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 EN COURS 

Operator Based Representations for Geometry Processing (OPREP)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2021,

Geometric data is prevalent in many areas of science and technology. From the surface of the brain to the intricate shapes of free-form architecture, complex geometric structures arise in many fields, and problems such as analysis, processing and synthesis of geometric data are of great importance.One major challenge in tackling such problems is choosing an adequate discrete representation of the ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Cloud Wireless Networks: An Information Theoretic Framework (CloudRadioNet)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2016, Date de fin: 30 juin 2021,

This five years research proposal is focused on the development of novel information theoretic concepts and techniques and their usage, as to identify the ultimate communications limits and potential of different cloud radio network structures, in which the central signal processing is migrated to the cloud (remote central units), via fronthaul/backhaul infrastructure links. Moreover, it is also d ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Speed-Information Tradeoffs: Beyond Quasi-Entropy Analysis (SpeedInfTradeoff)

Date du début: 1 juin 2016, Date de fin: 31 mai 2021,

The starting point of this research proposal is a recent result by the PI, making progress in a half century old, notoriously open problem. In the mid 1960’s, Tukey and Cooley discovered the Fast Fourier Transform, an algorithm for performing one of the most important linear transformations in science and engineering, the (discrete) Fourier transform, in time complexity O(n log n).In spite of its ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Measurement based quantum computing is one of the most fault-tolerant architectures proposed for quantum information processing. It opens the possibility of performing quantum computing tasks using linear optical systems. An efficient route for measurement based quantum computing utilizes highly entangled states of photons, called cluster states. Propagation and processing quantum information is m ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Fundamental research on respiratory transport phenomena, quantifying momentum and mass transfer in the lung depths, is overwhelmingly focused on adults. Yet, children are not just miniature adults; their distinct lung structures and heterogeneous ventilation patterns set them aside from their parents. In RespMicroFlows, we will break this cycle and unravel the complex microflows characterizing alv ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
Cancer is the leading cause of death in the Western world and the second cause of death worldwide. Despite advances in medical research, 30% of cancer patients are prescribed a medication the tumor does not respond to, or, alternatively, drugs that induce adverse side effects patients' cannot tolerate.Nanotechnologies are becoming impactful therapeutic tools, granting tissue-targeting and cellular ...
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 1

 EN COURS 
The interaction and communication between individual cells plays a central role in virtually all fields of biology, from the cooperative work of cells in the immune system, through the differentiation of stem cells, and to the proliferation of cancer cells. In recent years it has been shown that these processes are fundamentally coupled to cell-to-cell heterogeneity and variability. Despite the fa ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Cracking the Translation Regulatory Code (TranslationRegCode)

Date du début: 1 mars 2016, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2021,

Organisms across all kingdoms share several systems that are essential to life, one of the most central being protein synthesis. Living in a continuously changing environment, cells need to constantly respond to various environmental cues and change their protein landscape. In extreme cases, cells globally shut down protein synthesis and upregulate stress-protective proteins. Mechanisms of transla ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Smart multifunctional GLA-nanoformulation for Fabry disease (Smart-4-Fabry)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2017, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2020,

Lysosomal storage disorders (LSD) diseases are a group of rare diseases that currently lack a definitive cure. LSD incidence is about 1:5,000 - 1:10,000, representing a serious global health problem. In the case of Fabry LSD Disease (FD), the deficiency in α-Galactosidase A (GLA) enzyme activity results in the cellular accumulation of neutral glycosphingolipids, leading to widespread vasculopathy ...
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 10

 EN COURS 
When natural sensory input is disrupted, as in outer-retinal degenerative diseases, artificial stimulation of surviving nerve cells offers a potential strategy for bypassing compromised neural circuits and substituting sensory perception. Current neuro-stimulation interfaces that use electrical currents from micro-electrode arrays are already being clinically applied for retinal stimulation, but t ...
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 1

 EN COURS 

Exploiting light and material interaction (lightMaterInt)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2015, Date de fin: 30 nov. 2020,

The interaction between light and material leads to beautiful visual phenomena that greatly enrich our perception of the world. The ability to measure and model light scattering is central to almost any field of science. However, light transport in rich scenes is a complex process involving a long sequence of scattering events. Computationally modeling, reproducing and acquiring the processes gen ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
The global need to move current human technologies into a sustainable future will have a great impact for the world of chemistry and related industries. In close concert with other disciplines, chemistry will be increasingly solicited to identify solutions that are practical, affordable and ultimately sustainable. To meet these objectives, not only research, but also chemical education will need p ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 
"In recent years, the importance of superimposing the contribution of the measure to that of the metric, in determining the underlying space's (generalized Ricci) curvature, has been clarified in the works of Lott, Sturm, Villani and others, following the definition of Curvature-Dimension introduced by Bakry and Emery. We wish to systematically incorporate this important idea of considering the me ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Topological phases arise from a fascinating interplay between quantum mechanics and many-body physics. They exhibit an abundance of extraordinary properties, such as protected edge and surface modes, exotic particle statistics, and non-local correlations. These make them not only scientifically stimulating, but also appealing for ground-breaking future applications, such as quantum computing using ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 
Viruses are extremely abundant in the oceans and majorly impact the marine ecosystem by influencing the abundance, diversity and evolution of their hosts. However, our understanding of marine viral physiology and ecology among different members of the virus community is conspicuously lacking. Preliminary data using a newly developed molecular method revealed drastic differences in field abundances ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Digital signal processing (DSP) is a revolutionary paradigm shift enabling processing of physical data in the digital domain where design and implementation are considerably simplified. However, state-of-the-art analog-to-digital convertors (ADCs) preclude high-rate wideband sampling and processing with low cost and energy consumption, presenting a major bottleneck. This is mostly due to a traditi ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
CREATE aims at developing innovative membrane electrode assemblies for low-temperature polymer-electrolyte fuel cell (FC) and electrolyzer (EL) with much reduced cost. This will be achieved via elimination or drastic reduction of critical raw materials in their catalysts, in particular platinum group metals (PGM).Key issues with present low-temperature FC & EL are the high contents of PGM in devic ...
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 13

