The main objective of this topic is to set up an operational framework for supporting the overall governance of the EOSC, including the coordination between relevant national initiatives.
The governance of the EOSC will rely on the interplay between three components: a body of representatives of the Member States and of the Commission (i.e. the public funders of research in Europe) that will decide and oversee the EOSC strategy, setting the broad orientations and the funding of the EOSC; a Governance Board constituted of high-level representatives of the stakeholders that will oversee the EOSC implementation, advising on the way forward and implementing the strategic and funding orientations of the Member States and the Commission; and a Stakeholders Forum open to all relevant stakeholders willing to provide input, e.g. on strategy setting or operational implementation.
The operational framework includes 1) setting up a coordination structure supporting the activities of the EOSC Governance Board that will oversee the EOSC implementation; 2) ensuring coordination between relevant national initiatives/data infrastructures/e-Infrastructures and their federation into the EOSC; 3) fostering FAIR data culture and the uptake of good practices in making data FAIR.
This topic aims to support a decisive shift in service provisioning from the current fragmented setting of national and European e-Infrastructures and thematic data infrastructures to a new federated European ecosystem for research data, fully taking into account the global environment; the new model should be underpinned by a business/funding model and a governance which provide organizational and financial sustainability in the long-term, thus offering added value services to science and innovation actors in Europe.Scope:
The projects funded under this topic should establish clear links among themselves and with all relevant and EOSC related projects funded under previous and current Horizon 2020 Work Programmes, in order to collaborate and address potential synergies, overlaps and gaps in the overall service offering. As such, these projects will constitute a ‘dedicated and mandated effort or instrument to coordinate EOSC-type activities across Member States’, a need highlighted by the EOSC HLEG report, as also endorsed in the Competitiveness Council of 30 May 2017.
Proposals will address one of the following sub-topics:
(a) Setup of an EOSC coordination structure - Coordination and Support actions
This sub-topic aims to set-up a coordination structure to support the EOSC implementation. It will initially support the EOSC Governance Board that will be set up in 2018 to advise the EU on the EOSC implementation and assist with the transition by 2020 to the stable and fully-fledged EOSC Governance Board that will oversee the EOSC implementation. The coordination structure will work in close relation with the EOSC Governance Board to ensure the implementation of the strategic and funding orientations that will be set by the Member States and the European Commission, taking into account the views expressed by the EOSC community of stakeholders through the EOSC Stakeholders Forum.
The EOSC coordination structure should therefore be the vehicle that funnels the outcomes of all activities encompassed by this call, and other actions and initiatives on cloud for science and research, into a single operational cloud-based service environment enabling open science, excellent research and knowledge production. For this, the proposals will build on the results of previous Horizon 2020 projects, on the outcomes of the High Level Expert Group on the EOSC and of the Open Science Policy Platform, helping coordinate all EOSC-relevant activities funded under Horizon 2020 and beyond. In particular, the proposal will liaise with the project resulting from Call INFRAEDI-03-2018 as regards collaboration on areas of common interest with HPC stakeholders, taking into account the different level of maturity and pace of advancement of the two initiatives.
The EOSC coordination structure will notably (a) support decision making processes regarding EOSC core functions – e.g. standard setting and certification for metadata, specifications for making data FAIR, certifications for data service providers; identification of services needed by scientists to find, store, share and process research data; provision of core common services, ensuring affordable and sustainable access to data analytics and computation to all researchers; identifying priorities at EU level for new/upgraded research data infrastructures and services; (b) support the development of innovative business models for the delivery of these EOSC core functions; (c) help set the rules and methods of participation through which user communities, research infrastructures, e-Infrastructures providers can co-develop and implement cloud based solutions and services accessible to end users through the EOSC hub (e.g. including 'long-tail of science', PhD students at European Universities, Horizon 2020 individual grantees), including the terms and conditions for contributing to and benefitting from these data services; (d) help structure the EOSC community of stakeholders, e.g. by convening the EOSC Stakeholders Forum annually, by building on the outcomes of the June 2017 EOSC Summit and by supporting and integrating activities carried out today by the EOSCpilot Governance Forum and other relevant fora; (e) help ensure liaise with non-EU countries in policy and technical developments compatible with EOSC, and support multilateral and global initiatives on FAIR research data and clouds.
