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13 projets européens trouvés

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 EN COURS 
Organic semiconductors are enabling flexible, large-area optoelectronic devices, such as organic light-emitting diodes, transistors, and solar cells. Due to their exceptionally long spin lifetimes, these carbon-based materials could also have an important impact on spintronics, where carrier spins, rather than charges, play a key role in transmitting, processing and storing information. However, t ...
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 5

 TERMINÉ 

Photon-Spin Entanglement in Hybrid Cluster State Architectures (PHOENiCS)

Date du début: 1 mai 2014, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2019,

The last decade has witnessed quantum mechanics and information science merge for the debut of experimental quantum information processing. Despite the number of promising physical systems as candidates for quantum bits, scalability via a brute force approach faces serious technical obstacles. Developing distributed quantum networks is possibly the answer to the stringent demand of controllable in ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Dynamics, noise, and coupling in gene circuit modules (Coupled gene circuit)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2014, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2019,

Cells must integrate output from multiple genetic circuits in order to correctly control cellular processes. Despite much work characterizing regulation in these circuits, how circuits interact to control global cellular programs remains unclear. This is particularly true given that recent research at the single cell level has revealed that genetic circuits often generate variable or stochastic re ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Transgressive Inheritance in plant Breeding and Evolution (TRIBE)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2014, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2019,

"New varieties of plant and animal are produced by hybridisation of closely related varieties or species. This process generates ""transgressive"" traits that are outside the parental range. Transgressive phenotypes in hybrids may involve complementation of genetic differences between the two parents, heterozygous advantage, genetic rearrangements and, from our recent work, epigenetic effects ass ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

ACCRETING BLACK HOLES AND COSMIC FEEDBACK (FEEDBACK)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2014, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2019,

"The black hole at the centre of every massive galaxy bulge appears toplay a controlling role in the final stellar mass of that bulge. Thisis especially true for the most massive galaxies at the centres ofcool core clusters where X-ray observations clearly show energy beingfed back into the surrounding gas which would otherwise cool and formmore stars at high rates. Although the total energy budge ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Tool Use As A Tool For Understanding Causal Cognition In Humans And Corvids (CAUSCOG)

Date du début: 1 févr. 2014, Date de fin: 31 janv. 2019,

"Our ability to understand causality is at the very core of modern civilization. We see potential antecedents of this understanding in some non-human animals, notably apes and corvids. To date, behaviour thought to be indicative of causal understanding, particularly tool-use, has been mainly described as a phenomenon rather than studied as a mechanism and thus suffers from the lack of an experimen ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

Hydrodynamic Synchronisation in Model and Biological Systems (HydroSync)

Date du début: 1 mai 2014, Date de fin: 30 avr. 2018,

Cilia and flagella beating in synchronised patterns give rise to metachronal waves, beautiful examples of emergent behaviour in biology. These collective dynamical states are essential in life, transporting nutrients and clearing pathogens; they arise from the mechanical interaction of individual cilia mediated by the viscous fluid.Severe pathologies are associated with cilia malfunction in humans ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 

Axon survival: the role of protein synthesis (AXONSURVIVAL)

Date du début: 1 mars 2013, Date de fin: 28 févr. 2018,

"Neurons make long-distance connections with synaptic targets via axons. These axons survive throughout the lifetime of an organism, often many years in mammals, yet how axons are maintained is not fully understood. Recently, we provided in vivo evidence that local mRNA translation in mature axons is required for their maintenance. This new finding, along with in vitro work from other groups, indi ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
This proposal will use an innovative multidisciplinary approach to investigate complex invader-mediated reprogramming of eukaryotic organisms in an ancient microbe-host association, arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) symbiosis. We aim to pioneer the application of in planta time-lapse live-cell imaging using multi-photon confocal microscopy (MPCM) combined with ultrathin (2-D) TEM stereology and high-reso ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
Understanding the origin of species is one of the major challenges of modern biology, and requires the integration of ecological, evolutionary and developmental approaches. In this project, we aim to understand speciation processes in plants using a clade of eight Iberian bifid toadflaxes (Linaria sect. Versicolores) as a model system, and applying a multidisciplinary approach. Particular attentio ...
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 1

 TERMINÉ 
"We propose to perform numerical simulations of black holes in the framework of general relativity for the purpose of using them in the analysis of gravitational wave data from gravitational wave detectors, LIGO, VIRGO and LISA, and for the analysis of experimental data from parton-parton collisions as performed at the LHC.The analysis of observational data from gravitational wave detectors relies ...
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 2

 TERMINÉ 

A Roadmap for Mental Health Research in Europe (ROAMER)

Date du début: 1 oct. 2011, Date de fin: 31 mars 2015,

"On the regional level, Europe has one of the highest levels of resources for mental health care. Despite this, the high burden and impact of mental disorders in Europe is expected to rise. “ROAdmap for Mental health Research” (ROAMER) is designed to develop a comprehensive, consensus-based roadmap to promote and integrate mental health and well-beingresearch in Europe. Research advances and innov ...
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 15

 TERMINÉ 

Breast Cancer Somatic Genetics Study (BASIS)

Date du début: 1 juil. 2010, Date de fin: 31 déc. 2014,

"All cancers arise due to somatically acquired mutations in their genomes which alter the function of key cancer genes. Understanding these critical mutational events underlying cancer development is paramount for advancing prevention, early detection, monitoring and treatment of the disease. Breast cancer is the most common class of cancer diagnosed in women worldwide with more than one million c ...
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 16