 TERMINÉ 

New Thermodynamic for Frequency Conversion and Photovoltaics (ThforPV)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2015, Date de fin: 30 juin 2020,

"The Shockley Queisser (SQ) limits the efficiency of single junction photovoltaic (PV) cells and sets the maximum efficiency for Si PV at about 30%. This is because of two constraints: i. The energy PV generates at each conversion event is set by its bandgap, irrespective of the photon’s energy. Thus, energetic photons lose most of their energy to heat. ii. PV cannot harness photons at lower energ ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Non-Hermitian Quantum Wave Engineering (NHQWAVE)

Date du début: 1 mars 2016, Date de fin: 29 févr. 2020,

The concept of parity-time (PT)-symmetry is extensively studied now owing to the ubiquitous applications within the fields of optics, photonics, and plasmonics. Among the many recent developments in PT-systems, the application of pseudo-Hermitian ideas not only promises a new generation of photonic and plasmonic components such as lasers, spasers, modulators, waveguides, and detectors, but also op ...
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 3

 TERMINÉ 
"NanoPack will demonstrate a solution for extending food shelf life by using novel smart antimicrobial surfaces, applied in active food packaging products. It will run pilot lines in operational industrial environments to manufacture commercially feasible antimicrobial polymer films, accepted by consumers. It will minimize the amount of preservatives required to maintain freshness, add value and a ...
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 19

 TERMINÉ 
In this project we aim to train early-stage researchers in what is referred to as an outstanding challenge in solid mechanics: developing novel solutions for the analysis and design of aerospace and defense structures subjected to extreme loading conditions. Structural elements used in these sectors are frequently subjected to a large variety of unusually severe thermo-mechanical solicitations. On ...
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 5

 TERMINÉ 
The Vision of HypoSens is to develop a widely accepted,non-invasive and crucial prognostic tool for breast cancer progression in early stages to help clinicians and specially oncologists to decide about prompt therapy approaches to patients and improve quality of life and expectancy. Our breakthrough research will focus on the development, pre-clinical and clinical validation, and industrial demon ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 
The demand for lower dependency on critical raw materials (CRM) such as rare earths (RE) is not only a European but a global problem that demands immediate action. The purpose of this project is to exploit advanced theoretical and computation methods together with state-of-the-art materials preparation and characterization techniques, to develop the next generation RE-free/lean permanent magnets ( ...
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 18

 TERMINÉ 

Interfaces in opto-electronic thin film multilayer devices (INFORM)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2019,

Development of new materials over the past decade paved the way for organic/hybrid electronics into commercial applications. Now, perfection of material interfaces in organic/hybrid thin-film devices is key to drive the technology further and enable new, more advanced applications. INFORM offers a paradigm shift from focusing on materials to focusing on devices by probing, modelling and controllin ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Extremely Thin Absorbers for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage (ETASECS)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2014, Date de fin: 31 août 2019,

ETASECS aims at making a breakthrough in the development of photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells for solar-powered water splitting that can be readily integrated with PV cells to provide storage capacity in the form of hydrogen. It builds upon our recent invention for resonant light trapping in ultrathin films of iron oxide (a-Fe2O3), which enables overcoming the deleterious trade-off between light ab ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Organized Crime and Terrorist Networks (OC/TN) are a major challenge for the European Union and many different stakeholder groups are involved in creating awareness, preventing, identifying and intervene in case of risk or threat. But in order to develop better strategies and instruments, we still need a deeper understanding of these phenomena.TAKEDOWN therefore aims at generating such novel insig ...
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 19

 TERMINÉ 

Fabricating colloidal materials with microfluidics (Microflusa)

Date du début: 1 sept. 2015, Date de fin: 31 août 2019,

... ials. The project clearly focuses on this goal, by bringing together outstanding teams with complementary expertise: Microfluidics & Chemistry (ESPCI), Hydrodynamic theory & Condensed Matter Physics (Technion), Numerical Simulations (KTH). The WPs include the chemical synthesis of surfactants, high throughput production of building blocks, their crystallization into functional materials, emphasizi ...
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 6

