in nature rather than for industrial performance. As a result, central metabolic ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Circular European Economy Innovative Training Network (CircEuit)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2016, Date de fin: 31 août 2020,

Circ€uit – the Circular European Economy Innovative Training Network - creates a cohort of future leaders in research, policy & business through its innovative training programme focused on the Circular Economy. Circular business models, based on leasing or providing functionality rather than products, often called Product Services Systems, are widely seen as a way how business can create sustaina ...
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 7

 TERMINÉ 

Building a Model Cell to Achieve Control of Cellular Organization (MODELCELL)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2014, Date de fin: 30 juin 2020,

A hallmark of profound understanding of the organization of a living cell is the ability to reconstitute essential cellular functionalities from minimal components. To achieve this breakthrough a concerted effort of cell biology, biochemistry and biophysics is required. Our project brings together this expertise to reconstitute the cell’s ability to control the organization of cytoskeletal network ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
Optical nanoscopy is a powerful technique used in biology to study subcellular structures and function via specifically targeted fluorescent labels. Localization microscopy in particular offers a much better resolution (~10-50 nm) than conventional microscopy (~250 nm) while being relatively undemanding on the experimental setup and the subsequent image analysis. The next revolution in imaging to ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Water as cosubstrate for biocatalytic redox reactions (BioAqua)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2015, Date de fin: 30 juin 2020,

The research proposed in BioAqua aims at breaking new ground in the area of catalysis by enabling water-driven biocatalytic redox reactions.Oxidoreductases are a class of enzymes with a very high potential for preparative organic synthesis, which is why they are increasingly used also on industrial scale. The current state-of-the-art, however, utilises valuable high-energy cosubstrates (such as gl ...
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 1