As the scope of this activity is to ensure coordination and federation of EOSC related initiatives and to avoid duplication of efforts, at most one proposal is expected to be submitted under this sub-topic.
The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU of up to EUR 10 million would allow this activity to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts.
(b) Coordination of EOSC-relevant national initiatives across Europe and support to prospective EOSC service providers - Research and Innovation Actions
This sub-topic aims to support the coordination, convergence and federation of EOSC-relevant national initiatives for open research data and services, as well as the development of common practical tools and mechanisms (including development of human skills and capital) which enable, promote and further the compliance of research practices with open data policies. It aims as well to support activities of existing and future EOSC service providers to ensure their long-term sustainability, their role within the EOSC and the accessibility of their services through the EOSC hub, according to established rules and standards.
Only initiatives and services of wide European interest and at appropriate maturity level, and which are not addresses by INFRAEOSC-04-2018, should be considered. The successful proposals will also be called to interact closely among themselves and with the EOSC coordination structure (see sub-topic a). In particular, they should support the EOSC coordination structure in assessing the level of interoperability and organisational readiness of the involved EOSC service providers. This activity will build on and complement related work on the EOSC hub undertaken by projects resulting from EINFRA-12-2017 topic, to facilitate the adoption of common rules and practices to harmonise delivery of the EOSC core functions, and to enable interoperability with other EOSC services, while also enabling cost and energy efficiency. Building on the activities supported by sub-topic (c), successful proposals should enable the mainstreaming of standards for data management and of certification schemes for data repositories, and all relevant supporting activities (e.g. technical, organisational and legal training and capacity building); it should also create incentives for the uptake of FAIR data practices across national scientific communities.
Finally, proposals should also explore mechanisms such as virtual access/transnational access which would allow prospective EOSC providers to recover/share the investment and provisioning costs incurred when offering data and related services cross-border within the EOSC.
The successful proposals will contribute to the mapping and harmonisation of the procedures regulating the delivery of horizontal services related to research data by prospective providers of EOSC services and by national initiatives located in different Member States and Associated Countries, including in areas such as Service Level Agreements, seamless access policies, alignment of procurement practices, user support, certification and compliance with the EU General Data Protection Regulation and with EU Directive on security of network and information systems. Evolution, training and adoption of standards for federated services and interoperability at all levels, as indicated in the European Interoperability Framework, should also be addressed. Proposals should present a clear plan for the involvement of real user communities in the testing and development of the solutions proposed.
Close collaboration with projects resulting from ICT-21-2019 calls is also recommended.
The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU of between EUR 5 and 6 million, would allow this activity to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts. The requested contribution should however directly related to the number of prospective EOSC providers and/or EOSC-relevant national initiatives the proposal aims to connect to the EOSC.
(c) FAIR data uptake and compliance in all scientific communities - Coordination and Support actions
This sub-topic aims to develop and support the implementation of a common scheme to ensure data development, wide uptake of and compliance with FAIR data principles and practices by national and European research data providers and repositories through the EOSC. As this scheme should constitute a key tool for ensuring effective EOSC governance, the successful proposals will be called to interact closely with the EOSC coordination structure to be established through sub-topic (a).
The successful proposals will be called to interact closely between them, with successful projects resulting from INFRAEOSC-04-2018 topic and with the EOSC coordination structure, particularly to foster adoption of FAIR data practices and in the context of international collaboration.
The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU of up to EUR 10 million would allow this activity to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts.Expected Impact:
To be set up following discussions on the basis of the EOSC roadmap that will be presented by the end of 2017
The precise mandate and procedure for selecting the members of the Governance Board will be proposed as part of the EOSC roadmap
Report “Realising the European Open Science Cloud”, October 2016
After agreement between the Commission and the Member States on the mandate and appointing mechanism
A fair indication would be that the requested contribution does not exceed EUR 2 million per prospective EOSC provider and/or EOSC-relevant national initiative.