 TERMINÉ 

Breakthrough solutions for adaptable envelopes for building refurbishment (BRESAER)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2015, Date de fin: 31 juil. 2019,

The overall objective of BRESAER project is to design, develop and demonstrate an innovative, cost-effective, adaptable and industrialized envelope system for buildings refurbishment including combined active and passive pre-fabricated solutions integrated in a versatile lightweight structural mesh:‒ Dynamic window with automatic and controlled air-tightness and insulated solar blinds complementin ...
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 17

 TERMINÉ 

Industrial Energy and Environment Efficiency (Indus3Es)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2015, Date de fin: 30 juin 2019,

Large quantities of waste heat are continuously rejected from industries. Most of this waste energy, however, is of low-quality and is not practical or economical to recover it with current technologies. The Indus3Es project will develop an innovative Absorption Heat Transformer (AHT) for this purpose, focused on low temperature waste heat recovery (below 130ºC). The Indus3Es System will effective ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 
Neuropathic pain (NP) is common (population prevalence of 7-8%) and will present a rising health burden in the future. NP results in significant morbidity, reduces quality of life and has a major deleterious impact on health in aging. The reason why some subjects develop neuropathic pain and others do not following the same injury is not known. The exact nature of risk factors for NP and their int ...
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 14

 TERMINÉ 

Genomic diagnostics beyond the sequence (BeyondSeq)

Date du début: 1 mai 2015, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2019,

Cytogenetic diagnostic approaches provide information on the single-chromosome level but suffer from low resolution and throughput. In contrast, next generation sequencing (NGS) based diagnostics provides single base resolution and high throughput but suffer from short reads that prevent analysis of large genomic aberrations as well as being prone to PCR-amplification bias and erasure of epigeneti ...
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 8

 TERMINÉ 
Mobility, important for well-being, is seriously impaired by chronic low back pain and osteoarthritis in many people due to degeneration of cartilaginous tissue of the intervertebral disc and joint. To develop a treatment for these diseases this ETN aims to combine expertise in novel highly advanced drug delivery carriers with dedicated targeting tools, state of the art imaging techniques and expe ...
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 11

 TERMINÉ 

Programming with Millions of Examples (PRIME)

Date du début: 1 mars 2014, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2019,

"The goal of this proposal is to make programming easier and more productive. We propose to develop novel program synthesis techniques, generating procedural code from declarative specifications.Existing techniques apply synthesis at such a fine grain that they can never hope to generate code of the richness and complexity required by application-level programmers. In contrast, we aim to develop s ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
This project aims at demonstrating the feasibility of a non-invasive, safe and patient-friendly methodology for on-site rapid diagnosis of tropical diseases. The proposed approach is based on breath samples analyses, which are easy to obtain and present no discomfort or risk for patients health. In this study will be enrolled patients with three different types of neglected tropical diseases (Hyda ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 

Next Generation Sparsity-Based Signal Modeling (SPARSE)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2013, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2018,

One could not imagine the vast progress made in signal and image processing in the past 50 years without the central contribution of data models. A model imposes a structure on the data, enabling numerous applications. Due to their importance, a considerable research attention has been devoted to the design and use of signal models. Through the past several decades, an evolution of contributions l ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Cement production for the construction industry contributes up to 5% of anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Developing more environmentally friendly concrete requires the assessment of strength for a diverse range of new cement materials. Similar issues arise during the development of biocompatible cements for medical applications. Properties of naturally cemented materials of organic origin are of key i ...
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 9

 TERMINÉ 

Nanophotonics by Nanocrystals, from integration to single photon operation (Phonsi)

Date du début: 1 janv. 2015, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2018,

Phonsi is a research and training program on the development of nanophotonic devices by means of colloidal nanocrystals. Working at the cross-roads of nanomaterials and nanophotonics, it brings together multinational and start-up companies with universities and research institutes around a research programme combining the synthesis and analysis of quantum dots (QDs) with the formation of QD-based ...
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 7

 TERMINÉ 
Errors are a recurring fact of organizational life and the wisdom of managing and learning from errors is incontrovertible. In particular, medical errors in the health care industry, defined as avoidable adverse outcomes or injuries to patients stemming from healthcare processes, pose serious threats to human life and have an impact on total national costs. Yet, healthcare organizations that achie ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Variety, Veracity, VaLue: Handling the Multiplicity of Urban Sensors (VaVeL)

Date du début: 1 déc. 2015, Date de fin: 30 nov. 2018,

Urban environments are awash with data from fixed and mobile sensors and monitoring infrastructures from public, private, or industry sources. Making such data useful would enable developing novel big data applications to benefit the citizens of Europe in areas such as transportation, infrastructures, and crime prevention. Urban data is heterogeneous, noisy, and unlabeled, which severely reduces ...
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 10

 TERMINÉ 
STREPSYNTH aims to set-up a Streptomyces-based new industrial production platform (SNIP) for high value added biomolecules. Streptomyces lividans was chosen as a bacterial host cell because it has been already shown to be highly efficient for the extracellular production of a number of heterologous molecules that vary chemically, has a robust tradition of industrial fermentation and is fully acces ...
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 17